wingo pushed a commit to branch core-updates
in repository guix.

commit f2ec23d18e50eef3e4f574a3e6498d8964e4e1a3
Author: Andy Wingo <wi...@igalia.com>
Date:   Wed Oct 5 19:23:48 2016 +0200

    gnu: Add CUPS service.
    
    * gnu/services/cups.scm: New file.
    * gnu/local.mk (GNU_SYSTEM_MODULES): Add gnu/services/cups.scm.
    * doc/guix.texi (Printing Services): New section.
---
 doc/guix.texi         |  832 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 gnu/local.mk          |    1 +
 gnu/services/cups.scm | 1166 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 1999 insertions(+)

diff --git a/doc/guix.texi b/doc/guix.texi
index 57821c5..5096f18 100644
--- a/doc/guix.texi
+++ b/doc/guix.texi
@@ -7643,6 +7643,7 @@ declaration.
 * Log Rotation::                The rottlog service.
 * Networking Services::         Network setup, SSH daemon, etc.
 * X Window::                    Graphical display.
+* Printing Services::           Local and remote printer support.
 * Desktop Services::            D-Bus and desktop services.
 * Database Services::           SQL databases.
 * Mail Services::               IMAP, POP3, SMTP, and all that.
@@ -8686,6 +8687,837 @@ makes the good ol' XlockMore usable.
 @end deffn
 
 
+@node Printing Services
+@subsubsection Printing Services
+
+The @code{(gnu services cups)} module provides a Guix service definition
+for the CUPS printing service.  To add printer support to a GuixSD
+system, add a @code{cups-service} to the operating system definition:
+
+@deffn {Scheme Variable} cups-service-type
+The service type for the CUPS print server.  Its value should be a valid
+CUPS configuration (see below).  For example:
+@example
+(service cups-service-type (cups-configuration))
+@end example
+@end deffn
+
+The CUPS configuration controls the basic things about your CUPS
+installation: what interfaces it listens on, what to do if a print job
+fails, how much logging to do, and so on.  To actually add a printer,
+you have to visit the @url{http://localhost:631} URL, or use a tool such
+as GNOME's printer configuration services.  By default, configuring a
+CUPS service will generate a self-signed certificate if needed, for
+secure connections to the print server.
+
+One way you might want to customize CUPS is to enable or disable the web
+interface.  You can do that directly, like this:
+
+@example
+(service cups-service-type
+         (cups-configuration
+           (web-interface? #f)))
+@end example
+
+The available configuration parameters follow.  Each parameter
+definition is preceded by its type; for example, @samp{string-list foo}
+indicates that the @code{foo} parameter should be specified as a list of
+strings.  There is also a way to specify the configuration as a string,
+if you have an old @code{cupsd.conf} file that you want to port over
+from some other system; see the end for more details.
+
+@c The following documentation was initially generated by
+@c (generate-documentation) in (gnu services cups).  Manually maintained
+@c documentation is better, so we shouldn't hesitate to edit below as
+@c needed.  However if the change you want to make to this documentation
+@c can be done in an automated way, it's probably easier to change
+@c (generate-documentation) than to make it below and have to deal with
+@c the churn as CUPS updates.
+
+
+Available @code{cups-configuration} fields are:
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} package cups
+The CUPS package.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} package-list extensions
+Drivers and other extensions to the CUPS package.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} files-configuration 
files-configuration
+Configuration of where to write logs, what directories to use for print
+spools, and related privileged configuration parameters.
+
+Available @code{files-configuration} fields are:
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} log-location access-log
+Defines the access log filename.  Specifying a blank filename disables
+access log generation.  The value @code{stderr} causes log entries to be
+sent to the standard error file when the scheduler is running in the
+foreground, or to the system log daemon when run in the background.  The
+value @code{syslog} causes log entries to be sent to the system log
+daemon.  The server name may be included in filenames using the string
+@code{%s}, as in @code{/var/log/cups/%s-access_log}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/var/log/cups/access_log"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} file-name cache-dir
+Where CUPS should cache data.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/var/cache/cups"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} string config-file-perm
+Specifies the permissions for all configuration files that the scheduler
+writes.
+
+Note that the permissions for the printers.conf file are currently
+masked to only allow access from the scheduler user (typically root).
+This is done because printer device URIs sometimes contain sensitive
+authentication information that should not be generally known on the
+system.  There is no way to disable this security feature.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"0640"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} log-location error-log
+Defines the error log filename.  Specifying a blank filename disables
+access log generation.  The value @code{stderr} causes log entries to be
+sent to the standard error file when the scheduler is running in the
+foreground, or to the system log daemon when run in the background.  The
+value @code{syslog} causes log entries to be sent to the system log
+daemon.  The server name may be included in filenames using the string
+@code{%s}, as in @code{/var/log/cups/%s-error_log}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/var/log/cups/error_log"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} string fatal-errors
+Specifies which errors are fatal, causing the scheduler to exit.  The
+kind strings are:
+
+@table @code
+@item none
+No errors are fatal.
+
+@item all
+All of the errors below are fatal.
+
+@item browse
+Browsing initialization errors are fatal, for example failed connections
+to the DNS-SD daemon.
+
+@item config
+Configuration file syntax errors are fatal.
+
+@item listen
+Listen or Port errors are fatal, except for IPv6 failures on the
+loopback or @code{any} addresses.
+
+@item log
+Log file creation or write errors are fatal.
+
+@item permissions
+Bad startup file permissions are fatal, for example shared TLS
+certificate and key files with world-read permissions.
+@end table
+
+Defaults to @samp{"all -browse"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} boolean file-device?
+Specifies whether the file pseudo-device can be used for new printer
+queues.  The URI @uref{file:///dev/null} is always allowed.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} string group
+Specifies the group name or ID that will be used when executing external
+programs.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"lp"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} string log-file-perm
+Specifies the permissions for all log files that the scheduler writes.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"0644"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} log-location page-log
+Defines the page log filename.  Specifying a blank filename disables
+access log generation.  The value @code{stderr} causes log entries to be
+sent to the standard error file when the scheduler is running in the
+foreground, or to the system log daemon when run in the background.  The
+value @code{syslog} causes log entries to be sent to the system log
+daemon.  The server name may be included in filenames using the string
+@code{%s}, as in @code{/var/log/cups/%s-page_log}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/var/log/cups/page_log"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} string remote-root
+Specifies the username that is associated with unauthenticated accesses
+by clients claiming to be the root user.  The default is @code{remroot}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"remroot"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} file-name request-root
+Specifies the directory that contains print jobs and other HTTP request
+data.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/var/spool/cups"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} sandboxing sandboxing
+Specifies the level of security sandboxing that is applied to print
+filters, backends, and other child processes of the scheduler; either
+@code{relaxed} or @code{strict}.  This directive is currently only
+used/supported on macOS.
+
+Defaults to @samp{strict}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} file-name server-keychain
+Specifies the location of TLS certificates and private keys.  CUPS will
+look for public and private keys in this directory: a @code{.crt} files
+for PEM-encoded certificates and corresponding @code{.key} files for
+PEM-encoded private keys.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/etc/cups/ssl"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} file-name server-root
+Specifies the directory containing the server configuration files.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/etc/cups"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} boolean sync-on-close?
+Specifies whether the scheduler calls fsync(2) after writing
+configuration or state files.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} space-separated-string-list 
system-group
+Specifies the group(s) to use for @code{@@SYSTEM} group authentication.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} file-name temp-dir
+Specifies the directory where temporary files are stored.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"/var/spool/cups/tmp"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{files-configuration} parameter} string user
+Specifies the user name or ID that is used when running external
+programs.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"lp"}.
+@end deftypevr
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} access-log-level 
access-log-level
+Specifies the logging level for the AccessLog file.  The @code{config}
+level logs when printers and classes are added, deleted, or modified and
+when configuration files are accessed or updated.  The @code{actions}
+level logs when print jobs are submitted, held, released, modified, or
+canceled, and any of the conditions for @code{config}.  The @code{all}
+level logs all requests.
+
+Defaults to @samp{actions}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean auto-purge-jobs?
+Specifies whether to purge job history data automatically when it is no
+longer required for quotas.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} browse-local-protocols 
browse-local-protocols
+Specifies which protocols to use for local printer sharing.
+
+Defaults to @samp{dnssd}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean browse-web-if?
+Specifies whether the CUPS web interface is advertised.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean browsing?
+Specifies whether shared printers are advertised.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string classification
+Specifies the security classification of the server.  Any valid banner
+name can be used, including "classified", "confidential", "secret",
+"topsecret", and "unclassified", or the banner can be omitted to disable
+secure printing functions.
+
+Defaults to @samp{""}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean classify-override?
+Specifies whether users may override the classification (cover page) of
+individual print jobs using the @code{job-sheets} option.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} default-auth-type 
default-auth-type
+Specifies the default type of authentication to use.
+
+Defaults to @samp{Basic}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} default-encryption 
default-encryption
+Specifies whether encryption will be used for authenticated requests.
+
+Defaults to @samp{Required}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string default-language
+Specifies the default language to use for text and web content.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"en"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string default-paper-size
+Specifies the default paper size for new print queues.  @samp{"Auto"}
+uses a locale-specific default, while @samp{"None"} specifies there is
+no default paper size.  Specific size names are typically
+@samp{"Letter"} or @samp{"A4"}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"Auto"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string default-policy
+Specifies the default access policy to use.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"default"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean default-shared?
+Specifies whether local printers are shared by default.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#t}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
dirty-clean-interval
+Specifies the delay for updating of configuration and state files, in
+seconds.  A value of 0 causes the update to happen as soon as possible,
+typically within a few milliseconds.
+
+Defaults to @samp{30}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} error-policy error-policy
+Specifies what to do when an error occurs.  Possible values are
+@code{abort-job}, which will discard the failed print job;
+@code{retry-job}, which will retry the job at a later time;
+@code{retry-this-job}, which retries the failed job immediately; and
+@code{stop-printer}, which stops the printer.
+
+Defaults to @samp{stop-printer}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
filter-limit
+Specifies the maximum cost of filters that are run concurrently, which
+can be used to minimize disk, memory, and CPU resource problems.  A
+limit of 0 disables filter limiting.  An average print to a
+non-PostScript printer needs a filter limit of about 200.  A PostScript
+printer needs about half that (100).  Setting the limit below these
+thresholds will effectively limit the scheduler to printing a single job
+at any time.
+
+Defaults to @samp{0}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
filter-nice
+Specifies the scheduling priority of filters that are run to print a
+job.  The nice value ranges from 0, the highest priority, to 19, the
+lowest priority.
+
+Defaults to @samp{0}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} host-name-lookups 
host-name-lookups
+Specifies whether to do reverse lookups on connecting clients.  The
+@code{double} setting causes @code{cupsd} to verify that the hostname
+resolved from the address matches one of the addresses returned for that
+hostname.  Double lookups also prevent clients with unregistered
+addresses from connecting to your server.  Only set this option to
+@code{#t} or @code{double} if absolutely required.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
job-kill-delay
+Specifies the number of seconds to wait before killing the filters and
+backend associated with a canceled or held job.
+
+Defaults to @samp{30}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
job-retry-interval
+Specifies the interval between retries of jobs in seconds.  This is
+typically used for fax queues but can also be used with normal print
+queues whose error policy is @code{retry-job} or
+@code{retry-current-job}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{30}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
job-retry-limit
+Specifies the number of retries that are done for jobs.  This is
+typically used for fax queues but can also be used with normal print
+queues whose error policy is @code{retry-job} or
+@code{retry-current-job}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{5}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean keep-alive?
+Specifies whether to support HTTP keep-alive connections.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#t}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
keep-alive-timeout
+Specifies how long an idle client connection remains open, in seconds.
+
+Defaults to @samp{30}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
limit-request-body
+Specifies the maximum size of print files, IPP requests, and HTML form
+data.  A limit of 0 disables the limit check.
+
+Defaults to @samp{0}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} multiline-string-list listen
+Listens on the specified interfaces for connections.  Valid values are
+of the form @var{address}:@var{port}, where @var{address} is either an
+IPv6 address enclosed in brackets, an IPv4 address, or @code{*} to
+indicate all addresses.  Values can also be file names of local UNIX
+domain sockets.  The Listen directive is similar to the Port directive
+but allows you to restrict access to specific interfaces or networks.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
listen-back-log
+Specifies the number of pending connections that will be allowed.  This
+normally only affects very busy servers that have reached the MaxClients
+limit, but can also be triggered by large numbers of simultaneous
+connections.  When the limit is reached, the operating system will
+refuse additional connections until the scheduler can accept the pending
+ones.
+
+Defaults to @samp{128}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} location-access-control-list 
location-access-controls
+Specifies a set of additional access controls.
+
+Available @code{location-access-controls} fields are:
+
+@deftypevr {@code{location-access-controls} parameter} file-name path
+Specifies the URI path to which the access control applies.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{location-access-controls} parameter} access-control-list 
access-controls
+Access controls for all access to this path, in the same format as the
+@code{access-controls} of @code{operation-access-control}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{location-access-controls} parameter} 
method-access-control-list method-access-controls
+Access controls for method-specific access to this path.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+
+Available @code{method-access-controls} fields are:
+
+@deftypevr {@code{method-access-controls} parameter} boolean reverse?
+If @code{#t}, apply access controls to all methods except the listed
+methods.  Otherwise apply to only the listed methods.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{method-access-controls} parameter} method-list methods
+Methods to which this access control applies.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{method-access-controls} parameter} access-control-list 
access-controls
+Access control directives, as a list of strings.  Each string should be
+one directive, such as "Order allow,deny".
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+@end deftypevr
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
log-debug-history
+Specifies the number of debugging messages that are retained for logging
+if an error occurs in a print job.  Debug messages are logged regardless
+of the LogLevel setting.
+
+Defaults to @samp{100}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} log-level log-level
+Specifies the level of logging for the ErrorLog file.  The value
+@code{none} stops all logging while @code{debug2} logs everything.
+
+Defaults to @samp{info}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} log-time-format 
log-time-format
+Specifies the format of the date and time in the log files.  The value
+@code{standard} logs whole seconds while @code{usecs} logs microseconds.
+
+Defaults to @samp{standard}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-clients
+Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous clients that are allowed by
+the scheduler.
+
+Defaults to @samp{100}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-clients-per-host
+Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous clients that are allowed
+from a single address.
+
+Defaults to @samp{100}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-copies
+Specifies the maximum number of copies that a user can print of each
+job.
+
+Defaults to @samp{9999}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-hold-time
+Specifies the maximum time a job may remain in the @code{indefinite}
+hold state before it is canceled.  A value of 0 disables cancellation of
+held jobs.
+
+Defaults to @samp{0}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer max-jobs
+Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous jobs that are allowed.  Set
+to 0 to allow an unlimited number of jobs.
+
+Defaults to @samp{500}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-jobs-per-printer
+Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous jobs that are allowed per
+printer.  A value of 0 allows up to MaxJobs jobs per printer.
+
+Defaults to @samp{0}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-jobs-per-user
+Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous jobs that are allowed per
+user.  A value of 0 allows up to MaxJobs jobs per user.
+
+Defaults to @samp{0}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-job-time
+Specifies the maximum time a job may take to print before it is
+canceled, in seconds.  Set to 0 to disable cancellation of "stuck" jobs.
+
+Defaults to @samp{10800}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
max-log-size
+Specifies the maximum size of the log files before they are rotated, in
+bytes.  The value 0 disables log rotation.
+
+Defaults to @samp{1048576}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
multiple-operation-timeout
+Specifies the maximum amount of time to allow between files in a
+multiple file print job, in seconds.
+
+Defaults to @samp{300}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string page-log-format
+Specifies the format of PageLog lines.  Sequences beginning with percent
+(@samp{%}) characters are replaced with the corresponding information,
+while all other characters are copied literally.  The following percent
+sequences are recognized:
+
+@table @samp
+@item %%
+insert a single percent character
+
+@item %@{name@}
+insert the value of the specified IPP attribute
+
+@item %C
+insert the number of copies for the current page
+
+@item %P
+insert the current page number
+
+@item %T
+insert the current date and time in common log format
+
+@item %j
+insert the job ID
+
+@item %p
+insert the printer name
+
+@item %u
+insert the username
+@end table
+
+A value of the empty string disables page logging.  The string @code{%p
+%u %j %T %P %C %@{job-billing@} %@{job-originating-host-name@}
+%@{job-name@} %@{media@} %@{sides@}} creates a page log with the
+standard items.
+
+Defaults to @samp{""}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} environment-variables 
environment-variables
+Passes the specified environment variable(s) to child processes; a list
+of strings.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} policy-configuration-list 
policies
+Specifies named access control policies.
+
+Available @code{policy-configuration} fields are:
+
+@deftypevr {@code{policy-configuration} parameter} string name
+Name of the policy.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{policy-configuration} parameter} string job-private-access
+Specifies an access list for a job's private values.  @code{@@ACL} maps
+to the printer's requesting-user-name-allowed or
+requesting-user-name-denied values.  @code{@@OWNER} maps to the job's
+owner.  @code{@@SYSTEM} maps to the groups listed for the
+@code{system-group} field of the @code{files-config} configuration,
+which is reified into the @code{cups-files.conf(5)} file.  Other
+possible elements of the access list include specific user names, and
+@code{@@@var{group}} to indicate members of a specific group.  The
+access list may also be simply @code{all} or @code{default}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"@@OWNER @@SYSTEM"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{policy-configuration} parameter} string job-private-values
+Specifies the list of job values to make private, or @code{all},
+@code{default}, or @code{none}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"job-name job-originating-host-name
+job-originating-user-name phone"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{policy-configuration} parameter} string 
subscription-private-access
+Specifies an access list for a subscription's private values.
+@code{@@ACL} maps to the printer's requesting-user-name-allowed or
+requesting-user-name-denied values.  @code{@@OWNER} maps to the job's
+owner.  @code{@@SYSTEM} maps to the groups listed for the
+@code{system-group} field of the @code{files-config} configuration,
+which is reified into the @code{cups-files.conf(5)} file.  Other
+possible elements of the access list include specific user names, and
+@code{@@@var{group}} to indicate members of a specific group.  The
+access list may also be simply @code{all} or @code{default}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"@@OWNER @@SYSTEM"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{policy-configuration} parameter} string 
subscription-private-values
+Specifies the list of job values to make private, or @code{all},
+@code{default}, or @code{none}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"notify-events notify-pull-method notify-recipient-uri
+notify-subscriber-user-name notify-user-data"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{policy-configuration} parameter} 
operation-access-control-list access-controls
+Access control by IPP operation.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} 
boolean-or-non-negative-integer preserve-job-files
+Specifies whether job files (documents) are preserved after a job is
+printed.  If a numeric value is specified, job files are preserved for
+the indicated number of seconds after printing.  Otherwise a boolean
+value applies indefinitely.
+
+Defaults to @samp{86400}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} 
boolean-or-non-negative-integer preserve-job-history
+Specifies whether the job history is preserved after a job is printed.
+If a numeric value is specified, the job history is preserved for the
+indicated number of seconds after printing.  If @code{#t}, the job
+history is preserved until the MaxJobs limit is reached.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#t}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer 
reload-timeout
+Specifies the amount of time to wait for job completion before
+restarting the scheduler.
+
+Defaults to @samp{30}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string rip-cache
+Specifies the maximum amount of memory to use when converting documents
+into bitmaps for a printer.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"128m"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string server-admin
+Specifies the email address of the server administrator.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"root@@localhost.localdomain"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} host-name-list-or-* 
server-alias
+The ServerAlias directive is used for HTTP Host header validation when
+clients connect to the scheduler from external interfaces.  Using the
+special name @code{*} can expose your system to known browser-based DNS
+rebinding attacks, even when accessing sites through a firewall.  If the
+auto-discovery of alternate names does not work, we recommend listing
+each alternate name with a ServerAlias directive instead of using
+@code{*}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{*}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string server-name
+Specifies the fully-qualified host name of the server.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"localhost"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} server-tokens server-tokens
+Specifies what information is included in the Server header of HTTP
+responses.  @code{None} disables the Server header.  @code{ProductOnly}
+reports @code{CUPS}.  @code{Major} reports @code{CUPS 2}.  @code{Minor}
+reports @code{CUPS 2.0}.  @code{Minimal} reports @code{CUPS 2.0.0}.
+@code{OS} reports @code{CUPS 2.0.0 (@var{uname})} where @var{uname} is
+the output of the @code{uname} command.  @code{Full} reports @code{CUPS
+2.0.0 (@var{uname}) IPP/2.0}.
+
+Defaults to @samp{Minimal}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} string set-env
+Set the specified environment variable to be passed to child processes.
+
+Defaults to @samp{"variable value"}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} multiline-string-list 
ssl-listen
+Listens on the specified interfaces for encrypted connections.  Valid
+values are of the form @var{address}:@var{port}, where @var{address} is
+either an IPv6 address enclosed in brackets, an IPv4 address, or
+@code{*} to indicate all addresses.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} ssl-options ssl-options
+Sets encryption options.  By default, CUPS only supports encryption
+using TLS v1.0 or higher using known secure cipher suites.  The
+@code{AllowRC4} option enables the 128-bit RC4 cipher suites, which are
+required for some older clients that do not implement newer ones.  The
+@code{AllowSSL3} option enables SSL v3.0, which is required for some
+older clients that do not support TLS v1.0.
+
+Defaults to @samp{()}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean strict-conformance?
+Specifies whether the scheduler requires clients to strictly adhere to
+the IPP specifications.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} non-negative-integer timeout
+Specifies the HTTP request timeout, in seconds.
+
+Defaults to @samp{300}.
+
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{cups-configuration} parameter} boolean web-interface?
+Specifies whether the web interface is enabled.
+
+Defaults to @samp{#f}.
+@end deftypevr
+
+At this point you're probably thinking ``oh dear, Guix manual, I like
+you but you can stop already with the configuration options''.  Indeed.
+However, one more point: it could be that you have an existing
+@code{cupsd.conf} that you want to use.  In that case, you can pass an
+@code{opaque-cups-configuration} as the configuration of a
+@code{cups-service-type}.
+
+Available @code{opaque-cups-configuration} fields are:
+
+@deftypevr {@code{opaque-cups-configuration} parameter} package cups
+The CUPS package.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{opaque-cups-configuration} parameter} string cupsd.conf
+The contents of the @code{cupsd.conf}, as a string.
+@end deftypevr
+
+@deftypevr {@code{opaque-cups-configuration} parameter} string cups-files.conf
+The contents of the @code{cups-files.conf} file, as a string.
+@end deftypevr
+
+For example, if your @code{cupsd.conf} and @code{cups-files.conf} are in
+strings of the same name, you could instantiate a CUPS service like
+this:
+
+@example
+(service cups-service-type
+         (opaque-cups-configuration
+           (cupsd.conf cupsd.conf)
+           (cups-files.conf cups-files.conf)))
+@end example
+
+
 @node Desktop Services
 @subsubsection Desktop Services
 
diff --git a/gnu/local.mk b/gnu/local.mk
index 1acf949..debe348 100644
--- a/gnu/local.mk
+++ b/gnu/local.mk
@@ -391,6 +391,7 @@ GNU_SYSTEM_MODULES =                                \
   %D%/services/admin.scm                       \
   %D%/services/avahi.scm                       \
   %D%/services/base.scm                                \
+  %D%/services/cups.scm                                \
   %D%/services/databases.scm                   \
   %D%/services/dbus.scm                                \
   %D%/services/desktop.scm                     \
diff --git a/gnu/services/cups.scm b/gnu/services/cups.scm
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7542ee2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gnu/services/cups.scm
@@ -0,0 +1,1166 @@
+;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
+;;; Copyright © 2016 Andy Wingo <wi...@pobox.com>
+;;;
+;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
+;;;
+;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
+;;; your option) any later version.
+;;;
+;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
+;;;
+;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+;;; along with GNU Guix.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+(define-module (gnu services cups)
+  #:use-module (gnu services)
+  #:use-module (gnu services shepherd)
+  #:use-module (gnu system shadow)
+  #:use-module (gnu packages admin)
+  #:use-module (gnu packages cups)
+  #:use-module (gnu packages tls)
+  #:use-module (guix packages)
+  #:use-module (guix records)
+  #:use-module (guix gexp)
+  #:use-module (texinfo)
+  #:use-module (texinfo serialize)
+  #:use-module (ice-9 match)
+  #:use-module ((srfi srfi-1) #:select (append-map))
+  #:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
+  #:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
+  #:export (&cups-configuation-error
+            cups-configuration-error?
+
+            cups-service-type
+            cups-configuration
+            opaque-cups-configuration
+
+            files-configuration
+            policy-configuration
+            location-access-control
+            operation-access-control
+            method-access-control))
+
+;;; Commentary:
+;;;
+;;; Service defininition for the CUPS printing system.
+;;;
+;;; Code:
+
+(define-condition-type &cups-configuration-error &error
+  cups-configuration-error?)
+
+(define (cups-error message)
+  (raise (condition (&message (message message))
+                    (&cups-configuration-error))))
+(define (cups-configuration-field-error field val)
+  (cups-error
+   (format #f "Invalid value for field ~a: ~s" field val)))
+(define (cups-configuration-missing-field kind field)
+  (cups-error
+   (format #f "~a configuration missing required field ~a" kind field)))
+
+(define-record-type* <configuration-field>
+  configuration-field make-configuration-field configuration-field?
+  (name configuration-field-name)
+  (type configuration-field-type)
+  (getter configuration-field-getter)
+  (predicate configuration-field-predicate)
+  (serializer configuration-field-serializer)
+  (default-value-thunk configuration-field-default-value-thunk)
+  (documentation configuration-field-documentation))
+
+(define (serialize-configuration config fields)
+  (for-each (lambda (field)
+              ((configuration-field-serializer field)
+               (configuration-field-name field)
+               ((configuration-field-getter field) config)))
+            fields))
+
+(define (validate-configuration config fields)
+  (for-each (lambda (field)
+              (let ((val ((configuration-field-getter field) config)))
+                (unless ((configuration-field-predicate field) val)
+                  (cups-configuration-field-error
+                   (configuration-field-name field) val))))
+            fields))
+
+(define-syntax define-configuration
+  (lambda (stx)
+    (define (id ctx part . parts)
+      (let ((part (syntax->datum part)))
+        (datum->syntax
+         ctx
+         (match parts
+           (() part)
+           (parts (symbol-append part
+                                 (syntax->datum (apply id ctx parts))))))))
+    (syntax-case stx ()
+      ((_ stem (field (field-type def) doc) ...)
+       (with-syntax (((field-getter ...)
+                      (map (lambda (field)
+                             (id #'stem #'stem #'- field))
+                           #'(field ...)))
+                     ((field-predicate ...)
+                      (map (lambda (type)
+                             (id #'stem type #'?))
+                           #'(field-type ...)))
+                     ((field-serializer ...)
+                      (map (lambda (type)
+                             (id #'stem #'serialize- type))
+                           #'(field-type ...))))
+           #`(begin
+               (define-record-type* #,(id #'stem #'< #'stem #'>)
+                 #,(id #'stem #'% #'stem)
+                 #,(id #'stem #'make- #'stem)
+                 #,(id #'stem #'stem #'?)
+                 (field field-getter (default def))
+                 ...)
+               (define #,(id #'stem #'stem #'-fields)
+                 (list (configuration-field
+                        (name 'field)
+                        (type 'field-type)
+                        (getter field-getter)
+                        (predicate field-predicate)
+                        (serializer field-serializer)
+                        (default-value-thunk (lambda () def))
+                        (documentation doc))
+                       ...))
+               (define-syntax-rule (stem arg (... ...))
+                 (let ((conf (#,(id #'stem #'% #'stem) arg (... ...))))
+                   (validate-configuration conf
+                                           #,(id #'stem #'stem #'-fields))
+                   conf))))))))
+
+(define %cups-accounts
+  (list (user-group (name "lp") (system? #t))
+        (user-group (name "lpadmin") (system? #t))
+        (user-account
+         (name "lp")
+         (group "lp")
+         (system? #t)
+         (comment "System user for invoking printing helper programs")
+         (home-directory "/var/empty")
+         (shell (file-append shadow "/sbin/nologin")))))
+
+(define (uglify-field-name field-name)
+  (let ((str (symbol->string field-name)))
+    (string-concatenate
+     (map string-titlecase
+          (string-split (if (string-suffix? "?" str)
+                            (substring str 0 (1- (string-length str)))
+                            str)
+                        #\-)))))
+
+(define (serialize-field field-name val)
+  (format #t "~a ~a\n" (uglify-field-name field-name) val))
+
+(define (serialize-package field-name val)
+  #f)
+
+(define (serialize-string field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name val))
+
+(define (multiline-string-list? val)
+  (and (list? val)
+       (and-map (lambda (x)
+                  (and (string? x) (not (string-index x #\space))))
+                val)))
+(define (serialize-multiline-string-list field-name val)
+  (for-each (lambda (str) (serialize-field field-name str)) val))
+
+(define (space-separated-string-list? val)
+  (and (list? val)
+       (and-map (lambda (x)
+                  (and (string? x) (not (string-index x #\space))))
+                val)))
+(define (serialize-space-separated-string-list field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name (string-join val " ")))
+
+(define (space-separated-symbol-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map symbol? val)))
+(define (serialize-space-separated-symbol-list field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name (string-join (map symbol->string val) " ")))
+
+(define (file-name? val)
+  (and (string? val)
+       (string-prefix? "/" val)))
+(define (serialize-file-name field-name val)
+  (serialize-string field-name val))
+
+(define (serialize-boolean field-name val)
+  (serialize-string field-name (if val "yes" "no")))
+
+(define (non-negative-integer? val)
+  (and (exact-integer? val) (not (negative? val))))
+(define (serialize-non-negative-integer field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name val))
+
+(define-syntax define-enumerated-field-type
+  (lambda (x)
+    (define (id-append ctx . parts)
+      (datum->syntax ctx (apply symbol-append (map syntax->datum parts))))
+    (syntax-case x ()
+      ((_ name (option ...))
+       #`(begin
+           (define (#,(id-append #'name #'name #'?) x)
+             (memq x '(option ...)))
+           (define (#,(id-append #'name #'serialize- #'name) field-name val)
+             (serialize-field field-name val)))))))
+
+(define-enumerated-field-type access-log-level
+  (config actions all))
+(define-enumerated-field-type browse-local-protocols
+  (all dnssd none))
+(define-enumerated-field-type default-auth-type
+  (Basic Negotiate))
+(define-enumerated-field-type default-encryption
+  (Never IfRequested Required))
+(define-enumerated-field-type error-policy
+  (abort-job retry-job retry-this-job stop-printer))
+(define-enumerated-field-type log-level
+  (none emerg alert crit error warn notice info debug debug2))
+(define-enumerated-field-type log-time-format
+  (standard usecs))
+(define-enumerated-field-type server-tokens
+  (None ProductOnly Major Minor Minimal OS Full))
+(define-enumerated-field-type method
+  (DELETE GET HEAD OPTIONS POST PUT TRACE))
+(define-enumerated-field-type sandboxing
+  (relaxed strict))
+
+(define (method-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map method? val)))
+(define (serialize-method-list field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name (string-join (map symbol->string val) " ")))
+
+(define (host-name-lookups? val)
+  (memq val '(#f #t 'double)))
+(define (serialize-host-name-lookups field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name
+                   (match val (#f "No") (#t "Yes") ('double "Double"))))
+  
+(define (host-name-list-or-*? x)
+    (or (eq? x '*)
+        (and (list? x) (and-map string? x))))
+(define (serialize-host-name-list-or-* field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name (match val
+                                ('* '*)
+                                (names (string-join names " ")))))
+
+(define (boolean-or-non-negative-integer? x)
+  (or (boolean? x) (non-negative-integer? x)))
+(define (serialize-boolean-or-non-negative-integer field-name x)
+  (if (boolean? x)
+      (serialize-boolean field-name x)
+      (serialize-non-negative-integer field-name x)))
+
+(define (ssl-options? x)
+  (and (list? x)
+       (and-map (lambda (elt) (memq elt '(AllowRC4 AllowSSL3))) x)))
+(define (serialize-ssl-options field-name val)
+  (serialize-field field-name
+                   (match val
+                     (() "None")
+                     (opts (string-join (map symbol->string opts) " ")))))
+
+(define (serialize-access-control x)
+  (display x)
+  (newline))
+(define (serialize-access-control-list field-name val)
+  (for-each serialize-access-control val))
+(define (access-control-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map string? val)))
+
+(define-configuration operation-access-control
+  (operations
+   (space-separated-symbol-list '())
+   "IPP operations to which this access control applies.")
+  (access-controls
+   (access-control-list '())
+   "Access control directives, as a list of strings.  Each string should be 
one directive, such as \"Order allow,deny\"."))
+
+(define-configuration method-access-control
+  (reverse?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "If @code{#t}, apply access controls to all methods except the listed
+methods.  Otherwise apply to only the listed methods.")
+  (methods
+   (method-list '())
+   "Methods to which this access control applies.")
+  (access-controls
+   (access-control-list '())
+   "Access control directives, as a list of strings.  Each string should be 
one directive, such as \"Order allow,deny\"."))
+
+(define (serialize-operation-access-control x)
+  (format #t "<Limit ~a>\n"
+          (string-join (map symbol->string
+                            (operation-access-control-operations x)) " "))
+  (serialize-configuration
+   x
+   (filter (lambda (field)
+             (not (eq? (configuration-field-name field) 'operations)))
+           operation-access-control-fields))
+  (format #t "</Limit>\n"))
+
+(define (serialize-method-access-control x)
+  (let ((limit (if (method-access-control-reverse? x) "LimitExcept" "Limit")))
+    (format #t "<~a ~a>\n" limit
+            (string-join (map symbol->string
+                              (method-access-control-methods x)) " "))
+    (serialize-configuration
+     x
+     (filter (lambda (field)
+               (case (configuration-field-name field)
+                 ((reverse? methods) #f)
+                 (else #t)))
+             method-access-control-fields))
+    (format #t "</~a>\n" limit)))
+
+(define (operation-access-control-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map operation-access-control? val)))
+(define (serialize-operation-access-control-list field-name val)
+  (for-each serialize-operation-access-control val))
+
+(define (method-access-control-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map method-access-control? val)))
+(define (serialize-method-access-control-list field-name val)
+  (for-each serialize-method-access-control val))
+
+(define-configuration location-access-control
+  (path
+   (file-name (cups-configuration-missing-field 'location-access-control 
'path))
+   "Specifies the URI path to which the access control applies.")
+  (access-controls
+   (access-control-list '())
+   "Access controls for all access to this path, in the same format as the
+@code{access-controls} of @code{operation-access-control}.")
+  (method-access-controls
+   (method-access-control-list '())
+   "Access controls for method-specific access to this path."))
+
+(define (serialize-location-access-control x)
+  (format #t "<Location ~a>\n" (location-access-control-path x))
+  (serialize-configuration
+   x
+   (filter (lambda (field)
+             (not (eq? (configuration-field-name field) 'path)))
+           location-access-control-fields))
+  (format #t "</Location>\n"))
+
+(define (location-access-control-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map location-access-control? val)))
+(define (serialize-location-access-control-list field-name val)
+  (for-each serialize-location-access-control val))
+
+(define-configuration policy-configuration
+  (name
+   (string (cups-configuration-missing-field 'policy-configuration 'name))
+   "Name of the policy.")
+  (job-private-access
+   (string "@OWNER @SYSTEM")
+   "Specifies an access list for a job's private values.  @code{@@ACL} maps to
+the printer's requesting-user-name-allowed or requesting-user-name-denied
+values.  @code{@@OWNER} maps to the job's owner.  @code{@@SYSTEM} maps to the
+groups listed for the @code{system-group} field of the @code{files-config}
+configuration, which is reified into the @code{cups-files.conf(5)} file.
+Other possible elements of the access list include specific user names, and
+@code{@@@var{group}} to indicate members of a specific group.  The access list
+may also be simply @code{all} or @code{default}.")
+  (job-private-values
+   (string (string-join '("job-name" "job-originating-host-name"
+                          "job-originating-user-name" "phone")))
+   "Specifies the list of job values to make private, or @code{all},
+@code{default}, or @code{none}.")
+
+  (subscription-private-access
+   (string "@OWNER @SYSTEM")
+   "Specifies an access list for a subscription's private values.
+@code{@@ACL} maps to the printer's requesting-user-name-allowed or
+requesting-user-name-denied values.  @code{@@OWNER} maps to the job's owner.
+@code{@@SYSTEM} maps to the groups listed for the @code{system-group} field of
+the @code{files-config} configuration, which is reified into the
+@code{cups-files.conf(5)} file.  Other possible elements of the access list
+include specific user names, and @code{@@@var{group}} to indicate members of a
+specific group.  The access list may also be simply @code{all} or
+@code{default}.")
+  (subscription-private-values
+   (string (string-join '("notify-events" "notify-pull-method"
+                          "notify-recipient-uri" "notify-subscriber-user-name"
+                          "notify-user-data")
+                        " "))
+   "Specifies the list of job values to make private, or @code{all},
+@code{default}, or @code{none}.")
+
+  (access-controls
+   (operation-access-control-list '())
+   "Access control by IPP operation."))
+
+(define (serialize-policy-configuration x)
+  (format #t "<Policy ~a>\n" (policy-configuration-name x))
+  (serialize-configuration
+   x
+   (filter (lambda (field)
+             (not (eq? (configuration-field-name field) 'name)))
+           policy-configuration-fields))
+  (format #t "</Policy>\n"))
+
+(define (policy-configuration-list? x)
+  (and (list? x) (and-map policy-configuration? x)))
+(define (serialize-policy-configuration-list field-name x)
+  (for-each serialize-policy-configuration x))
+
+(define (log-location? x)
+  (or (file-name? x)
+      (eq? x 'stderr)
+      (eq? x 'syslog)))
+(define (serialize-log-location field-name x)
+  (if (string? x)
+      (serialize-file-name field-name x)
+      (serialize-field field-name x)))
+
+(define-configuration files-configuration
+  (access-log
+   (log-location "/var/log/cups/access_log")
+   "Defines the access log filename.  Specifying a blank filename disables
+access log generation.  The value @code{stderr} causes log entries to be sent
+to the standard error file when the scheduler is running in the foreground, or
+to the system log daemon when run in the background.  The value @code{syslog}
+causes log entries to be sent to the system log daemon.  The server name may
+be included in filenames using the string @code{%s}, as in
+@code{/var/log/cups/%s-access_log}.")
+  (cache-dir
+   (file-name "/var/cache/cups")
+   "Where CUPS should cache data.")
+  (config-file-perm
+   (string "0640")
+   "Specifies the permissions for all configuration files that the scheduler
+writes.
+
+Note that the permissions for the printers.conf file are currently masked to
+only allow access from the scheduler user (typically root).  This is done
+because printer device URIs sometimes contain sensitive authentication
+information that should not be generally known on the system.  There is no way
+to disable this security feature.")
+  ;; Not specifying data-dir and server-bin options as we handle these
+  ;; manually.  For document-root, the CUPS package has that path
+  ;; preconfigured.
+  (error-log
+   (log-location "/var/log/cups/error_log")
+   "Defines the error log filename.  Specifying a blank filename disables
+access log generation.  The value @code{stderr} causes log entries to be sent
+to the standard error file when the scheduler is running in the foreground, or
+to the system log daemon when run in the background.  The value @code{syslog}
+causes log entries to be sent to the system log daemon.  The server name may
+be included in filenames using the string @code{%s}, as in
+@code{/var/log/cups/%s-error_log}.")
+  (fatal-errors
+   (string "all -browse")
+   "Specifies which errors are fatal, causing the scheduler to exit.  The kind
+strings are:
+@table @code
+@item none
+No errors are fatal.
+@item all
+All of the errors below are fatal.
+@item browse
+Browsing initialization errors are fatal, for example failed connections to
+the DNS-SD daemon.
+@item config
+Configuration file syntax errors are fatal.
+@item listen
+Listen or Port errors are fatal, except for IPv6 failures on the loopback or
+@code{any} addresses.
+@item log
+Log file creation or write errors are fatal.
+@item permissions
+Bad startup file permissions are fatal, for example shared TLS certificate and
+key files with world-read permissions.
+@end table")
+  (file-device?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether the file pseudo-device can be used for new printer
+queues.  The URI @url{file:///dev/null} is always allowed.")
+  (group
+   (string "lp")
+   "Specifies the group name or ID that will be used when executing external
+programs.")
+  (log-file-perm
+   (string "0644")
+   "Specifies the permissions for all log files that the scheduler writes.")
+  (page-log
+   (log-location "/var/log/cups/page_log")
+   "Defines the page log filename.  Specifying a blank filename disables
+access log generation.  The value @code{stderr} causes log entries to be sent
+to the standard error file when the scheduler is running in the foreground, or
+to the system log daemon when run in the background.  The value @code{syslog}
+causes log entries to be sent to the system log daemon.  The server name may
+be included in filenames using the string @code{%s}, as in
+@code{/var/log/cups/%s-page_log}.")
+  (remote-root
+   (string "remroot")
+   "Specifies the username that is associated with unauthenticated accesses by
+clients claiming to be the root user.  The default is @code{remroot}.")
+  (request-root
+   (file-name "/var/spool/cups")
+   "Specifies the directory that contains print jobs and other HTTP request
+data.")
+  (sandboxing
+   (sandboxing 'strict)
+   "Specifies the level of security sandboxing that is applied to print
+filters, backends, and other child processes of the scheduler; either
+@code{relaxed} or @code{strict}.  This directive is currently only
+used/supported on macOS.")
+  (server-keychain
+   (file-name "/etc/cups/ssl")
+   "Specifies the location of TLS certificates and private keys.  CUPS will
+look for public and private keys in this directory: a @code{.crt} files for
+PEM-encoded certificates and corresponding @code{.key} files for PEM-encoded
+private keys.")
+  (server-root
+   (file-name "/etc/cups")
+   "Specifies the directory containing the server configuration files.")
+  (sync-on-close?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether the scheduler calls fsync(2) after writing configuration
+or state files.")
+  (system-group
+   (space-separated-string-list '("lpadmin" "wheel" "root"))
+   "Specifies the group(s) to use for @code{@@SYSTEM} group authentication.")
+  (temp-dir
+   (file-name "/var/spool/cups/tmp")
+   "Specifies the directory where temporary files are stored.")
+  (user
+   (string "lp")
+   "Specifies the user name or ID that is used when running external
+programs."))
+
+(define (serialize-files-configuration field-name val)
+  #f)
+
+(define (environment-variables? vars)
+  (space-separated-string-list? vars))
+(define (serialize-environment-variables field-name vars)
+  (unless (null? vars)
+    (serialize-space-separated-string-list field-name vars)))
+
+(define (package-list? val)
+  (and (list? val) (and-map package? val)))
+(define (serialize-package-list field-name val)
+  #f)
+
+(define-configuration cups-configuration
+  (cups
+   (package cups)
+   "The CUPS package.")
+  (extensions
+   (package-list (list cups-filters))
+   "Drivers and other extensions to the CUPS package.")
+  (files-configuration
+   (files-configuration (files-configuration))
+   "Configuration of where to write logs, what directories to use for print
+spools, and related privileged configuration parameters.")
+  (access-log-level
+   (access-log-level 'actions)
+   "Specifies the logging level for the AccessLog file.  The @code{config}
+level logs when printers and classes are added, deleted, or modified and when
+configuration files are accessed or updated.  The @code{actions} level logs
+when print jobs are submitted, held, released, modified, or canceled, and any
+of the conditions for @code{config}.  The @code{all} level logs all
+requests.")
+  (auto-purge-jobs?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether to purge job history data automatically when it is no
+longer required for quotas.")
+  (browse-local-protocols
+   (browse-local-protocols 'dnssd)
+   "Specifies which protocols to use for local printer sharing.")
+  (browse-web-if?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether the CUPS web interface is advertised.")
+  (browsing?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether shared printers are advertised.")
+  (classification
+   (string "")
+   "Specifies the security classification of the server.
+Any valid banner name can be used, including \"classified\", \"confidential\",
+\"secret\", \"topsecret\", and \"unclassified\", or the banner can be omitted
+to disable secure printing functions.")
+  (classify-override?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether users may override the classification (cover page) of
+individual print jobs using the @code{job-sheets} option.")
+  (default-auth-type
+    (default-auth-type 'Basic)
+    "Specifies the default type of authentication to use.")
+  (default-encryption
+    (default-encryption 'Required)
+    "Specifies whether encryption will be used for authenticated requests.")
+  (default-language
+    (string "en")
+    "Specifies the default language to use for text and web content.")
+  (default-paper-size
+    (string "Auto")
+    "Specifies the default paper size for new print queues.  @samp{\"Auto\"}
+uses a locale-specific default, while @samp{\"None\"} specifies there is no
+default paper size.  Specific size names are typically @samp{\"Letter\"} or
+@samp{\"A4\"}.")
+  (default-policy
+    (string "default")
+    "Specifies the default access policy to use.")
+  (default-shared?
+    (boolean #t)
+    "Specifies whether local printers are shared by default.")
+  (dirty-clean-interval
+   (non-negative-integer 30)
+   "Specifies the delay for updating of configuration and state files, in
+seconds.  A value of 0 causes the update to happen as soon as possible,
+typically within a few milliseconds.")
+  (error-policy
+   (error-policy 'stop-printer)
+   "Specifies what to do when an error occurs.  Possible values are
+@code{abort-job}, which will discard the failed print job; @code{retry-job},
+which will retry the job at a later time; @code{retry-this-job}, which retries
+the failed job immediately; and @code{stop-printer}, which stops the
+printer.")
+  (filter-limit
+   (non-negative-integer 0)
+   "Specifies the maximum cost of filters that are run concurrently, which can
+be used to minimize disk, memory, and CPU resource problems.  A limit of 0
+disables filter limiting.  An average print to a non-PostScript printer needs
+a filter limit of about 200.  A PostScript printer needs about half
+that (100).  Setting the limit below these thresholds will effectively limit
+the scheduler to printing a single job at any time.")
+  (filter-nice
+   (non-negative-integer 0)
+   "Specifies the scheduling priority of filters that are run to print a job.
+The nice value ranges from 0, the highest priority, to 19, the lowest
+priority.")
+  ;; Add this option if the package is built with Kerberos support.
+  ;; (gss-service-name
+  ;;  (string "http")
+  ;;  "Specifies the service name when using Kerberos authentication.")
+  (host-name-lookups
+   (host-name-lookups #f)
+   "Specifies whether to do reverse lookups on connecting clients.
+The @code{double} setting causes @code{cupsd} to verify that the hostname
+resolved from the address matches one of the addresses returned for that
+hostname.  Double lookups also prevent clients with unregistered addresses
+from connecting to your server.  Only set this option to @code{#t} or
+@code{double} if absolutely required.")
+  ;; Add this option if the package is built with launchd/systemd support.
+  ;;   (idle-exit-timeout
+  ;;    (non-negative-integer 60)
+  ;;    "Specifies the length of time to wait before shutting down due to
+  ;; inactivity.  Note: Only applicable when @code{cupsd} is run on-demand
+  ;; (e.g., with @code{-l}).")
+  (job-kill-delay
+   (non-negative-integer 30)
+   "Specifies the number of seconds to wait before killing the filters and
+backend associated with a canceled or held job.")
+  (job-retry-interval
+   (non-negative-integer 30)
+   "Specifies the interval between retries of jobs in seconds.  This is
+typically used for fax queues but can also be used with normal print queues
+whose error policy is @code{retry-job} or @code{retry-current-job}.")
+  (job-retry-limit
+   (non-negative-integer 5)
+   "Specifies the number of retries that are done for jobs.  This is typically
+used for fax queues but can also be used with normal print queues whose error
+policy is @code{retry-job} or @code{retry-current-job}.")
+  (keep-alive?
+   (boolean #t)
+   "Specifies whether to support HTTP keep-alive connections.")
+  (keep-alive-timeout
+   (non-negative-integer 30)
+   "Specifies how long an idle client connection remains open, in seconds.")
+  (limit-request-body
+   (non-negative-integer 0)
+   "Specifies the maximum size of print files, IPP requests, and HTML form
+data.  A limit of 0 disables the limit check.")
+  (listen
+   (multiline-string-list '("localhost:631" "/var/run/cups/cups.sock"))
+   "Listens on the specified interfaces for connections.  Valid values are of
+the form @var{address}:@var{port}, where @var{address} is either an IPv6
+address enclosed in brackets, an IPv4 address, or @code{*} to indicate all
+addresses.  Values can also be file names of local UNIX domain sockets.  The
+Listen directive is similar to the Port directive but allows you to restrict
+access to specific interfaces or networks.")
+  (listen-back-log
+   (non-negative-integer 128)
+   "Specifies the number of pending connections that will be allowed.  This
+normally only affects very busy servers that have reached the MaxClients
+limit, but can also be triggered by large numbers of simultaneous connections.
+When the limit is reached, the operating system will refuse additional
+connections until the scheduler can accept the pending ones.")
+  (location-access-controls
+   (location-access-control-list
+    (list (location-access-control
+           (path "/")
+           (access-controls '("Order allow,deny"
+                              "Allow localhost")))
+          (location-access-control
+           (path "/admin")
+           (access-controls '("Order allow,deny"
+                              "Allow localhost")))
+          (location-access-control
+           (path "/admin/conf")
+           (access-controls '("Order allow,deny"
+                              "AuthType Basic"
+                              "Require user @SYSTEM"
+                              "Allow localhost")))))
+   "Specifies a set of additional access controls.")
+  (log-debug-history
+   (non-negative-integer 100)
+   "Specifies the number of debugging messages that are retained for logging
+if an error occurs in a print job.  Debug messages are logged regardless of
+the LogLevel setting.")
+  (log-level
+   (log-level 'info)
+   "Specifies the level of logging for the ErrorLog file.  The value
+@code{none} stops all logging while @code{debug2} logs everything.")
+  (log-time-format
+   (log-time-format 'standard)
+   "Specifies the format of the date and time in the log files.  The value
+@code{standard} logs whole seconds while @code{usecs} logs microseconds.")
+  (max-clients
+   (non-negative-integer 100)
+   "Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous clients that are allowed by
+the scheduler.")
+  (max-clients-per-host
+   (non-negative-integer 100)
+   "Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous clients that are allowed from
+a single address.")
+  (max-copies
+   (non-negative-integer 9999)
+   "Specifies the maximum number of copies that a user can print of each
+job.")
+  (max-hold-time
+   (non-negative-integer 0)
+   "Specifies the maximum time a job may remain in the @code{indefinite} hold
+state before it is canceled.  A value of 0 disables cancellation of held
+jobs.")
+  (max-jobs
+   (non-negative-integer 500)
+   "Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous jobs that are allowed.  Set
+to 0 to allow an unlimited number of jobs.")
+  (max-jobs-per-printer
+   (non-negative-integer 0)
+   "Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous jobs that are allowed per
+printer.  A value of 0 allows up to MaxJobs jobs per printer.")
+  (max-jobs-per-user
+   (non-negative-integer 0)
+   "Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous jobs that are allowed per
+user.  A value of 0 allows up to MaxJobs jobs per user.")
+  (max-job-time
+   (non-negative-integer 10800)
+   "Specifies the maximum time a job may take to print before it is canceled,
+in seconds.  Set to 0 to disable cancellation of \"stuck\" jobs.")
+  (max-log-size
+   (non-negative-integer 1048576)
+   "Specifies the maximum size of the log files before they are rotated, in
+bytes.  The value 0 disables log rotation.")
+  (multiple-operation-timeout
+   (non-negative-integer 300)
+   "Specifies the maximum amount of time to allow between files in a multiple
+file print job, in seconds.")
+  (page-log-format
+   (string "")
+   "Specifies the format of PageLog lines.  Sequences beginning with
+percent (@samp{%}) characters are replaced with the corresponding information,
+while all other characters are copied literally.  The following percent
+sequences are recognized:
+
+@table @samp
+@item %%
+insert a single percent character
+@item %@{name@}
+insert the value of the specified IPP attribute
+@item %C
+insert the number of copies for the current page
+@item %P
+insert the current page number
+@item %T
+insert the current date and time in common log format
+@item %j
+insert the job ID
+@item %p
+insert the printer name
+@item %u
+insert the username
+@end table
+
+A value of the empty string disables page logging.  The string @code{%p %u %j
+%T %P %C %@{job-billing@} %@{job-originating-host-name@} %@{job-name@}
+%@{media@} %@{sides@}} creates a page log with the standard items.")
+  (environment-variables
+   (environment-variables '())
+   "Passes the specified environment variable(s) to child processes; a list of
+strings.")
+  (policies
+   (policy-configuration-list
+    (list (policy-configuration
+           (name "default")
+           (access-controls
+            (list
+             (operation-access-control
+              (operations
+               '(Send-Document
+                 Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs
+                 Cancel-Job Close-Job Cancel-My-Jobs Set-Job-Attributes
+                 Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription
+                 Cancel-Subscription Get-Notifications
+                 Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job
+                 Resume-Job CUPS-Move-Job Validate-Job
+                 CUPS-Get-Document))
+              (access-controls '("Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM"
+                                 "Order deny,allow")))
+             (operation-access-control
+              (operations
+               '(Pause-Printer
+                 Cancel-Jobs
+                 Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer
+                 Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job
+                 Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs Deactivate-Printer
+                 Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer
+                 Startup-Printer Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After
+                 CUPS-Authenticate-Job CUPS-Add-Printer
+                 CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class CUPS-Delete-Class
+                 CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default))
+              (access-controls '("AuthType Basic"
+                                 "Require user @SYSTEM"
+                                 "Order deny,allow")))
+             (operation-access-control
+              (operations '(All))
+              (access-controls '("Order deny,allow"))))))))
+   "Specifies named access control policies.")
+  #;
+  (port
+   (non-negative-integer 631)
+   "Listens to the specified port number for connections.")
+  (preserve-job-files
+   (boolean-or-non-negative-integer 86400)
+   "Specifies whether job files (documents) are preserved after a job is
+printed.  If a numeric value is specified, job files are preserved for the
+indicated number of seconds after printing.  Otherwise a boolean value applies
+indefinitely.")
+  (preserve-job-history
+   (boolean-or-non-negative-integer #t)
+   "Specifies whether the job history is preserved after a job is printed.
+If a numeric value is specified, the job history is preserved for the
+indicated number of seconds after printing.  If @code{#t}, the job history is
+preserved until the MaxJobs limit is reached.")
+  (reload-timeout
+   (non-negative-integer 30)
+   "Specifies the amount of time to wait for job completion before restarting
+the scheduler.")
+  (rip-cache
+   (string "128m")
+   "Specifies the maximum amount of memory to use when converting documents 
into bitmaps for a printer.")
+  (server-admin
+   (string "root@localhost.localdomain")
+   "Specifies the email address of the server administrator.")
+  (server-alias
+   (host-name-list-or-* '*)
+   "The ServerAlias directive is used for HTTP Host header validation when
+clients connect to the scheduler from external interfaces.  Using the special
+name @code{*} can expose your system to known browser-based DNS rebinding
+attacks, even when accessing sites through a firewall.  If the auto-discovery
+of alternate names does not work, we recommend listing each alternate name
+with a ServerAlias directive instead of using @code{*}.")
+  (server-name
+   (string "localhost")
+   "Specifies the fully-qualified host name of the server.")
+  (server-tokens
+   (server-tokens 'Minimal)
+   "Specifies what information is included in the Server header of HTTP
+responses.  @code{None} disables the Server header.  @code{ProductOnly}
+reports @code{CUPS}.  @code{Major} reports @code{CUPS 2}.  @code{Minor}
+reports @code{CUPS 2.0}.  @code{Minimal} reports @code{CUPS 2.0.0}.  @code{OS}
+reports @code{CUPS 2.0.0 (@var{uname})} where @var{uname} is the output of the
+@code{uname} command.  @code{Full} reports @code{CUPS 2.0.0 (@var{uname})
+IPP/2.0}.")
+  (set-env
+   (string "variable value")
+   "Set the specified environment variable to be passed to child processes.")
+  (ssl-listen
+   (multiline-string-list '())
+   "Listens on the specified interfaces for encrypted connections.  Valid
+values are of the form @var{address}:@var{port}, where @var{address} is either
+an IPv6 address enclosed in brackets, an IPv4 address, or @code{*} to indicate
+all addresses.")
+  (ssl-options
+   (ssl-options '())
+   "Sets encryption options.
+By default, CUPS only supports encryption using TLS v1.0 or higher using known
+secure cipher suites.  The @code{AllowRC4} option enables the 128-bit RC4
+cipher suites, which are required for some older clients that do not implement
+newer ones.  The @code{AllowSSL3} option enables SSL v3.0, which is required
+for some older clients that do not support TLS v1.0.")
+  #;
+  (ssl-port
+   (non-negative-integer 631)
+   "Listens on the specified port for encrypted connections.")
+  (strict-conformance?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether the scheduler requires clients to strictly adhere to the
+IPP specifications.")
+  (timeout
+   (non-negative-integer 300)
+   "Specifies the HTTP request timeout, in seconds.")
+  (web-interface?
+   (boolean #f)
+   "Specifies whether the web interface is enabled."))
+
+(define-configuration opaque-cups-configuration
+  (cups
+   (package cups)
+   "The CUPS package.")
+  (extensions
+   (package-list '())
+   "Drivers and other extensions to the CUPS package.")
+  (cupsd.conf
+   (string (cups-configuration-missing-field 'opaque-cups-configuration
+                                             'cupsd.conf))
+   "The contents of the @code{cupsd.conf} to use.")
+  (cups-files.conf
+   (string (cups-configuration-missing-field 'opaque-cups-configuration
+                                             'cups-files.conf))
+   "The contents of the @code{cups-files.conf} to use."))
+
+(define %cups-activation
+  ;; Activation gexp.
+  (with-imported-modules '((guix build utils))
+    #~(begin
+        (define (mkdir-p/perms directory owner perms)
+          (mkdir-p directory)
+          (chown "/var/run/cups" (passwd:uid owner) (passwd:gid owner))
+          (chmod directory perms))
+        (define (build-subject parameters)
+          (string-concatenate
+           (map (lambda (pair)
+                  (let ((k (car pair)) (v (cdr pair)))
+                    (define (escape-char str chr)
+                      (string-join (string-split str chr) (string #\\ chr)))
+                    (string-append "/" k "="
+                                   (escape-char (escape-char v #\=) #\/))))
+                (filter (lambda (pair) (cdr pair)) parameters))))
+        (define* (create-self-signed-certificate-if-absent
+                  #:key private-key public-key (owner (getpwnam "root"))
+                  (common-name (gethostname))
+                  (organization-name "GuixSD")
+                  (organization-unit-name "Default Self-Signed Certificate")
+                  (subject-parameters `(("CN" . ,common-name)
+                                        ("O" . ,organization-name)
+                                        ("OU" . ,organization-unit-name)))
+                  (subject (build-subject subject-parameters)))
+          ;; Note that by default, OpenSSL outputs keys in PEM format.  This
+          ;; is what we want.
+          (unless (file-exists? private-key)
+            (cond
+             ((zero? (system* (string-append #$openssl "/bin/openssl")
+                              "genrsa" "-out" private-key "2048"))
+              (chown private-key (passwd:uid owner) (passwd:gid owner))
+              (chmod private-key #o400))
+             (else
+              (format (current-error-port)
+                      "Failed to create private key at ~a.\n" private-key))))
+          (unless (file-exists? public-key)
+            (cond
+             ((zero? (system* (string-append #$openssl "/bin/openssl")
+                              "req" "-new" "-x509" "-key" private-key
+                              "-out" public-key "-days" "3650"
+                              "-batch" "-subj" subject))
+              (chown public-key (passwd:uid owner) (passwd:gid owner))
+              (chmod public-key #o444))
+             (else
+              (format (current-error-port)
+                      "Failed to create public key at ~a.\n" public-key)))))
+        (let ((user (getpwnam "lp")))
+          (mkdir-p/perms "/var/run/cups" user #o755)
+          (mkdir-p/perms "/var/spool/cups" user #o755)
+          (mkdir-p/perms "/var/spool/cups/tmp" user #o755)
+          (mkdir-p/perms "/var/log/cups" user #o755)
+          (mkdir-p/perms "/etc/cups" user #o755)
+          (mkdir-p/perms "/etc/cups/ssl" user #o700)
+          ;; This certificate is used for HTTPS connections to the CUPS web
+          ;; interface.
+          (create-self-signed-certificate-if-absent
+           #:private-key "/etc/cups/ssl/localhost.key"
+           #:public-key "/etc/cups/ssl/localhost.crt"
+           #:owner (getpwnam "root")
+           #:common-name (format #f "CUPS service on ~a" (gethostname)))))))
+
+(define (union-directory name packages paths)
+  (computed-file
+   name
+   (with-imported-modules '((guix build utils))
+     #~(begin
+         (use-modules (guix build utils)
+                      (srfi srfi-1))
+         (mkdir #$output)
+         (for-each
+          (lambda (package)
+            (for-each
+             (lambda (path)
+               (for-each
+                (lambda (src)
+                  (let* ((tail (substring src (string-length package)))
+                         (dst (string-append #$output tail)))
+                    (mkdir-p (dirname dst))
+                    ;; CUPS currently symlinks in some data from cups-filters
+                    ;; to its output dir.  Probably we should stop doing this
+                    ;; and instead rely only on the CUPS service to union the
+                    ;; relevant set of CUPS packages.
+                    (if (file-exists? dst)
+                        (format (current-error-port) "warning: ~a exists\n" 
dst)
+                        (symlink src dst))))
+                (find-files (string-append package path))))
+             (list #$@paths)))
+          (list #$@packages))
+         #t))))
+
+(define (cups-server-bin-directory extensions)
+  "Return the CUPS ServerBin directory, containing binaries for CUPS and all
+extensions that it uses."
+  (union-directory "cups-server-bin" extensions
+                   ;; /bin
+                   '("/lib/cups" "/share/ppd" "/share/cups")))
+
+(define (cups-shepherd-service config)
+  "Return a list of <shepherd-service> for CONFIG."
+  (let* ((cupsd.conf-str
+          (cond
+           ((opaque-cups-configuration? config)
+            (opaque-cups-configuration-cupsd.conf config))
+           (else
+            (with-output-to-string
+              (lambda ()
+                (serialize-configuration config
+                                         cups-configuration-fields))))))
+         (cups-files.conf-str
+          (cond
+           ((opaque-cups-configuration? config)
+            (opaque-cups-configuration-cups-files.conf config))
+           (else
+            (with-output-to-string
+              (lambda ()
+                (serialize-configuration
+                 (cups-configuration-files-configuration config)
+                 files-configuration-fields))))))
+         (cups (if (opaque-cups-configuration? config)
+                   (opaque-cups-configuration-cups config)
+                   (cups-configuration-cups config)))
+         (server-bin
+          (cups-server-bin-directory
+           (cons cups
+                 (cond
+                  ((opaque-cups-configuration? config)
+                   (opaque-cups-configuration-extensions config))
+                  (else
+                   (cups-configuration-extensions config))))))
+         ;;"SetEnv PATH " server-bin "/bin" "\n"
+         (cupsd.conf
+          (plain-file "cupsd.conf" cupsd.conf-str))
+         (cups-files.conf
+          (mixed-text-file
+           "cups-files.conf"
+           cups-files.conf-str
+           "CacheDir /var/cache/cups\n"
+           "StateDir /var/run/cups\n"
+           "DataDir " server-bin "/share/cups" "\n"
+           "ServerBin " server-bin "/lib/cups" "\n")))
+    (list (shepherd-service
+           (documentation "Run the CUPS print server.")
+           (provision '(cups))
+           (requirement '(networking))
+           (start #~(make-forkexec-constructor
+                     (list (string-append #$cups "/sbin/cupsd")
+                           "-f" "-c" #$cupsd.conf "-s" #$cups-files.conf)))
+           (stop #~(make-kill-destructor))))))
+
+(define cups-service-type
+  (service-type (name 'cups)
+                (extensions
+                 (list (service-extension shepherd-root-service-type
+                                          cups-shepherd-service)
+                       (service-extension activation-service-type
+                                          (const %cups-activation))
+                       (service-extension account-service-type
+                                          (const %cups-accounts))))
+
+                ;; Extensions consist of lists of packages (representing CUPS
+                ;; drivers, etc) that we just concatenate.
+                (compose append)
+
+                ;; Add extension packages by augmenting the cups-configuration
+                ;; 'extensions' field.
+                (extend
+                 (lambda (config extensions)
+                   (cond
+                    ((cups-configuration? config)
+                     (cups-configuration
+                      (inherit config)
+                      (extensions
+                       (append (cups-configuration-extensions config)
+                               extensions))))
+                    (else
+                     (opaque-cups-configuration
+                      (inherit config)
+                      (extensions
+                       (append (opaque-cups-configuration-extensions config)
+                               extensions)))))))))
+
+;; A little helper to make it easier to document all those fields.
+(define (generate-documentation)
+  (define documentation
+    `((cups-configuration
+       ,cups-configuration-fields
+       (files-configuration files-configuration)
+       (policies policy-configuration)
+       (location-access-controls location-access-controls))
+      (files-configuration ,files-configuration-fields)
+      (policy-configuration
+       ,policy-configuration-fields
+       (operation-access-controls operation-access-controls))
+      (location-access-controls
+       ,location-access-control-fields
+       (method-access-controls method-access-controls))
+      (operation-access-controls ,operation-access-control-fields)
+      (method-access-controls ,method-access-control-fields)))
+  (define (str x) (object->string x))
+  (define (generate configuration-name)
+    (match (assq-ref documentation configuration-name)
+      ((fields . sub-documentation)
+       `((para "Available " (code ,(str configuration-name)) " fields are:")
+         ,@(map
+            (lambda (f)
+              (let ((field-name (configuration-field-name f))
+                    (field-type (configuration-field-type f))
+                    (field-docs (cdr (texi-fragment->stexi
+                                      (configuration-field-documentation f))))
+                    (default (catch #t
+                               (configuration-field-default-value-thunk f)
+                               (lambda _ '%invalid))))
+                (define (show-default? val)
+                  (or (string? default) (number? default) (boolean? default)
+                      (and (symbol? val) (not (eq? val '%invalid)))
+                      (and (list? val) (and-map show-default? val))))
+                `(deftypevr (% (category
+                                (code ,(str configuration-name)) " parameter")
+                               (data-type ,(str field-type))
+                               (name ,(str field-name)))
+                   ,@field-docs
+                   ,@(if (show-default? default)
+                         `((para "Defaults to " (samp ,(str default)) "."))
+                         '())
+                   ,@(append-map
+                      generate
+                      (or (assq-ref sub-documentation field-name) '())))))
+            fields)))))
+  (stexi->texi `(*fragment* . ,(generate 'cups-configuration))))

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