Le Fri, 11 Aug 2017 09:05:18 +0200, Hans Lehmann <h...@gambas-buch.de> a écrit:
Hello Adrien,
Thanks for the explanation to ReadFlags in the above example. If you want to read and display the content of the structure of an XML document, the output is not helpful because it seems illogical.
Use "gb.xml"
Dim contents As String = "<xml>"
"  <p attr=\"1\" mausi=\"xy\">Hello</p>"
"  <p attr=\"2\">Hi</p>"
"  <p attr=\"3\">Greetings</p>"
Dim reader As New XmlReader
'Toggle these :)
reader.ReadFlags[XmlReaderNodeType.Element] = True
reader.ReadFlags[XmlReaderNodeType.Attribute] = True
reader.ReadFlags[XmlReaderNodeType.Text] = True
reader.ReadFlags[XmlReaderNodeType.EndElement] = false
    Print reader.Node.Type;;
    Select Case reader.Node.Type
      Case XmlReaderNodeType.Element
        Print "element";;reader.Node.name
      Case XmlReaderNodeType.Attribute
        Print "attribute"
      Case XmlReaderNodeType.Text
        Print "text";;reader.node.value
      Case XmlReaderNodeType.Comment
        Print "comment"
      Case XmlReaderNodeType.CDATA
        Print "cdata"
      Case XmlReaderNodeType.EndElement
        Print "endelement"
      Print ""
    End Select
Until reader.Eof
Original-Output in a console:
1 element xml1 element foo8 attribute8 attribute1 element p2 text Hello8 attribute1 element p2 text Hi8 attribute1 element p2 text Greetings This output I would have expected because it shows the structure of the XML file. The upper output does not show which element the attributes belong to. Extremely confusing! 1 element xml1 element foo1 element p8 attribute8 attribute2 text Hello1 element p8 attribute2 text Hi1 element p8 attribute2 text Greetings
What now - what to do?
RegardsHans,who still has many questions about the component gb.xml ...

This is the normal behavior : the Read() method returns when it *finishes* reading something. Therefore, it finishes reading the attributes *before* finishing reading the element.

While this behavior is intended, I completely agree that it is very confusing. However, XmlReader is not an easy class to use : its design is based on the standard XML SAX API, which is meant to be used when your data comes from a stream (hence the complexity : you don't know what to expect going forward, and you have to remember yourself what has been previously read).

The XmlDocument class, on the other hand, is based on the XML DOM API. It is much easier to navigate into an XML document, and all it requires is to have the entirety of the document loaded in memory.

This requirement makes XmlReader more appropriate if you are in one of these two situations : - The Document comes from a very slow stream source (i.e. a *very* slow network connection), and you want to start reading the document before it finishes loading. - The Document you're trying to load is very big, and you can't afford to load it all in memory (today, it means more than 100MB in size, which is already crazy for an XML Document).

These are the only two reasons I see for actually using the XmlReader class. Otherwise, use the XmlDocument class, it is *way* simpler and more powerful. :)

(I also wrote a page on the wiki explaining the differences here : http://gambaswiki.org/wiki/doc/xml )

Adrien Prokopowicz

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