# Re: [Gmsh] Create a 3D cube with each face having a physical surface

```Using your second option, you may use BooleanFragments.
Try at the end of your file:```
```
// Surface{7,8,9,10,11,12} In Volume{1}; // Comment out this line
Physical Volume(100)  = {1};

aux() = BooleanFragments{ Volume{1}; Delete; }{ Surface{7:12}; Delete;};
Printf("", aux()); // For checking the numbers of the generated geometrical
entities

// For visibility
Recursive Color Red{Volume{1};}
Recursive Color Yellow{Surface{7:12};}

With regard to your first option, you can only create rectangles in the XY
plane, but you can translate and rotate to place them where you want.

HTH
Ruth

â€”
Prof. Ruth V. Sabariego
KU Leuven
Dept. Electrical Engineering ESAT/Electa, EnergyVille
http://www.esat.kuleuven.be/electa
http://www.energyville.be

Free software: http://gmsh.info | http://getdp.info | http://onelab.info

On 8 Feb 2018, at 22:13, Sathyanarayan Rao
<sathyanarayan....@uclouvain.be<mailto:sathyanarayan....@uclouvain.be>> wrote:

Dear GMSH team,

I am trying to generate a cube with each face having a rectangular surface that
will be later identified as a sensor.

1) In case I want to use rectangle command of opencascade is it possible to
create rectangle other than in XY plane ?

```
Mesh.Algorithm3D = 4; // 3D mesh algorithm (1=Delaunay, 4=Frontal, 5=Frontal
Delaunay, 6=Frontal Hex, 7=MMG3D, 9=R-tree)
R = 0.05;
w = R;
Box(1) = {-R,-R,-R, 2*R,2*R,2*R};
Rectangle(10) = {-R/2,-R/2,-R, R,R};
Rectangle(11) = {-R/2,-R/2,R, R,R};
```

2)  When I manually create surfaces in each face of the cube, they come as
separate regions in 3D mesh.

```
Mesh.Algorithm3D = 4; // 3D mesh algorithm (1=Delaunay, 4=Frontal, 5=Frontal
Delaunay, 6=Frontal Hex, 7=MMG3D, 9=R-tree)
R = 0.05;
R1 = R;
w = R;
Box(1) = {-R,-R,-R, 2*R,2*R,2*R};
q = 0.005;

/* Right electrode */
RE = 300;

Point(RE+1) = { R1,  R1/2,  R1/2, q};
Point(RE+2) = { R1, -R1/2,  R1/2, q};
Point(RE+3) = { R1, -R1/2, -R1/2, q};
Point(RE+4) = { R1,  R1/2, -R1/2, q};
Line(RE+13) = {RE+4, RE+1};
Line(RE+14) = {RE+1, RE+2};
Line(RE+15) = {RE+2, RE+3};
Line(RE+16) = {RE+3, RE+4};
Line Loop(RE+7) = {RE+16, RE+13, RE+14, RE+15};
Plane Surface(7) = {RE+7};
Physical Surface(10000) = {7};

/* Left electrode */

RE = 400;

Point(RE+1) = { -R1,  R1/2,  R1/2, q};
Point(RE+2) = { -R1, -R1/2,  R1/2, q};
Point(RE+3) = { -R1, -R1/2, -R1/2, q};
Point(RE+4) = { -R1,  R1/2, -R1/2, q};
Line(RE+13) = {RE+4, RE+1};
Line(RE+14) = {RE+1, RE+2};
Line(RE+15) = {RE+2, RE+3};
Line(RE+16) = {RE+3, RE+4};
Line Loop(RE+7) = {RE+16, RE+13, RE+14, RE+15};
Plane Surface(8) = {RE+7};
Physical Surface(10001) = {8};

// create plate electrodes
/* back electrode */

RE = 500;

Point(RE+1) = {  R1/2,  -R1, R1/2, q};
Point(RE+2) = { -R1/2,   -R1, R1/2, q};
Point(RE+3) = {  -R1/2,   -R1,-R1/2, q};
Point(RE+4) = { R1/2,  -R1, -R1/2, q};
Line(RE+13) = {RE+4, RE+1};
Line(RE+14) = {RE+1, RE+2};
Line(RE+15) = {RE+2, RE+3};
Line(RE+16) = {RE+3, RE+4};
Line Loop(RE+7) = {RE+16, RE+13, RE+14, RE+15};
Plane Surface(9) = {RE+7};
Physical Surface(10002) = {9};

/* front electrode */

RE = 600;

Point(RE+1) = {  R1/2,  R1, R1/2, q};
Point(RE+2) = { -R1/2,  R1, R1/2, q};
Point(RE+3) = {  -R1/2,  R1,-R1/2, q};
Point(RE+4) = { R1/2, R1, -R1/2, q};
Line(RE+13) = {RE+4, RE+1};
Line(RE+14) = {RE+1, RE+2};
Line(RE+15) = {RE+2, RE+3};
Line(RE+16) = {RE+3, RE+4};
Line Loop(RE+7) = {RE+16, RE+13, RE+14, RE+15};
Plane Surface(10) = {RE+7};
Physical Surface(10003) = {10};

/* top electrode */

RE = 700;

Point(RE+1) = {  R1/2,R1/2,R1, q};
Point(RE+2) = { -R1/2,R1/2, R1,q};
Point(RE+3) = {  -R1/2, -R1/2,R1, q};
Point(RE+4) = { R1/2,  -R1/2,R1, q};
Line(RE+13) = {RE+4, RE+1};
Line(RE+14) = {RE+1, RE+2};
Line(RE+15) = {RE+2, RE+3};
Line(RE+16) = {RE+3, RE+4};
Line Loop(RE+7) = {RE+16, RE+13, RE+14, RE+15};
Plane Surface(11) = {RE+7};
Physical Surface(10004) = {11};

/* bottom electrode */

RE = 800;

Point(RE+1) = {  R1/2,R1/2,-R1, q};
Point(RE+2) = { -R1/2,R1/2, -R1,q};
Point(RE+3) = {  -R1/2, -R1/2,-R1, q};
Point(RE+4) = { R1/2,  -R1/2,-R1, q};
Line(RE+13) = {RE+4, RE+1};
Line(RE+14) = {RE+1, RE+2};
Line(RE+15) = {RE+2, RE+3};
Line(RE+16) = {RE+3, RE+4};
Line Loop(RE+7) = {RE+16, RE+13, RE+14, RE+15};
Plane Surface(12) = {RE+7};
Physical Surface(10005) = {12};

Surface{7,8,9,10,11,12} In Volume{1};
Physical Volume(100)  = {1};
```

Somehow the command "Surface{} In Volume" seems to not care for what I want.
how can I get a cube with each face having a rectangular surface with its own
physical number.

________________________________
Best Regards,

Sathyanarayan Rao, PhD student
Earth and Life Institute/Environmental Sciences (ELI-e)
c.037, Croix du Sud 2, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Phone: 010473827 ( intercom 73827)

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