Jeff King <p...@peff.net> writes:

> Commit e208f9c introduced a macro to turn error() calls
> into:
>
>   (error(), -1)
>
> to make the constant return value more visible to the
> calling code (and thus let the compiler make better
> decisions about the code).
>
> This works well for code like:
>
>   return error(...);
>
> but the "-1" is superfluous in code that just calls error()
> without caring about the return value. In older versions of
> gcc, that was fine, but gcc 4.9 complains with -Wunused-value.
>
> We can work around this by encapsulating the constant return
> value in a static inline function, as gcc specifically
> avoids complaining about unused function returns unless the
> function has been specifically marked with the
> warn_unused_result attribute.

That's kind of W*A*T magic, and I generally try to avoid magic, as
long as it solves your "can we make both -O2 with new compilers and
-O3 happy?" I wouldn't complain ;-)

> We also use the same trick for config_error_nonbool and
> opterror, which learned the same error technique in a469a10.
>
> Reported-by: Felipe Contreras <felipe.contre...@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <p...@peff.net>
> ---
> On Mon, May 05, 2014 at 05:29:38PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:
>
>> I cannot think of any other way to make the compiler aware of the
>> constant value, but perhaps somebody else is more clever than I am.
>
> This came to me in a dream, and seems to work.



>
>  cache.h           | 2 +-
>  git-compat-util.h | 6 +++++-
>  parse-options.h   | 2 +-
>  3 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
> index 107ac61..e2f12b0 100644
> --- a/cache.h
> +++ b/cache.h
> @@ -1272,7 +1272,7 @@ extern int git_env_bool(const char *, int);
>  extern int git_config_system(void);
>  extern int config_error_nonbool(const char *);
>  #if defined(__GNUC__) && ! defined(__clang__)
> -#define config_error_nonbool(s) (config_error_nonbool(s), -1)
> +#define config_error_nonbool(s) (config_error_nonbool(s), const_error())
>  #endif
>  extern const char *get_log_output_encoding(void);
>  extern const char *get_commit_output_encoding(void);
> diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
> index f6d3a46..b4c437e 100644
> --- a/git-compat-util.h
> +++ b/git-compat-util.h
> @@ -331,7 +331,11 @@ extern void warning(const char *err, ...) 
> __attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)))
>   * using the function as usual.
>   */
>  #if defined(__GNUC__) && ! defined(__clang__)
> -#define error(...) (error(__VA_ARGS__), -1)
> +static inline int const_error(void)
> +{
> +     return -1;
> +}
> +#define error(...) (error(__VA_ARGS__), const_error())
>  #endif
>  
>  extern void set_die_routine(NORETURN_PTR void (*routine)(const char *err, 
> va_list params));
> diff --git a/parse-options.h b/parse-options.h
> index 3189676..2f9be96 100644
> --- a/parse-options.h
> +++ b/parse-options.h
> @@ -177,7 +177,7 @@ extern NORETURN void usage_msg_opt(const char *msg,
>  extern int optbug(const struct option *opt, const char *reason);
>  extern int opterror(const struct option *opt, const char *reason, int flags);
>  #if defined(__GNUC__) && ! defined(__clang__)
> -#define opterror(o,r,f) (opterror((o),(r),(f)), -1)
> +#define opterror(o,r,f) (opterror((o),(r),(f)), const_error())
>  #endif
>  
>  /*----- incremental advanced APIs -----*/
--
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