From: "Felipe Contreras" <felipe.contre...@gmail.com>
To: <git-users@googlegroups.com>
Sent: Saturday, October 19, 2013 3:47 AM
Subject: Re: [git-users] How to list branches


On Fri, Oct 18, 2013 at 9:31 PM, Blake McBride <blake1...@gmail.com> wrote:
I now see that the -a list option displays all of the branches. The branch names are preceded with remotes/origin. Don't know what that means or what is occurring when I check it out (from the local repository) to make it a local branch. Again, I am lost. (I come from the subversion world which
seems easy.)

I don't understand what is so difficult: 'origin/master' means the
'master' branch in the 'origin' repository. To see the URLs of the
remote repositories you can do 'git remote -v'.


As Filipe points out, once you understand the 'Distributed' nature of a DVCS, this becomes easy. But it han be a hard step to move from the centralised VCS style. If you are making the step on your own it takes time, and mistakes, to learn. If you are in the companty of existing users or fellow learners its much easier.

Importantly there is a shortage of commonly understood of descriptive terms for:
    (a) A branch that is physically on a remote server
(b) A branch that has been copied across to your machine but is still marked as being a remote copy (and normally 'hidden', and not changed by you) (c) A branch that you have asked to be brought into your viewing, and that you will edit.

(a) and (b) are both remote branches, with (b) usually being a 'tracking' branch.

Note that centralised VCS has been around since before the Titanic, but there are only a very few few modern DVCS systems for the e-data age (where copying is 100% reliable, essentially instantaneous, and 100% verifiable via crypto checksums)

Also, now that I can see some sort of branches that were created somewhere else and have some sort of other status, how can I tell where these branches
were off of and what cross branch merges occurred?

Just like you would do with local branches. A command like this
usually does the trick:

 git log --oneline --graph --decorate origin/master...master

I have the available three books on git. What would you recommend in order
to understand all of the above difficulties?

Why don't you use the link I sent to the ProGit book chapter about
these? It's free.

Read around the discussions as much as possible to help relearn how a (D)VCS should be operated in the modern world - the Titanic sunk a long while ago.


--
Felipe Contreras



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