Ravi Shekhar Jethani <rsjeth...@gmail.com> writes:
> To check this I installed the libgit2-dev package which installed:
> /usr/include/git2/*.h , /usr/lib/libgit2.so
> Now, I exported all symbols using:
> $ readelf -s /usr/lib/libgit2.so
> and tried to match these with 'externed' prototypes in the Git source
> directory..no matches.
> I am confused!!!.

libgit2 is an entirely different package from Git.  If you look at the
libgit2 sources (https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2), look in

/** Declare a public function exported for application use. */
#if __GNUC__ >= 4
# define GIT_EXTERN(type) extern \
                         __attribute__((visibility("default"))) \
#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
# define GIT_EXTERN(type) __declspec(dllexport) type
# define GIT_EXTERN(type) extern type

I have always used __attribute__((visibility("default"))), but the gcc
man page says

    extern declarations are not affected by -fvisibility, so a lot of
    code can be recompiled with -fvisibility=hidden with no
    modifications.  However, this means that calls to "extern" functions
    with no explicit visibility use the PLT, so it is more effective to
    use "__attribute ((visibility))" and/or "#pragma GCC visibility" to
    tell the compiler which "extern" declarations should be treated as

However, I don't understand what the first statement means
(documentation bug?) since -fvisibility=hidden causes functions declared
with 'extern' to be hidden.

EXTERN int foo(void);
int foo(void) {return 1;}

$ gcc -fvisibility=hidden -DEXTERN=extern -shared -o libsymbols.so symbols.c
$ nm -D libsymbols.so | grep foo


$ gcc -fvisibility=hidden -DEXTERN='__attribute((visibility("default")))' 
-shared -o libsymbols.so symbols.c
$ nm -D libsymbols.so | grep foo
000000000000055c T foo

> Also I checked this:
> $ ldd git
> There is no 'gitish' .so in the output; it seems everything is packed
> inside one executable.
> So your second point 'skipping the PLT...' also doesn't seem to apply here.

My comment applied to shared libraries in general, not specifically to
Git (which isn't a shared library).

Attachment: pgpHYEPGwoA09.pgp
Description: PGP signature

Reply via email to