*Agaknya tidak diambil pusing bila orangutan punah, yang penting banyak
perkebunan kelapa sawit dan pemukinan transmigrasi dari wilayah yang padat
Wednesday, 14th February 2018
Deforestation threatens orangutan population
Reporter: Otniel Tamindael 8th February 2018
Two Sumatran baby orangutans rescued by border officials in a smuggling
attempt to smuggle into Thailand some time ago. (REUTERS/Kerek Wongsa)
Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Environmental crimes such as illegal logging and
conversion of rain forests into oil palm plantations are putting high
pressure on ecosystems and the population of Bornean Orangutan, "Pongo
Illegal logging, land-clearing and conversion activities are considered to
be the greatest threats to the "Heart of Borneo". Of particular concern is
the conversion of natural forests to oil palm and timber plantations.
As in many tropical areas around the world, Kalimantan rain forests are
being cut and degraded for timber, palm oil, pulp, rubber and minerals, and
as a result, the orangutan population continues to decline to near
The results of a recent survey by the orangutan conservation agency, the
Center for Orangutan Protection (COP) in Samarinda, East Kalimantan, noted
that the orangutan population in the Lesan River Protected Forest (HLSL)
continues to decline year by year.
COP is a non-governmental organization that focuses on orangutan
preservation and protection in Indonesia, including those in East
With an area of 13,565 hectares, the Lesan River Protected Forest is an
important habitat for orangutans and a variety of rare and legally
protected wildlife such as sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) and clouded
leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), according to COP Habitat Protection Program
However, conservation efforts are sabotaged by palm oil companies, so the
forested areas that should be the connecting corridors between HLSL and
other orangutan habitats are running out.
Hence, Ramadhani asserted that very serious efforts must be taken to
maintain the remaining population of Bornean Orangutan.
Local residents has found a male orangutan, aged between five and seven
years, in critical condition in Teluk Pandan Village of East Kutai
District, but the animal then died on Tuesday after being treated by Kutai
National Park in Bontang.
The body of the orangutan was moved from the national park on Sunday to the
city of Bontang for an autopsy.
During the autopsy conducted at the Pupuk Kaltim Hospital in Bontang city
on Wednesday, the authority removed 48 bullets from the body of a dead
Ramadhani noted in a statement that an x-ray showed the presence of some
130 bullets in the body of the dead orangutan, but the autopsy team managed
to remove only some of them.
"The autopsy has run for four hours, and 48 bullets were removed from the
body," Ramadhani remarked.
The autopsy was conducted by the Bontang police and local officials of the
Forestry and Environment Ministry.
The bullets were fired all across the orangutan`s body, and 74 bullets were
found in the head. The rest hit his arms, legs, and chest.
In addition, the team also found several wounds and some 19 new injuries
allegedly caused by sharp objects.
Ramahdani said the orangutan allegedly died of inflammation from his old
and new injuries.
In May 2016, a similar case had occurred not far from the current location,
but the case remained unsolved until now.
Therefore, the Center for Orangutan Protection will work in coordination
with the police and environment ministry to solve this case.
Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya has said the government
would not hesitate to crack down on the perpetrators of the massacre of
"We are legally pushing for cases to be processed by law," Nurbaya said to
respond to the a carcass of a headless Bornean orangutan found floating in
Kalahien River in South Barito, Central Kalimantan on January 15, 2018.
The environment and forestry minister affirmed that the massacre of
protected animals, including the Bornean orangutan, is not justified for
any reason, so the offender must be prosecuted and punished according to
Nyaru Menteng Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOSF) has expressed its
regret over the discovery of the Bornean orangutan carcass, which was full
of wounds from sharp objects, in the Kalahien River.
>From the scars all over the bodies of the orangutan, it was evident that
the protected animal had died from conflict with humans, according to Nyaru
Menteng BOSF Public Relations official, Monterado Friedman, in
Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan.
Further, Friedman remarked that the Nyaru Menteng BOSF strongly condemned
the human actions that resulted in the death of the Bornean orangutan.
The orangutan is the only great ape that exists outside Africa and has been
listed as an endangered species. Three other species of apes, namely the
gorilla; the chimpanzee, or Pan Troglodytes; and the Bonobo, or Pan
Panicus; are all found only in Africa.
Two types of orangutans are found living in Indonesia. These have been
identified as the Bornean orangutan, or the Pongo pygmaeus, and the
Sumatran orangutan, or the Pongo Abelii, but they have been classified as
According to a recent study, around 70 percent of orangutan habitats are in
an extremely vulnerable state, because they are located outside
conservation areas, a fact that can threaten the primate`s preservation.
In its efforts to save the protected species from extinction, the BOSF is
keen to release as many Bornean orangutans as possible into their natural
In cooperation with the Central Kalimantan Natural Resources Conservation
Agency (BKSDA), the BOSF last year had released 12 orangutans into the
Bukit Baka National Park in Katingan District.