Guys, Call this a mini-howto if you like. If you see any problems, please let me know, so I can correct them.
If you're a roaming user or you're trying to link a satellite office to the main network, SSH can handle the job. Other solutions exist, and SSH isn't perfect, but this is probably the simplest trick out there. OpenSSH since version 4.3 has the ability to set up TUN/TAP tunnels. I'm sure most of you have set up port-forwarding via SSH, but this is a little different than that. Instead of forwarding one TCP port to a host on the other side of the target SSH server, TUN/TAP lets you route between networks as if both networks are on the same LAN. We're setting up an IP tunnel here using TUN, but you could just as easily set up a layer-2 bridge between two LANs by using the TAP interface instead. Let's say you're on a laptop in a coffee shop and want to reach your home or office network. Your home LAN is on a 192.168.0.0/24 subnet. Bear in mind that the router at home needs to have "PermitTunnel yes" in /etc/ssh/sshd_config, and "Tunnel yes" and "TunnelDevice any:any" should be listed in /etc/ssh_config on your laptop. Also, the tun driver needs to load on both your laptop and the router. By the way, your router at home has the external IP address 188.8.131.52. On the laptop, log in to your router at home as root: ssh -w0:0 184.108.40.206 which creates a tunnel between your laptop and the router at home. After you've logged in to the router, run the command ifconfig tun0 10.2.2.2 netmask 255.255.255.252 on the router, which will give the an IP address to the far end of the tunnel. At this point, you don't have to do anything else on the router. Back on your laptop, you have to set an IP address on your end of the tunnel, and set up routing to your LAN at home: ifconfig tun0 10.2.2.1 netmask 255.255.255.252 route add -net 192.168.0.0/24 dev tun0 At this point you should be able to ping any IP on your LAN at home, from your laptop. Congrats, your VPN is set up and you're good to go. If you were trying to set up a remote office, the only thing you'd need to do is set up a route on the main office router to reach hosts on the satellite LAN. So, how does it work? SSH allows you to set up a virtual interface, as noted, which functions as a tunnel with two endpoints. You place an IP address at each end of the tunnel, then set up a route at one or both ends to tell hosts each end how to reach hosts on the other end. Routed traffic passes through the tunnel, all nice and encrypted via SSH. Assuming everything is configured correctly and the tun0 interface comes upon both ends, you can construct a scriptable VPN with only four or five commands. -- Joey Kelly < Minister of the Gospel | Linux Consultant > 01101101 01101101 01101100 01101010 00110100 http://joeykelly.net _______________________________________________ General mailing list General@brlug.net http://mail.brlug.net/mailman/listinfo/general_brlug.net