WW News Service Digest #379

 1) A Centuty of Ruling Class Romps
    by wwnews
 2) Bloomberg Brings Master Spy to NYPD
    by wwnews
 3) Enron & Monopoly Capitalism
    by wwnews

From: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> (wwnews)
Date: torstai 31. tammikuu 2002 09:19
Subject: [WW]  A Centuty of Ruling Class Romps

Via Workers World News Service
Reprinted from the Feb. 7, 2002
issue of Workers World newspaper


By Heather Cottin
New York

The arrogance of the ruling class is boundless. While
increasing numbers of people in this city are forced to
depend on soup kitchens and food pantries to stay alive, the
leaders of the world capitalist system will be plotting and
partying at the elegant Waldorf-Astoria hotel. They will be
following a long tradition begun by their class.

In the Gilded Age--the late 19th century--the Rockefellers,
Carnegies, Belmonts, Morgans and other ruling-class families
attended extravagant balls at the original Waldorf, then
located on Fifth Avenue and 34th Street.

At one party, according to author Matthew Josephson in "The
Robber Barons," the men were given cigarettes wrapped in
$100 bills and the women received 14-karat gold bracelets as
favors. There was a terrible economic depression in the
period between 1890 and 1900. The annual amount necessary
for a family to live was about $500, according to the
"Historical Statistics of the U.S." In minutes, these
industrialists and bankers smoked up what amounted to one-
fifth of a family's yearly survival.

One night in 1897, at the depth of another economic
depression, one of the fabulously wealthy men of the age,
Bradley Martin, had the entire lobby of the Waldorf-Astoria
transformed into a Hall of Mirrors like that in the French
monarchy's palace in Versailles. August Belmont wore a suit
of armor marked with gold inlay worth $10,000. Women wore
beautiful and expensive jewels as if they were corsages.
(From "Protestantism in America: A Narrative History," by
Jerald C. Brauer)

The ruling rich, then as now, were aware of the poverty
running rampant through the cities and the poverty that was
forcing thousands of farmers off their land. They were the
cause of it all. How did the wealthy elite show their
sympathy for the plight of the workers? By throwing what
they called "poverty socials."

A Western millionaire had the ballroom in his home decorated
as a hobo camp and his ruling-class guests came in rags and
tatters. It cost $14,000 to serve them "hobo stew" on wooden
plates. The cost of the party was roughly equal to what it
would have cost to feed, house, clothe and provide for 2,800
families for a year.

But as the economy declined, working people, immigrants and
farmers joined together against the banks, the corporations--
the system workers called "wage slavery." Populist leader
Mary Lease thundered to a crowd in Kansas in 1890, "Wall
Street owns the country. It is no longer a government of the
people, by the people and for the people, but a government
of Wall Street, by Wall Street and for Wall Street."


The city of New York paid the Astor family $17 million for
the land under the original Waldorf-Astoria. The Empire
State Building was later constructed on the former site of
the hotel. The new Waldorf-Astoria was opened at its present
location--with much ceremony as a playground for the ruling
classes--in 1931 during the Great Depression.

Now the Waldorf-Astoria is host to a new generation of
Robber Barons with their global view of manifest destiny.
Today's ruling class created the World Trade Organization to
assure their global dominance of capital over labor.

But they are not like the bourgeoisie of the late 19th
century who were mainly concerned with owning the means of
production in the United States.

These modern-day capitalists are meeting now to plan for
further global plunder. They have completed the conquest of
the world planned by the Robber Barons of the late 19th
century. But, like the capitalists of the late 19th century
and the 1930s, they are worried. And for good reason.

As the capitalist financiers, corporate moguls and paid
policy wonks skulk around the Waldorf-Astoria, they know
that the economic crises of the late 19th century have
multiplied exponentially. The system is foundering and the
World Economic Forum has no idea how to save it.

The rich may feel secure in the Waldorf-Astoria. With police
between them and the angry protesters outside, they may
believe that the horrors of poverty, unemployment, hunger,
disease and the myriad ravages of capitalism will be forever
accepted by the workers and oppressed peoples of the world.

They may think that their armies can help them maintain
control of a world capitalist system that the imperialists
of the late 19th century could only imagine. They may
believe they can wage endless war and workers everywhere
will accept it.

But if they look outside the Waldorf-Astoria, they will see
that their world is crumbling. From Allentown to Zimbabwe,
working and oppressed people are growing wise to the
machinations of these World Economic Felons, who have stolen
the resources and land and made the lives of the people in
every corner of the world miserable.

A truly international working class now confronts the
imperialist ruling class.

- END -

(Copyright Workers World Service: Everyone is permitted to
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From: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> (wwnews)
Date: torstai 31. tammikuu 2002 09:19
Subject: [WW]  Bloomberg Brings Master Spy to NYPD

Via Workers World News Service
Reprinted from the Feb. 7, 2002
issue of Workers World newspaper


By Greg Butterfield
New York

On Jan. 24, with the blessing of billionaire Mayor Michael
Bloomberg, New York Police Commissioner Ray Kelly appointed
ex-CIA spy chief David Cohen to the new post of deputy
commissioner of intelligence. Cohen served in the CIA for 35
years and was director of operations from 1995 to 1997,
overseeing a broad expansion of covert operations.

Kelly told the media that Cohen's appointment signaled a
"new emphasis on investigating terrorism, international
crime, drug trafficking and money laundering, as well as
sharing information with the CIA, the Federal Bureau of
Investigation and other law enforcement agencies around the
country and the world." (New York Times, Jan. 25)

"We've had a good intelligence division for many years,"
Kelly said, "but they are police officers. Now, in the wake
of Sept. 11, I think we need a total professional in that

The NYPD's intelligence division is what used to be called
the "red squad." In recent years the division's scope has
expanded to target immigrants, labor unions and community
organizations, as well as progressive and revolutionary
groups believed to be a threat to capitalist interests.

Cohen said the NYPD could infiltrate "terrorist cells, the
way it sometimes infiltrates drug gangs and the Mafia."

One week earlier, on Jan. 16, Kelly appointed former Marine
Brig. Gen. Frank Libutti as deputy commissioner of counter-
terrorism. Libutti had previously assisted in setting up the
Bush administration's Office of Homeland Defense. In 1992-
1993, Libutti played a key role in the Pentagon invasion of

It's hard to imagine the appointment of two high-ranking
federal operatives to a city police department without the
direct involvement of the Pentagon and the Bush White House.

And what of media mogul Bloomberg? He spent nearly $75
million of his fortune to win the 2001 mayoral election.
(Associated Press, Jan. 23)

Since taking office Jan. 1, the new Republican mayor has
been playing "good cop"-appointing Democrats to his cabinet
and reaching out to African American politicians, labor
unions and other groups that were shut out of City Hall for
the eight years of Rudolph Giuliani's reign.

But Bloomberg's affirmation of Cohen and Libutti speaks
volumes about his real agenda as Wall Street's man in City


Will New Yorkers be able to breathe easier with Cohen and
Libutti in town? Here's a hint: Better take a deep breath.

Police Commissioner Kelly called Cohen a "total
professional." What is Cohen's area of professional
expertise? Falsification to justify repression against

According to CIA-agent-turned-whistle-blower Ralph McGehee,
"David Cohen is on record by even a CIA internal
investigation of gross manipulation of intelligence to
support policy." ("CIA's War On Islam Part II," Nov. 24,

Cohen's long and checkered career began with Vietnam, says
McGehee. He generated reports overestimating the likelihood
of a U.S. victory to aid those in Washington who wanted to
prolong the war.

Cohen turned up in Europe in the late 1970s and 1980s, where
he participated in Rome's and Washington's war against the
Italian left and the Cold War against the socialist bloc.

"As a senior Intelligence Directorate Officer he directed
the April 1985 assessment claiming KGB involvement in Ali
Agca's 1981 attempt to assassinate Pope John Paul II,"
McGehee wrote. "The report was so biased that the CIA itself
criticized it in its July 1985 'Cowey Report.'" ("FBI vs.
CIA Abroad," Aug. 23, 1996)

And what of Brig. Gen. Libutti? In Somalia he served as a
liaison between the Pentagon and Big Oil companies like
Conoco, which had contracts to divvy up that African
country's natural wealth before a civil war interfered with
their plans. These companies desperately wanted- and still
want-to see a compliant, pro-U.S. puppet regime installed in

An article in the Jan. 18, 1993, Los Angeles Times reported:
"In its in-house magazine last month, Conoco reprinted
excerpts from a letter of commendation for [Conoco
executive] Marchand written by U.S. Marine Brig. Gen. Frank
Libutti, who has been acting as military aid to U.S. envoy
Robert B. Oakley. In the letter, Libutti praised the oil
official for his role in the initial operation to land
Marines on Mogadishu's beaches in December ..."

U.S. forces reportedly killed some 10,000 Somalis during the
occupation. The troops were driven out by a mass uprising of
women, men and children in the capital.


Libutti and Cohen's arrival here coincides with the NYPD's
mobilization against protests at the World Economic Forum
meeting from Jan. 31-Feb. 4.

Since the WEF's meeting was announced last fall, police
officials have been on a global junket, visiting Davos,
Genoa, Seattle and other cities where cops have provoked
clashes with anti-capitalist, anti-globalization activists.
Local television broadcasts have shown police in body armor
"practicing" for a battle.

Protest organizers, including the International ANSWER
coalition, say they are planning militant, peaceful
demonstrations outside the meeting. They warn that all the
hype about violence can be to set the stage for police
violence against unarmed protesters.

The same day spymaster Cohen was installed at Police Plaza,
a Dominican worker was shot dead by cops in Washington
Heights, a predominately Latino neighborhood. Police claimed
that repair worker Juan Mendez was carrying a sawed-off
shotgun and fled when plainclothes cops approached him. But
not one person-witnesses or police-has said that Mendez
threatened anyone. The cops chased Mendez into a parking
garage, and shot him through the heart.

A week earlier-on the same day Kelly appointed Libutti-cops
shot and killed a Haitian man, Georgy Louisgene, in
Brooklyn. They said they shot the young pharmacy worker
because he was "acting erratically" and refused to drop a
carving knife and stick.

The NYPD's message seems clear: Rudolph Giuliani may not be
mayor, but there will be no let-up in the police war against
communities of color that reached new heights during his

The big-business media made much out of Mayor Bloomberg
attending a Martin Luther King Day commemoration sponsored
by the Rev. Al Sharpton's National Action Network-an event
that Giuliani pointedly boycotted. Many people see the new
administration's willingness to meet with community leaders
as a hopeful and necessary change. But it can't be forgotten
that Bloomberg hasn't spoken out against the NYPD war on
youths of color.

Critics charge the mayor is trying to butter up labor unions
in preparation for big budget cuts and layoffs ahead, while
bailing out his Wall Street associates. When workfare
workers rallied at City Hall Jan. 16 demanding the real city
jobs they'd been promised, Bloomberg said he couldn't
guarantee it.

On Jan.18 his administration vowed to fight a court ruling
allowing homeless people to sleep on the steps of a church-
while a new police "quality of life" initiative is hounding
the homeless on city streets and subways.

Bloomberg announced he'd march in the official St. Patrick's
Day Parade, despite its exclusion of lesbians and gays-and
despite his campaign promises to gay groups.

Poverty, unemployment and homelessness are growing day by
day in New York. It will take a united fight-back movement
of workers, poor people and students to push back the new
axis of repression running from City Hall to Police Plaza
and win jobs, housing and social justice for all New

- END -

(Copyright Workers World Service: Everyone is permitted to
copy and distribute verbatim copies of this document, but
changing it is not allowed. For more information contact
Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., NY, NY 10011; via e-mail:
[EMAIL PROTECTED] For subscription info send message to:
[EMAIL PROTECTED] Web: http://www.workers.org)

From: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> (wwnews)
Date: torstai 31. tammikuu 2002 09:19
Subject: [WW]  Enron & Monopoly Capitalism

Via Workers World News Service
Reprinted from the Feb. 7, 2002
issue of Workers World newspaper


By Fred Goldstein

As the World Economic Forum convenes in New York and bankers
from the U.S. have to circulate among the financiers and
capitalists of the world, they will suffer a certain

After all, the powers behind Enron--J.P. Morgan Chase,
Citicorp, Bank of America, brokerage houses like Merrill
Lynch, investment banks like Morgan Stanley, and other
titans of U.S. capitalism--will have to slide delicately
past the subject of the tidal wave of corruption that has
surfaced and engulfed their entire political establishment,
both parties, as well as the White House and the Securities
Exchange Commission.

These bankers are the financial powers behind the engines of
globalization. They have preached the free market, financial
transparency, monetary discipline, the rule of law, and
every other pious and hypocritical phrase they could think
of to mask their brutal takeover of economies all over the
world. They have caused untold mass poverty and suffering,
cultural genocide and the destruction of the environment.

Now, because of the Enron collapse and all its fallout, they
have been caught with their hands in the till--investing in
phony partnerships, financing tax cheats, shredding
documents and callously gambling with the life savings of
thousands of workers. High-paid corporate executives lied
for profit, their accountants swore to it and their lawyers
declared it all legal.

This cast of characters is not new on the stage of history.
Only the names have changed.

In 1916, V.I. Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution,
wrote a ground-breaking book entitled "Imperialism, the
Highest Stage of Capitalism." In it he showed that
imperialism was not a policy but a form of society. The
early, competitive stage of capitalism inexorably developed
into monopoly capitalism. This happened in all the major
capitalist countries of that time. Each one was dominated by
a financial oligarchy that exerted control over all economic
life at home and was feverishly engaged in the export of
capital abroad--where it could carry out the super-
exploitation of hundreds of millions of colonial people.

The book was written in the midst of World War I, the first
great imperialist war. It described the motive force of the
war: to re-divide the globe, which had already been divided
up among all the imperialist powers.

Even a cursory look at the Enron scandal confirms Lenin's
writings on imperialism.


Enron had 25,000 miles of natural gas pipeline in the United
States, 8,000 more miles in South America, water treatment
plants in Britain, power plants in Italy, Poland, Turkey,
Guatemala, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico and the Philippines, a 65-
percent stake in a major Indian power plant--and that's just
for starters.

Enron tried to rise above being just an industrial
corporation to become a broker and a trader. Thus it was
both industrial and financial. It has been supported and
controlled in this endeavor by the biggest banks in the U.S.

It recruited Brig. Gen. Thomas White to be the head of Enron
Energy Services, then a decade later sent him into the
present Bush administration as Secretary of the Army. It
dictated its energy policy to now-Vice President Dick
Cheney, a militarist who was Secretary of Defense during the
first Bush administration. It had dozens of Pentagon

Enron is the epitome of an aspiring, new-on-the-scene
imperialist corporation. Its demise has shown to the whole
world how a corporation, backed by the banks and tied to the
military machine of U.S. imperialism, can control the
regulatory process and use its financial power to direct the
policy of the capitalist state.

On the domestic front, the sudden collapse of a corporation
the size of Enron, which claimed $100 billion in revenue in
the year 2000 and had $66 billion in stock outstanding at
its peak, raises numerous questions and issues for both the
ruling class and the working class. But the real issues are
buried beneath a mountain of hypocrisy and deceit.

The ruling class pundits are trying to frame the issue as
corrupt corporate practices versus playing by the rules.
They point to Enron's use of partnerships to hide its
losses. They seem to be truly indignant that Arthur
Andersen, one of the holy Big Five accounting firms,
actually signed off on these schemes as within accounting
guidelines. They excoriate the prestigious Houston law firm
of Vinson & Elkins for dubbing the whole thing as legal.

Now everyone is suitably outraged.

But the real issue is not one of playing by the rules. The
real issue is that even though they broke the rules, they
lost the game. They cost the rich billions of dollars,
discredited the stock market and the 401(k) Wall Street
pension scheme and, in the process, aroused the ire of the
masses, who saw 15,000 workers lose $1.3 billion of their
life savings while the executives walked away with more than
$1 billion in stock sales.


The truth is that every one on Wall Street knew that Enron
was not playing by the rules. As early as 1999 the German
energy giant Veba was contemplating a merger with Enron.
But, according to the New York Times of Jan. 27, Veba backed
away from the deal after the firm "became concerned about
the levels of debt Enron had and with what a senior
executive said were Enron's 'aggressive accounting
practices.' Consultants from PricewaterhouseCoopers told
Veba that Enron, through complex accounting and deal making,
had swept tens of millions in debt off its books, making the
company's balance sheet look stronger than it really was."

The second of the Big Five accounting firms,
PricewaterhouseCoopers was only "one of several banks and
consulting firms that worked on the Veba-Enron deal. Other
advisers included Goldman, Sachs, Credit Suisse First Boston
and McKinsey & Company, brokers and consultants said."

"In the wake of Enron's collapse," added the Times, "it has
become apparent that many financial firms-from Enron's
lenders to Wall Street bankers who underwrote the company's
partnership, to investment houses that bought into them, to
the accountants who reviewed their books-knew more about
Enron's condition than the company publicly disclosed."

In fact, when Veba backed out, it had concluded that the
company's total debt load amounted to 70 to 75 percent of
its value. In short, it was a debt-inflated bubble waiting
to burst.

"Enron executives enticed wealthy individuals and
institutions to invest in one of the partnerships that
helped wreck the company by dangling the prospect that
inside knowledge could potentially help them double their
money in a matter of months," reported the Times on Jan. 25.
The records show Enron executives offered "Wall Street firms
and wealthy investors inside knowledge about Enron and its
off-the-books holdings-information they denied company

Some of the biggest corporations in the world were involved,
including Citicorp, Travelers Insurance, Morgan Stanley and
American Home Assurance. "Three or four of the largest
investments in LJM2 [one of the partnerships--F.G.] brought
in returns of more than 100 percent. The lowest return from
an investment in another Enron entity called Raptor I was 58
percent over four months; the highest, in Raptor II, was 212
percent in just over three months. In the first quarter of
last year the partnership distributed about $75 million to
investors," continued the Times.

While perhaps not all the intimate details of the Enron
scams were clear, the general picture was known all over
Wall Street long ago.

If Goldman, Sachs, Credit Suisse First Boston,
PricewaterhouseCoopers and other giant Wall Street firms
knew, then Robert Rubin, Clinton's Secretary of the Treasury
and former head of Goldman, Sachs, knew.

The Securities and Exchange Commission members must have

The Public Oversight Board that is supposed to oversee the
accounting profession must have known.

Mutual fund managers, brokerage houses, stock analysts, all
knew that the Veba merger had fallen through because of
phony accounting.

The word must have gotten to the heads of the Senate and
House banking committees, who hob-knob with bankers.

It is highly probable that word of all this wafted its way
up to the Olympian heights from which Alan Greenspan, head
of the Federal Reserve Board, periodically descends to utter
his ambiguous, carefully hedged truisms about the capitalist


Now everyone is screaming about regulation, oversight,
standards, etc. But no one rushed to demand regulation of
"aggressive accounting" and questionable partnerships BEFORE
Enron crashed-when the parasitic bankers, brokers and other
coupon-clipping parasites were making 212 percent on their
investments in three months.

No one wanted to blow the whistle when Enron stock was
rising and all the investors' portfolios were increasing in
value, making them rich on paper.

But now they are all crying foul, lining up to get their
money back from the bankruptcy proceedings--Citigroup, J.P.
Morgan Chase, Bank of America, and others that either
participated in the schemes or kept quiet. Lawsuits are
flying back and forth.

This is a classic demonstration of the anarchy of capitalism
carried into the financial sphere. The bankers and bosses
want some minimal regulation to keep from getting fleeced by
each other and to keep the system from going haywire and
collapsing. But no specific capitalist grouping of investors
wants to enforce any particular regulation at any given
moment if it stands in the way of their making a super-
profit--come what may. They will ruin sections of their own
class and, of course, trample all over the working class in
pursuit of super-profits.

Karl Marx once wrote that for a really high profit, a
capitalist would commit murder, but for one even higher, he
would risk death. V.I. Lenin, the leader of the first
socialist revolution in 1917 in Russia, agreed with that,
saying that for a profit, the capitalist would sell the rope
used to hang him.

These two great leaders of the working class understood the
ruling class and what profound contradictions are inherent
in capitalism. But they did not stop at analysis. They
organized and mobilized the workers to fight back so as to
eventually liberate themselves from capitalism altogether.

Today the working class has to learn the lessons of the
Enron scandal. It has to separate its problems from those of
the bankers and financiers.


The issue for both classes is one of accounting and control.
The capitalist class has minimal central control over the
conduct of the giant monopolies, the banking houses, the
industrialists. The monitoring of the ruling class has been
largely allocated to the accounting profession. The
capitalist state has little or no responsibility except
after the fact, when a violation is uncovered. On a day-to-
day basis, it is up to the accountants.

But the accounting profession is part of the ruling-class
establishment. They are a profit-gouging group of
exploiters, just like the capitalists they are supposed to
monitor. Thus, at the end of the day, the capitalist class
has no reliable way of preventing wholesale fraud, because
they are all engaged in it. It is part of capitalism.

For the Enron workers, who had their life savings tied up in
company stock, and for the millions of other workers whose
pension funds also held millions in Enron stock, there was
no one in this entire affair to stick up for them during all
these backroom dealings.

This is what the working class must concern itself with.

There was an unholy capitalist alliance between Enron, its
accountants, its lawyers, the commercial bankers, the
brokers, the investment bankers, congressional oversight
committees and the regulators--all either trying to make a
killing or covering up for Enron. It's a microcosm of what
exists generally throughout capitalism. No one raised one
word about the workers and their life savings. All this took
place for years behind the backs of the working class, in a
conspiracy of the rich to protect themselves.

Now 10 congressional committees, the SEC, the Justice
Department and others are trying to get into the act,
talking about reform and oversight. But the lesson of the
Enron scandal is that the workers have to have an
independent position and defend their own class interests.


The first thing to declare is that all this money belonged
to the workers. All the money in those 401(k) plans was
wages that had been deferred. This was compensation for
labor performed. If the managers made it disappear because
of fraud, then all that labor, in the millions of dollars,
was performed for nothing.

The capitalist government, which was supposed to protect the
workers against this fraud, and the investors who got rich
from it--including not only Enron executives but the
Citigroup investors, the Travellers Insurance investors, the
Morgan Stanley investors and any other parasites who
invested in schemes that ultimately devalued the workers'
holdings--should make good on every single penny.

The workers should be first on line as the primary creditors
in the bankruptcy proceeding, of course. But they should not
wait in agony during a prolonged judicial process to get
relief. The Bush administration--or should we say the Enron
administration--should immediately set aside funds, not only
for the Enron workers, but for all the pension plans that
held Enron's watered stock. It could start by diverting
money from the huge $48 billion increase Bush is proposing
for the Pentagon and its aggression around the world.

The labor movement should get behind a massive counterattack
to protect all the workers who have been cajoled and
swindled out of their pensions, which have wound up in the
hands of Wall Street speculators. The workers should fight
back against being tied to stock options and demand
guaranteed, fixed pensions instead of having their wages
turned over to a gang of financial gamblers. The government
should be putting extra money into Social Security, not
figuring out ways to rob it and gamble with it.

The working class should find ways to intervene in the
Washington struggle over reform and oversight to protect its
interests and not get involved in fixing things for the

But in addition to opening up an immediate struggle, a
longer-term evaluation of this collapse and the revelations
surrounding it must be made.


The accounting for the production and distribution of the
trillions of dollars of wealth created by the working class
cannot be left to the capitalists and their accountants.
Those who created it, the working class, should be the
overseers. This scandal shows that the bosses have no
responsibility whatever to the workers or society in

What is obvious from this scandal is that the working class
needs to get control of society by setting up its own state.
Only then will the fraud and deception inherent in the
capitalist profit system be eradicated.

In fact, in the early days of the Bolshevik revolution Lenin
argued that after the seizure of power by the workers and
the peasants, the beginning steps toward socialism would
involve the workers taking over accounting and control of
production and distribution. In early 1918, in "How to
Organize Competition?" Lenin wrote: "Accounting and control-
this is the main economic task of every Soviet of Workers,
Soldiers and Peasants' Deputies, of every consumers'
society, of every union or committee of supplies, of every
factory committee or organ of workers' control in general.

"[W]idespread, general, universal accounting and control,
the accounting and control of the amount of labor performed
and the distribution of products-is the essence of socialist
transformation, once the political rule of the proletariat
has been established and secured.

"Only the voluntary and conscientious cooperation of the
mass of the workers and peasants in accounting and
controlling the rich, the rogues, the idlers ... can conquer
these survivals of the accursed capitalist society."

As regards legislative oversight, Marx and Lenin had much to
say on this question that is highly relevant to the working
class today. Both of these leaders took their inspiration on
this question from the Paris Commune of 1871, the first
successful seizure of power by the working class.

In his famous work "State and Revolution," written in 1917,
Lenin quoted Marx's analysis of the Commune in "The Civil
War in France." Wrote Marx, "The Commune was formed of the
municipal councilors, chosen by universal suffrage in the
various wards of the town, responsible and revocable at
short terms. The majority of its members were naturally
workers or acknowledged representatives of the working
class. ... From the members of the Commune on downwards, the
public service had to be done at workers' wages. The vested
interests ... of the high dignitaries of the state
disappeared along with the high dignitaries themselves."

In other words, if you claim to represent the workers and
the people, you are responsible for what happens to them and
you share their economic condition.

All the office holders in all the congressional
subcommittees are high paid and live like the bosses they
are supposed to be regulating. They take bribes called
"donations" from Enron and all the Fortune 500. But suddenly
they are going to rush into the breach to "correct" the

>From the point of view of the working class, they are all
guilty of collusion and negligence. The time to protect the
people is before they suffer an attack. They were all
sitting on their hands collecting their fat paychecks while
the Enron corruption was going on under their noses.

The only way to put an end to economic swindling,
oppression, racism, sexual oppression and imperialist war is
to organize a mass movement to take the economy and the
state out of the hands of the Fortune 500, the bankers and

Lenin talked about the need for workers' control and
accounting "once the political rule of the proletariat has
been established and is secured." There is no way to do this
other than to build a party whose objective is to establish
the rule of the workers and the oppressed.

- END -

(Copyright Workers World Service: Everyone is permitted to
copy and distribute verbatim copies of this document, but
changing it is not allowed. For more information contact
Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., NY, NY 10011; via e-mail:
[EMAIL PROTECTED] For subscription info send message to:
[EMAIL PROTECTED] Web: http://www.workers.org)

From: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> (wwnews)
Date: torstai 31. tammikuu 2002 09:19
Subject: [WW]  Bush Says: "Let 'em Eat War"

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