On Tue, 2018-04-10 at 23:01 +0100, Martin Townsend wrote:
> Using openssl to get the signature in my x509 cert
>    Signature Algorithm: sha256WithRSAEncryption
>          68:82:cc:5d:f9:ee:fb:1a:77:72:a6:a9:c6:4c:cc:d7:f6:2a:
>          17:a5:db:bf:5a:2b:8d:39:60:dc:a0:93:39:45:0f:bc:a7:e8:
>          7f:6c:06:84:2d:f3:c1:94:0a:60:56:1c:50:78:dc:34:d1:87:
> So there's an extra 0x00 and the signature is 257 bytes so I guess
> this is upsetting CAAM, just need to work out where it's coming from,
> or whether it's valid and CAAM should be handling it.

A signature is just a bignum so leading zeros are permitted because
it's the same numeric value; however, there are normalization
procedures that require stripping the leading zeros, say before doing a
hash or other operation which would be affected by them.

CAAM should definitely handle it on the "be liberal in what you accept"
 principle.  The kernel should probably remove the leading zeros on the
"be conservative in what you do" part of the same principle. 

>   I notice that in my stack trace I have pkcs1pad_verify which
> suggests some sort of padding?

Yes, RSA has various forms of padding because the information being
encrypted is usually much smaller than the encryption unit; PKCS1 is
the most common (although its now deprecated in favour of OAEP because
of all the padding oracle problems).


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