The pack revindex stores the offsets of the objects in the pack in sorted order, allowing us to easily find the on-disk size of each object. To compute it, we populate an array with the offsets from the sha1-sorted idx file, and then use qsort to order it by offsets.

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That does O(n log n) offset comparisons, and profiling shows that we spend most of our time in cmp_offset. However, since we are sorting on a simple off_t, we can use numeric sorts that perform better. A radix sort can run in O(k*n), where k is the number of "digits" in our number. For a 64-bit off_t, using 16-bit "digits" gives us k=4. On the linux.git repo, with about 3M objects to sort, this yields a 400% speedup. Here are the best-of-five numbers for running "echo HEAD | git cat-file --batch-disk-size", which is dominated by time spent building the pack revindex: before after real 0m0.834s 0m0.204s user 0m0.788s 0m0.164s sys 0m0.040s 0m0.036s On a smaller repo, the radix sort would not be as impressive (and could even be worse), as we are trading the log(n) factor for the k=4 of the radix sort. However, even on git.git, with 173K objects, it shows some improvement: before after real 0m0.046s 0m0.017s user 0m0.036s 0m0.012s sys 0m0.008s 0m0.000s Signed-off-by: Jeff King <p...@peff.net> --- I changed a few things from the original, including: 1. We take an "unsigned" number of objects to match the fix in the last patch. 2. The 16-bit "digit" size is factored out to a single place, which avoids magic numbers and repeating ourselves. 3. The "digits" variable is renamed to "bits", which is more accurate. 4. The outer loop condition uses the simpler "while (max >> bits)". 5. We use memcpy instead of an open-coded loop to copy the whole array at the end. The individual bucket-assignment is still done by struct assignment. I haven't timed if memcpy would make a difference there. 6. The 64K*sizeof(int) "pos" array is now heap-allocated, in case there are platforms with a small stack. I re-ran my timings to make sure none of the above impacted them; it turned out the same. pack-revindex.c | 84 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---- 1 file changed, 79 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-) diff --git a/pack-revindex.c b/pack-revindex.c index 1aa9754..9365bc2 100644 --- a/pack-revindex.c +++ b/pack-revindex.c @@ -59,11 +59,85 @@ static int cmp_offset(const void *a_, const void *b_) /* revindex elements are lazily initialized */ } -static int cmp_offset(const void *a_, const void *b_) +/* + * This is a least-significant-digit radix sort. + */ +static void sort_revindex(struct revindex_entry *entries, unsigned n, off_t max) { - const struct revindex_entry *a = a_; - const struct revindex_entry *b = b_; - return (a->offset < b->offset) ? -1 : (a->offset > b->offset) ? 1 : 0; + /* + * We use a "digit" size of 16 bits. That keeps our memory + * usage reasonable, and we can generally (for a 4G or smaller + * packfile) quit after two rounds of radix-sorting. + */ +#define DIGIT_SIZE (16) +#define BUCKETS (1 << DIGIT_SIZE) + /* + * We want to know the bucket that a[i] will go into when we are using + * the digit that is N bits from the (least significant) end. + */ +#define BUCKET_FOR(a, i, bits) (((a)[(i)].offset >> (bits)) & (BUCKETS-1)) + + /* + * We need O(n) temporary storage, so we sort back and forth between + * the real array and our tmp storage. To keep them straight, we always + * sort from "a" into buckets in "b". + */ + struct revindex_entry *tmp = xcalloc(n, sizeof(*tmp)); + struct revindex_entry *a = entries, *b = tmp; + int bits = 0; + unsigned *pos = xmalloc(BUCKETS * sizeof(*pos)); + + while (max >> bits) { + struct revindex_entry *swap; + int i; + + memset(pos, 0, BUCKETS * sizeof(*pos)); + + /* + * We want pos[i] to store the index of the last element that + * will go in bucket "i" (actually one past the last element). + * To do this, we first count the items that will go in each + * bucket, which gives us a relative offset from the last + * bucket. We can then cumulatively add the index from the + * previous bucket to get the true index. + */ + for (i = 0; i < n; i++) + pos[BUCKET_FOR(a, i, bits)]++; + for (i = 1; i < BUCKETS; i++) + pos[i] += pos[i-1]; + + /* + * Now we can drop the elements into their correct buckets (in + * our temporary array). We iterate the pos counter backwards + * to avoid using an extra index to count up. And since we are + * going backwards there, we must also go backwards through the + * array itself, to keep the sort stable. + */ + for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) + b[--pos[BUCKET_FOR(a, i, bits)]] = a[i]; + + /* + * Now "b" contains the most sorted list, so we swap "a" and + * "b" for the next iteration. + */ + swap = a; + a = b; + b = swap; + + /* And bump our bits for the next round. */ + bits += DIGIT_SIZE; + } + + /* + * If we ended with our data in the original array, great. If not, + * we have to move it back from the temporary storage. + */ + if (a != entries) + memcpy(entries, tmp, n * sizeof(*entries)); + free(tmp); + free(pos); + +#undef BUCKET_FOR } /* @@ -108,7 +182,7 @@ static void create_pack_revindex(struct pack_revindex *rix) */ rix->revindex[num_ent].offset = p->pack_size - 20; rix->revindex[num_ent].nr = -1; - qsort(rix->revindex, num_ent, sizeof(*rix->revindex), cmp_offset); + sort_revindex(rix->revindex, num_ent, p->pack_size); } struct revindex_entry *find_pack_revindex(struct packed_git *p, off_t ofs) -- 1.8.3.rc3.24.gec82cb9 -- To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe git" in the body of a message to majord...@vger.kernel.org More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html