Extracts.



Inside Story of Negotiations Between Dalai Lama, Central Chinese Government
Revealed.

A signed article carried in the latest issue of China's Tibet magazine cited
plenty of irrefutable facts to expose Dalai Lama's true intention of
separating Tibet from China under the cloak of negotiation with the central
Chinese government.

A signed article carried in the latest issue of China's Tibet  magazine
cited plenty of irrefutable facts to expose Dalai Lama's true intention of
separating Tibet from China under the cloak of negotiation with the central
Chinese government.

Entitled "Fresh comments on negotiation between the 14th Dalai Lama and the
Central Government", the article started with late Chinese leader Deng
Xiaoping's talks with an AP reporter.

On December 28, 1978, Deng Xiaoping, then vice-chairman of the Central
Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), said when meeting with the
AP reporter: "The Dalai Lama may come back, but in his capacity as a Chinese
citizen. We have only one demand -- being patriotic -- and we put forward
the theory that there is not major difference as to when he becomes
patriotic, earlier or later."

Deng's talks clearly demonstrated brotherly affection shown by the Central
Chinese Government toward Tibetan compatriots residing overseas and also
showed the Central Chinese Government's attitude toward Dalai Lama.

The 14th Dalai Lama sent his private representative back to the motherland
on February 28, 1979 for matters concerning the bettering of ties between
him and the Central Government.

On March 12, Deng Xiaoping met with the "private representative" and told
him: "The fundamental problem lies in the fact that Tibet is part of China.
It is the yardstick to judge whether things go right or wrong. Now, the
problem is whether Tibet is to start a dialogue with the Central Government
in its capacity as a country, or for it to discuss things with the Central
Government in its capacity as a part of China. This is a realistic
question." 

Deng's remarks broke the 20-year-long isolation between Dalai Lama and the
Central Chinese Government, said the article.



****



Pakistan Rejects Reports of Receiving Chinese Aid in Missile Program.

Pakistan on Saturday strongly denied reports of receiving any assistance
from China in developing missiles, saying its missile program was "totally
indigenous." 

Pakistan   on Saturday strongly denied reports of receiving any assistance
from China in developing missiles, saying its missile program was "totally
indigenous." 

This stand was reiterated by Foreign Office spokesman Aziz Ahmed Khan in a
press briefing Saturday afternoon in Islamabad while commenting on a story
published in a section of the press.

Khan said similar allegations had been made in the past and were refuted by
both Pakistan and China.

Commenting on the statement of Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee
that India would not enter into dialogue on Kashmir, Khan described it as
"unfortunate." 

He said there was a world-wide practice to resolve inter-state problems
through negotiations and dialogue.

Khan reiterated that Pakistan would like to resolve all outstanding issues
with India including the Kashmir dispute through dialogue. "Our position
remains the same," he added.

****


Roundup: US, Europe Inconsistent Over NATO, Security.

Defense ministers and foreign ministers of NATO countries and the foreign
ministers of Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic gathered here on Saturday to
discuss the global security situation after the September 11 terrorist
attacks on the United States.

Defense ministers and foreign ministers of NATO countries and the foreign
ministers of Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic gathered here on Saturday to
discuss the global security situation after the September 11 terrorist
attacks on the United States.

But it is evident that the United States and Europe differed on matters
regarding the development of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the
global security. 

Addressing the meeting, U.S. Senator John McCain said, "This campaign for
freedom and against terror across the globe is a joint endeavor that will
commit the United States and our friends and allies across Europe."

"But a necessary condition for its success is an assertive, and
distinctively American, internationalism that will propel a global campaign
to reorder international relations, just as a new, more just order emerged
from the ashes of this war-torn continent under American leadership in
1945," McCain said.

He noted that American leadership within NATO has been enhanced by its
leading role in the ongoing anti-terrorism war.

The senator expressed his hope that NATO's European members and the United
States could put aside their "previous differences over an emerging European
security identity in favor of NATO's existing security architecture."

However, officials from European countries voiced their dissatisfaction over
the current development of NATO and called for military balance between the
United States and other NATO members.

"We are confronted by the problem of how to reduce the imbalance between the
United States' military capabilities and those of Europe, " Italian Defense
Minister Antonio Martino said.

"The new global defense and security tasks are on such a scale that they
cannot be managed by the United States alone, and require that Europe makes
a greater contribution," he continued.

"There must be a fairer sharing of responsibilities and costs, and hence of
rights over decision-making regarding our common defense and security
missions," he added

Observers said Europe's lack of necessary technical facilities has made it
unable to perform all security and defense missions together with the United
States. 

NATO General-Secretary George Robertson said in an interview before the
Munich meeting that NATO's European members lag far behind the United States
in terms of military technology.

The U.S.-European gap was more obvious in the anti-terrorism war in
Afghanistan <http://www.peopledaily.com.cn/english/data/afghanistan.html>
than in the Kosovo war, the official pointed out.

The unbalance is "unhealthy" for the alliance because it is becoming more
and more difficult for the Americans to "cooperate with allies when they
need the allies." 

Robortson called on the United States to give its European allies more help
in developing military technology.

"Even a superpower needs coalition partners," he said.

Deputy U.S. Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, stopping short of pointing out
European countries' inability of fully-cooperating with the United States in
the anti-terrorism war, said, "our policy in this war has been to accept
help from countries on whatever basis is most comfortable to them."

"Some will join us publicly, others will choose quiet and discrete forms of
cooperation," said the U.S. deputy at the security conference, adding that
"this maximizes their cooperation and our effectiveness."

Official statistics have shown that the European Union's defense costs are
merely a half of that of the United States and their military fighting
capacity is only one-tenth of the United States.

Europe must strengthen its security and defense policies to create a
balanced sharing of burden and responsibilities between the United States
and Europe, said Angela Merkel, chairman of Germany
<http://www.peopledaily.com.cn/english/data/germany.html> 's biggest
opposition party the Christian Democratic Union.

"The decision to establish an European Rapid-Reaction Army is completely
right," said the chairman, adding that the army should not be a "paper
tiger." 

"The establishment of the army should be completed by 2003," she said.

****


Israeli Army Carries Out Military Operation in Southern Gaza Strip.

The Israeli army carried out a military operation Saturday night in areas
south of Khan Yunis town in southern Gaza Strip, a Palestinian National
Authority (PNA) public security spokesman said.

The Israeli army carried out a military operation Saturday night in areas
south of Khan Yunis town in southern Gaza Strip, a Palestinian National
Authority (PNA) public security spokesman said.

The spokesman said that five tanks and two bulldozers drove about one
kilometer from two directions into Palestinian-controlled areas south of
Khan Yunis, while tanks opened heavy gunfire at the areas.

He said in a statement that while Israeli tanks were entering into the
Palestinian areas, Israeli Apache helicopters flew over the town of Khan
Yunis, adding that Israeli troops entered into several homes searching for
Palestinian militants.

Palestinian eyewitnesses said that they saw the Israeli tanks coming out
from the Morag settlement, and entering into Khan Yunis, adding that they
heard from time to time explosions and sound of intensive heavy fire in the
area. 

The spokesman accused the Israeli army of escalating military actions
against the Palestinians "while the whole area in southern Gaza Strip was
relatively quite over the last few hours."

Meanwhile, Palestinian eyewitnesses in the town of Deir El Balah near the
Jewish settlement of Kfar Darom said that the Israeli army left the roof the
Palestinian Al Sakhra dairy product company after staying there for a whole
day. 

Palestinian sources said that the PNA has complained to the United States
against Israel for capturing the roof of the factory, north of Kfar Darom,
for one day. The factory is one of the projects that PNA invests in the Gaza
Strip. 

Israel Radio reported that Israeli troops left the area after chasing a
group of Palestinian militants who had attacked with grenades an Israeli
army post near Kfar Darom. One Israeli soldier was lightly injured in the
attack. 

****



Egyptian Business Leader Envisages Better Economic Ties With China.

The chairman of Egypt's Chambers of Commerce on Saturday voiced optimism
over the prospects of Egyptian-Chinese economic and trade cooperation in the
years ahead. 

The chairman of Egypt's Chambers of Commerce on Saturday voiced optimism
over the prospects of Egyptian-Chinese economic and trade cooperation in the
years ahead. 

"Egyptian-Chinese ties have been developing well, and there is potential for
the two countries to engage in better economic and trade cooperation,"
Khaled Abu Ismail said in an interview.

Abu Ismail, who accompanied Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on his recent
visit to China, said that the signing of an agreement on establishing the
Egyptian-Chinese Business Council could be seen as one of the most important
results of the visit.

He said that such a council will help promote cooperation in trade and
investment between business sectors in the two countries.

During a meeting in Cairo next month, the council is expected to discuss
investment rules and ways of offering services, facilities and information
to businessmen who will cooperate in the areas of production, investment and
trade, he said. 

He added that tourism cooperation between the two countries will develop
further in the coming years.

Mubarak paid his eighth visit to China on January 23-26, during which the
two countries signed five documents on cooperation in various fields.

****


Ethiopia: Israeli Ambassador's Remark Baseless.

Ethiopia has described the recent remarks on it made by the Israeli
ambassador to Eritrea as inexcusable and deeply saddening, Ethiopian Herald
newspaper reported Saturday in Addis Ababa.

Ethiopia has described the recent remarks on it made by the Israeli
ambassador to Eritrea as inexcusable and deeply saddening, Ethiopian Herald
newspaper reported Saturday in Addis Ababa.

The Israeli ambassador's remarks, which doubted Ethiopia's staunch stance on
the peace process, lacked total responsibility, a spokesperson for the
Ethiopian Foreign Ministry was quoted as saying.

The ambassador had said at a press conference organized by the U.N. Mission
on Eritrea and Ethiopia that Ethiopia had declined tosign a peace agreement
at the recent Khartoum summit.

The spokesperson went on to say "what the Israeli Ambassador iscited to have
said is totally erroneous and based on a fictitious story."

The Israeli ambassador must be one of the very few who have failed to
recognize that Ethiopia is, and will continue to be, a pillar for peace in
the sub-region, the spokesperson added.

In the statement, the spokesperson also expressed the Ethiopiangovernment's
desire to address the issue in a legal and through a proper channel.

****


Bush's Anti-Iran Rhetoric 'Impolite': Iranian Speaker.

Iranian Majlis (parliament) Speaker Mahdi Karrubi on Saturday denounced as
"impolite" U.S. President George W. Bush's recent accusing of Iran's being
part of an "axis of evil", the official IRNA news agency reported.

Iranian Majlis (parliament) Speaker Mahdi Karrubi on Saturday denounced as
"impolite" U.S. President George W. Bush's recent accusing of Iran's being
part of an "axis of evil", the official IRNA news agency reported.

"Bush's speech is not only an insult to the Iranian nation, but also an
affront to the American nation with a president talking in such a tone to
the world," Karrubi said at an open session of the Majlis.

Karrubi said remarks like these from the U.S. president sounds "strange" at
a time when the world is promoting dialogue and interaction among religions.

Bush renewed his third accusation in a week on Friday against Iran, Iraq and
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), describing the three as
forming an "axis of evil" with their programs to acquire or develop weapons
of mass destruction.

Bush also accused Iran of trying to destabilize neighboring Afghanistan ,
which is recovering from years of war and internal strife.

Karrubi brushed off Bush's accusation by saying that Iran has been pursuing
a policy of detente and working for stability in Afghanistan.

Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Thursday denounced Bush's
labeling of Iran as part of an "axis of evil," saying Washington itself was
"the greatest evil."

The moderate President Mohammad Khatami also slammed Bush's "warmongering,"
describing his words as insulting to the Iranian nation.

****


Roundup: Iran Looks to Natural Gas for New Cash Cow as Global Markets Swell.

Iran, a Mideast powerhouse, has taken new steps to boost its role as a
reliable natural gas exporter as Europe and other energy-deficient regional
countries have kept groping after steady supplies.

Iran, a Mideast powerhouse, has taken new steps to boost its role as a
reliable natural gas exporter as Europe and other energy-deficient regional
countries have kept groping after steady supplies.

In an unprecedented move since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution, Iranian Oil
Minister Bijan Zanganeh has recently inaugurated a pipeline delivering
natural gas to Turkey, which is viewed by Iran "as a gateway for the export
of Iranian gas to the European markets."

Under a 20-billion-dollar contract, which has been opposed by the United
States, Iran is to supply 228 billion cubic meters of gas via a
2,577-kilometer pipeline in a 25-year span, starting withan initial 3
billion cubic meters. The figure is expected to rise to 10 billion cubic
meters a year by 2007.

Ranking second worldwide after Russia  in natural gas deposits, Iran's
whopping 20,000 billion cubic meters account for 18 percent of the world's
proven reserves, making it a supplier long favored by energy-strapped
neighbor Turkey. 

Turkish Energy and Natural Resources Minister Zeki Cakan has forecast that
Turkey's gas demands would increase six-fold over thenext 20 years, noting
that gas delivering from Iran would be most cost-effective.

Looking further, Iran sees the potential purchasing power in theEuropean
market and has stepped up efforts in lobbying for Europe'sfavor on Iranian
energy following the start of pumping gas to Turkey, a bridge linking the
two sides. 

"Iran plans to increase the production of natural gas to more than 500
million cubic meters per day in 2005 from current 300 million cubic meters
per day," Zanganeh said on Thursday at an energy conference in Athens,
Greece. 

He noted that Turkey can play a "central role" as a point of connection,
receiving gas from Iran and distributing it among European customers,
stressing that "time is ripe to plan Iran's gastransfer to Europe."

Iran has reached "favorable results" in talks with the European sides over
the transfer of Iranian energy, Zanganeh said, without elaborating.

Greek Development Minister Nikos Christodoulakis assured the Iranian energy
boss that "the European Union is looking for secure energy resources and
Iran enjoys the best position in this respect," the IRNA news agency
reported on Friday.

Iran has a special stance in view of its energy resources, nearly half of
its gas reserves are on-shore, with the rest being off-shore, creating
considerable flexibility for investment and development.

The country is intensifying its efforts to become less dependenton crude oil
selling, which account for 70 percent of the total export revenue, making it
extremely vulnerable to world oil price fluctuations.

The reformist President Mohammad Khatami has been groping for remedies for
Iran's ailing economy, calling for an increase in non-oil exports to
diversify the economy while targeting its huge gas reserves as a new cash
cow. 

In another noticeable move, Zanganeh inaugurated a new natural gas refinery
built by France 's TotalFinaElf in the southern coastalAssaluyeh region last
week amid hopes to earn Iran 300 billion dollars in revenues over the next
three decades from the South Parsgas field in the Persian Gulf.

The giant South Pars field, the largest in the world shared by Iran and
Qatar, lies 100 kilometers off Iran's southern coast with a rich reserve of
12 trillion cubic meters of gas, accounting for 10 percent of the world's
and 60 percent of Iran's total gas reserves.

The development of 12 phases of the field with a production capacity of 300
million cubic meters per day is expected to supply gas to both nearby and
remote markets. 

In Asia, Iran has been mulling to sell gas to India, which viewsIran as the
best long-term energy supplier for its swelling markets.

State-owned Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL) and National Iranian Oil
Company (NIOC) have recently signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) for
cooperation in oil and gas project, requiring both sides to conduct
feasibility study for bringing Iranian gas to India through an onshore
pipeline via Pakistan   or through a deep sea pipeline.

Iran and India signed a MOU in April 2001 during Indian Prime Minister Atal
Bihari Vajpayee's visit to Tehran for the 3.5-billion-dollar project that
envisages the running of a gas pipelinefrom Iran to India through Pakistan,
a project long dogged by New Delhi's security concerns.

Should overall regional geo-political environment turns ideal, technologies
involved in the transnational gas pipeline are unlikely to become factors
blocking Iranian gas flowing to the Indian subcontinent, energy experts
said. 















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