Jeff King wrote:

> When we look up a sha1 object for reading, we first check
> packfiles, and then loose objects. If we still haven't found
> it, we re-scan the list of packfiles in `objects/pack`. This
> final step ensures that we can co-exist with a simultaneous
> repack process which creates a new pack and then prunes the
> old object.

I like the context above and what follows it, but I think you forgot
to mention what the patch actually does. :)

I guess it is:

        However, in the first scan over refs in fetch-pack.c::everything_local,
        this double-check of packfiles is not necessary since we are only
        trying to get a rough estimate of the last time we fetched from this
        remote repository in order to find good candidate common commits ---
        a missed object would only result in a slightly slower fetch.

        Avoid that slow second scan in the common case by guarding the object
        lookup with has_sha1_file().

Sounds like it would not affect most fetches except by making them
a lot faster in the many-refs case, so for what it's worth I like it.

I had not read this codepath before.  I'm left with a few questions:

 * Why is 49bb805e ("Do not ask for objects known to be complete",
   2005-10-19) trying to do?  Are we hurting that in any way?

   For the sake of an example, suppose in my stalled project I
   maintain 20 topic branches against an unmoving mainline I do not
   advertise and you regularly fetch from me.  The cutoff is the
   *newest* commit date of any of my topic branches you already have.
   By declaring you have that topic branch you avoid a complicated
   negotiation to discover that we both have the mainline.  Is that
   the goal?

 * Is has_sha1_file() generally succeptible to the race against repack
   you mentioned?  How is that normally dealt with?

 * Can a slow operation get confused if an object is incorporated into
   a pack and then expelled again by two repacks in sequence?

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