VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
managed by an IOMMU domain.

Aim of this change is:
- To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
- To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module

Added two new callback functions to struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops. Backend
IOMMU module that supports pining and unpinning pages for mdev devices
should provide these functions.
Added APIs for pining and unpining pages to VFIO module. These calls back
into backend iommu module to actually pin and unpin pages.

This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
backend module. More details:
- When iommu_group of mediated devices is attached, task structure is
  cached which is used later to pin pages and page accounting.
- It keeps track of pinned pages for mediated domain. This data is used to
  verify unpinning request and to unpin remaining pages while detaching, if
  there are any.
- Used existing mechanism for page accounting. If iommu capable domain
  exist in the container then all pages are already pinned and accounted.
  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
  domain in the container.
- Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
  through device.

Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
- GPU pass through only
- vGPU device only
- One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
- Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
  exist
- Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
  exist

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I295d6f0f2e0579b8d9882bfd8fd5a4194b97bd9a
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c             |  98 ++++++
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 692 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 include/linux/vfio.h            |  13 +-
 3 files changed, 707 insertions(+), 96 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index 2e83bdf007fe..a5a210005b65 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1799,6 +1799,104 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, 
size_t offset)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
 
+
+/*
+ * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
+ * domain only.
+ * @dev [in] : device
+ * @user_pfn [in]: array of user/guest PFNs
+ * @npage [in]: count of array elements
+ * @prot [in] : protection flags
+ * @phys_pfn[out] : array of host PFNs
+ */
+long vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+                   long npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)
+{
+       struct vfio_container *container;
+       struct vfio_group *group;
+       struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+       ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
+
+       if (!dev || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
+       if (IS_ERR(group))
+               return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+       ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+       if (ret)
+               goto err_pin_pages;
+
+       container = group->container;
+       if (IS_ERR(container)) {
+               ret = PTR_ERR(container);
+               goto err_pin_pages;
+       }
+
+       down_read(&container->group_lock);
+
+       driver = container->iommu_driver;
+       if (likely(driver && driver->ops->pin_pages))
+               ret = driver->ops->pin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
+                                            npage, prot, phys_pfn);
+
+       up_read(&container->group_lock);
+       vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+err_pin_pages:
+       vfio_group_put(group);
+       return ret;
+
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_pin_pages);
+
+/*
+ * Unpin set of host PFNs for local domain only.
+ * @dev [in] : device
+ * @pfn [in] : array of host PFNs to be unpinned.
+ * @npage [in] :count of elements in array, that is number of pages.
+ */
+long vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *pfn, long npage)
+{
+       struct vfio_container *container;
+       struct vfio_group *group;
+       struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+       ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
+
+       if (!dev || !pfn)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
+       if (IS_ERR(group))
+               return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+       ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+       if (ret)
+               goto err_unpin_pages;
+
+       container = group->container;
+       if (IS_ERR(container)) {
+               ret = PTR_ERR(container);
+               goto err_unpin_pages;
+       }
+
+       down_read(&container->group_lock);
+
+       driver = container->iommu_driver;
+       if (likely(driver && driver->ops->unpin_pages))
+               ret = driver->ops->unpin_pages(container->iommu_data, pfn,
+                                              npage);
+
+       up_read(&container->group_lock);
+       vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+err_unpin_pages:
+       vfio_group_put(group);
+       return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unpin_pages);
+
 /**
  * Module/class support
  */
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 2ba19424e4a1..5d67058a611d 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -55,16 +55,24 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
 
 struct vfio_iommu {
        struct list_head        domain_list;
+       struct vfio_domain      *local_domain;
        struct mutex            lock;
        struct rb_root          dma_list;
        bool                    v2;
        bool                    nesting;
 };
 
+struct local_addr_space {
+       struct task_struct      *task;
+       struct rb_root          pfn_list;       /* pinned Host pfn list */
+       struct mutex            pfn_list_lock;  /* mutex for pfn_list */
+};
+
 struct vfio_domain {
        struct iommu_domain     *domain;
        struct list_head        next;
        struct list_head        group_list;
+       struct local_addr_space *local_addr_space;
        int                     prot;           /* IOMMU_CACHE */
        bool                    fgsp;           /* Fine-grained super pages */
 };
@@ -75,6 +83,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
        unsigned long           vaddr;          /* Process virtual addr */
        size_t                  size;           /* Map size (bytes) */
        int                     prot;           /* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
+       bool                    iommu_mapped;
 };
 
 struct vfio_group {
@@ -83,6 +92,21 @@ struct vfio_group {
 };
 
 /*
+ * Guest RAM pinning working set or DMA target
+ */
+struct vfio_pfn {
+       struct rb_node          node;
+       unsigned long           vaddr;          /* virtual addr */
+       dma_addr_t              iova;           /* IOVA */
+       unsigned long           pfn;            /* Host pfn */
+       int                     prot;
+       atomic_t                ref_count;
+};
+
+#define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)        \
+                                       (!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
+
+/*
  * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
  * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
  */
@@ -130,6 +154,101 @@ static void vfio_unlink_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, 
struct vfio_dma *old)
        rb_erase(&old->node, &iommu->dma_list);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Helper Functions for host pfn list
+ */
+
+static struct vfio_pfn *vfio_find_pfn(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+                                     unsigned long pfn)
+{
+       struct rb_node *node;
+       struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
+
+       node = domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
+
+       while (node) {
+               vpfn = rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node);
+
+               if (pfn < vpfn->pfn)
+                       node = node->rb_left;
+               else if (pfn > vpfn->pfn)
+                       node = node->rb_right;
+               else
+                       return vpfn;
+       }
+
+       return NULL;
+}
+
+static void vfio_link_pfn(struct vfio_domain *domain, struct vfio_pfn *new)
+{
+       struct rb_node **link, *parent = NULL;
+       struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
+
+       link = &domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
+       while (*link) {
+               parent = *link;
+               vpfn = rb_entry(parent, struct vfio_pfn, node);
+
+               if (new->pfn < vpfn->pfn)
+                       link = &(*link)->rb_left;
+               else
+                       link = &(*link)->rb_right;
+       }
+
+       rb_link_node(&new->node, parent, link);
+       rb_insert_color(&new->node, &domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list);
+}
+
+static void vfio_unlink_pfn(struct vfio_domain *domain, struct vfio_pfn *old)
+{
+       rb_erase(&old->node, &domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list);
+}
+
+static int vfio_add_to_pfn_list(struct vfio_domain *domain, unsigned long 
vaddr,
+                               dma_addr_t iova, unsigned long pfn, int prot)
+{
+       struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
+
+       vpfn = kzalloc(sizeof(*vpfn), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!vpfn)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       vpfn->vaddr = vaddr;
+       vpfn->iova = iova;
+       vpfn->pfn = pfn;
+       vpfn->prot = prot;
+       atomic_set(&vpfn->ref_count, 1);
+       vfio_link_pfn(domain, vpfn);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static void vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+                                     struct vfio_pfn *vpfn)
+{
+       vfio_unlink_pfn(domain, vpfn);
+       kfree(vpfn);
+}
+
+static int vfio_pfn_account(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, unsigned long pfn)
+{
+       struct vfio_pfn *p;
+       struct vfio_domain *domain = iommu->local_domain;
+       int ret = 1;
+
+       if (!domain)
+               return 1;
+
+       mutex_lock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+       p = vfio_find_pfn(domain, pfn);
+       if (p)
+               ret = 0;
+
+       mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+       return ret;
+}
+
 struct vwork {
        struct mm_struct        *mm;
        long                    npage;
@@ -150,17 +269,17 @@ static void vfio_lock_acct_bg(struct work_struct *work)
        kfree(vwork);
 }
 
-static void vfio_lock_acct(long npage)
+static void vfio_lock_acct(struct task_struct *task, long npage)
 {
        struct vwork *vwork;
        struct mm_struct *mm;
 
-       if (!current->mm || !npage)
+       if (!task->mm || !npage)
                return; /* process exited or nothing to do */
 
-       if (down_write_trylock(&current->mm->mmap_sem)) {
-               current->mm->locked_vm += npage;
-               up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+       if (down_write_trylock(&task->mm->mmap_sem)) {
+               task->mm->locked_vm += npage;
+               up_write(&task->mm->mmap_sem);
                return;
        }
 
@@ -172,7 +291,7 @@ static void vfio_lock_acct(long npage)
        vwork = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vwork), GFP_KERNEL);
        if (!vwork)
                return;
-       mm = get_task_mm(current);
+       mm = get_task_mm(task);
        if (!mm) {
                kfree(vwork);
                return;
@@ -228,20 +347,31 @@ static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
        return 0;
 }
 
-static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
+static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
+                        int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
 {
        struct page *page[1];
        struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+       struct mm_struct *local_mm = (mm ? mm : current->mm);
        int ret = -EFAULT;
 
-       if (get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), page) == 1) {
+       if (mm) {
+               down_read(&local_mm->mmap_sem);
+               ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, local_mm, vaddr, 1,
+                                       !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), 0, page, NULL);
+               up_read(&local_mm->mmap_sem);
+       } else
+               ret = get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1,
+                                         !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), page);
+
+       if (ret == 1) {
                *pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
                return 0;
        }
 
-       down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+       down_read(&local_mm->mmap_sem);
 
-       vma = find_vma_intersection(current->mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
+       vma = find_vma_intersection(local_mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
 
        if (vma && vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) {
                *pfn = ((vaddr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;
@@ -249,7 +379,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, 
unsigned long *pfn)
                        ret = 0;
        }
 
-       up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+       up_read(&local_mm->mmap_sem);
 
        return ret;
 }
@@ -259,33 +389,37 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, 
unsigned long *pfn)
  * the iommu can only map chunks of consecutive pfns anyway, so get the
  * first page and all consecutive pages with the same locking.
  */
-static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
-                          int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
+static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+                                   unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
+                                   int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
 {
        unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
        bool lock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
-       long ret, i;
+       long ret, i, lock_acct = 0;
        bool rsvd;
 
        if (!current->mm)
                return -ENODEV;
 
-       ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
+       ret = vaddr_get_pfn(NULL, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
        if (ret)
                return ret;
 
+       lock_acct = vfio_pfn_account(iommu, *pfn_base);
+
        rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
 
-       if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && current->mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
+       if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && current->mm->locked_vm + lock_acct > limit) {
                put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
                pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
                        limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
                return -ENOMEM;
        }
 
+
        if (unlikely(disable_hugepages)) {
                if (!rsvd)
-                       vfio_lock_acct(1);
+                       vfio_lock_acct(current, lock_acct);
                return 1;
        }
 
@@ -293,7 +427,7 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
        for (i = 1, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE; i < npage; i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
                unsigned long pfn = 0;
 
-               ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, &pfn);
+               ret = vaddr_get_pfn(NULL, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
                if (ret)
                        break;
 
@@ -303,8 +437,10 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
                        break;
                }
 
+               lock_acct += vfio_pfn_account(iommu, pfn);
+
                if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
-                   current->mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
+                   current->mm->locked_vm + lock_acct > limit) {
                        put_pfn(pfn, prot);
                        pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
                                __func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
@@ -313,23 +449,216 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long 
npage,
        }
 
        if (!rsvd)
-               vfio_lock_acct(i);
+               vfio_lock_acct(current, lock_acct);
 
        return i;
 }
 
-static long vfio_unpin_pages(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
-                            int prot, bool do_accounting)
+static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+                                     unsigned long pfn, long npage, int prot,
+                                     bool do_accounting)
 {
-       unsigned long unlocked = 0;
+       unsigned long unlocked = 0, unlock_acct = 0;
        long i;
 
-       for (i = 0; i < npage; i++)
+       for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
+               if (do_accounting)
+                       unlock_acct += vfio_pfn_account(iommu, pfn);
+
                unlocked += put_pfn(pfn++, prot);
+       }
 
        if (do_accounting)
-               vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
+               vfio_lock_acct(current, -unlock_acct);
+
+       return unlocked;
+}
+
+static long __vfio_pin_page_local(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+                                 unsigned long vaddr, int prot,
+                                 unsigned long *pfn_base,
+                                 bool do_accounting)
+{
+       unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+       bool lock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
+       long ret;
+       bool rsvd;
+       struct task_struct *task = domain->local_addr_space->task;
+
+       if (!task->mm)
+               return -ENODEV;
+
+       ret = vaddr_get_pfn(task->mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
+       if (ret)
+               return ret;
+
+       rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
+
+       if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && task->mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
+               put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
+               pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
+                       limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
+               return -ENOMEM;
+       }
+
+       if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
+               vfio_lock_acct(task, 1);
+
+       return 1;
+}
+
+static void __vfio_unpin_page_local(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+                                   unsigned long pfn, int prot,
+                                   bool do_accounting)
+{
+       put_pfn(pfn, prot);
+
+       if (do_accounting)
+               vfio_lock_acct(domain->local_addr_space->task, -1);
+}
+
+static int vfio_unpin_pfn(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+                         struct vfio_pfn *vpfn, bool do_accounting)
+{
+       __vfio_unpin_page_local(domain, vpfn->pfn, vpfn->prot,
+                               do_accounting);
+
+       if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vpfn->ref_count))
+               vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(domain, vpfn);
+
+       return 1;
+}
+
+static long vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
+                                      unsigned long *user_pfn,
+                                      long npage, int prot,
+                                      unsigned long *phys_pfn)
+{
+       struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+       struct vfio_domain *domain;
+       int i, j, ret;
+       long retpage;
+       unsigned long remote_vaddr;
+       unsigned long *pfn = phys_pfn;
+       struct vfio_dma *dma;
+       bool do_accounting;
+
+       if (!iommu || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+       if (!iommu->local_domain) {
+               ret = -EINVAL;
+               goto pin_done;
+       }
+
+       domain = iommu->local_domain;
+
+       /*
+        * If iommu capable domain exist in the container then all pages are
+        * already pinned and accounted. Accouting should be done if there is no
+        * iommu capable domain in the container.
+        */
+       do_accounting = !IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu);
+
+       for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
+               struct vfio_pfn *p;
+               dma_addr_t iova;
+
+               iova = user_pfn[i] << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+               dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
+               if (!dma) {
+                       ret = -EINVAL;
+                       goto pin_unwind;
+               }
+
+               remote_vaddr = dma->vaddr + iova - dma->iova;
+
+               retpage = __vfio_pin_page_local(domain, remote_vaddr, prot,
+                                               &pfn[i], do_accounting);
+               if (retpage <= 0) {
+                       WARN_ON(!retpage);
+                       ret = (int)retpage;
+                       goto pin_unwind;
+               }
+
+               mutex_lock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+               /* search if pfn exist */
+               p = vfio_find_pfn(domain, pfn[i]);
+               if (p) {
+                       atomic_inc(&p->ref_count);
+                       mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+                       continue;
+               }
+
+               ret = vfio_add_to_pfn_list(domain, remote_vaddr, iova,
+                                          pfn[i], prot);
+               mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+               if (ret) {
+                       __vfio_unpin_page_local(domain, pfn[i], prot,
+                                               do_accounting);
+                       goto pin_unwind;
+               }
+       }
+
+       ret = i;
+       goto pin_done;
+
+pin_unwind:
+       pfn[i] = 0;
+       mutex_lock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+       for (j = 0; j < i; j++) {
+               struct vfio_pfn *p;
+
+               p = vfio_find_pfn(domain, pfn[j]);
+               if (p)
+                       vfio_unpin_pfn(domain, p, do_accounting);
+
+               pfn[j] = 0;
+       }
+       mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+pin_done:
+       mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static long vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *pfn,
+                                        long npage)
+{
+       struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+       struct vfio_domain *domain = NULL;
+       bool do_accounting;
+       long unlocked = 0;
+       int i;
+
+       if (!iommu || !pfn)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+       domain = iommu->local_domain;
+
+       do_accounting = !IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu);
+
+       mutex_lock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+       for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
+               struct vfio_pfn *p;
 
+               /* verify if pfn exist in pfn_list */
+               p = vfio_find_pfn(domain, pfn[i]);
+               if (p)
+                       unlocked += vfio_unpin_pfn(domain, p, do_accounting);
+
+       }
+       mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+       mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
        return unlocked;
 }
 
@@ -341,6 +670,10 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, 
struct vfio_dma *dma)
 
        if (!dma->size)
                return;
+
+       if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+               return;
+
        /*
         * We use the IOMMU to track the physical addresses, otherwise we'd
         * need a much more complicated tracking system.  Unfortunately that
@@ -382,15 +715,16 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, 
struct vfio_dma *dma)
                if (WARN_ON(!unmapped))
                        break;
 
-               unlocked += vfio_unpin_pages(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-                                            unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-                                            dma->prot, false);
+               unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(iommu, phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+                                                     unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+                                                     dma->prot, false);
                iova += unmapped;
 
                cond_resched();
        }
 
-       vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
+       dma->iommu_mapped = false;
+       vfio_lock_acct(current, -unlocked);
 }
 
 static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
@@ -558,17 +892,57 @@ unwind:
        return ret;
 }
 
+static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
+                           size_t map_size)
+{
+       dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova;
+       unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr;
+       size_t size = map_size;
+       long npage;
+       unsigned long pfn;
+       int ret = 0;
+
+       while (size) {
+               /* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
+               npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(iommu, vaddr + dma->size,
+                                               size >> PAGE_SHIFT, dma->prot,
+                                               &pfn);
+               if (npage <= 0) {
+                       WARN_ON(!npage);
+                       ret = (int)npage;
+                       break;
+               }
+
+               /* Map it! */
+               ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage,
+                                    dma->prot);
+               if (ret) {
+                       __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(iommu, pfn, npage, dma->prot,
+                                                 true);
+                       break;
+               }
+
+               size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
+               dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
+       }
+
+       dma->iommu_mapped = true;
+
+       if (ret)
+               vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
+
+       return ret;
+}
+
 static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
                           struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
 {
        dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
        unsigned long vaddr = map->vaddr;
        size_t size = map->size;
-       long npage;
        int ret = 0, prot = 0;
        uint64_t mask;
        struct vfio_dma *dma;
-       unsigned long pfn;
 
        /* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
        if (map->size != size || map->vaddr != vaddr || map->iova != iova)
@@ -611,29 +985,11 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
        /* Insert zero-sized and grow as we map chunks of it */
        vfio_link_dma(iommu, dma);
 
-       while (size) {
-               /* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
-               npage = vfio_pin_pages(vaddr + dma->size,
-                                      size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
-               if (npage <= 0) {
-                       WARN_ON(!npage);
-                       ret = (int)npage;
-                       break;
-               }
-
-               /* Map it! */
-               ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage, prot);
-               if (ret) {
-                       vfio_unpin_pages(pfn, npage, prot, true);
-                       break;
-               }
-
-               size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
-               dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
-       }
-
-       if (ret)
-               vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
+       /* Don't pin and map if container doesn't contain IOMMU capable domain*/
+       if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+               dma->size = size;
+       else
+               ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
 
        mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
        return ret;
@@ -662,10 +1018,6 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
        d = list_first_entry(&iommu->domain_list, struct vfio_domain, next);
        n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
 
-       /* If there's not a domain, there better not be any mappings */
-       if (WARN_ON(n && !d))
-               return -EINVAL;
-
        for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
                struct vfio_dma *dma;
                dma_addr_t iova;
@@ -674,20 +1026,43 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
                iova = dma->iova;
 
                while (iova < dma->iova + dma->size) {
-                       phys_addr_t phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain, iova);
+                       phys_addr_t phys;
                        size_t size;
 
-                       if (WARN_ON(!phys)) {
-                               iova += PAGE_SIZE;
-                               continue;
-                       }
+                       if (dma->iommu_mapped) {
+                               phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain, iova);
+
+                               if (WARN_ON(!phys)) {
+                                       iova += PAGE_SIZE;
+                                       continue;
+                               }
 
-                       size = PAGE_SIZE;
+                               size = PAGE_SIZE;
 
-                       while (iova + size < dma->iova + dma->size &&
-                              phys + size == iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain,
+                               while (iova + size < dma->iova + dma->size &&
+                                   phys + size == iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain,
                                                                 iova + size))
-                               size += PAGE_SIZE;
+                                       size += PAGE_SIZE;
+                       } else {
+                               unsigned long pfn;
+                               unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr +
+                                                    (iova - dma->iova);
+                               size_t n = dma->iova + dma->size - iova;
+                               long npage;
+
+                               npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(iommu, vaddr,
+                                                               n >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+                                                               dma->prot,
+                                                               &pfn);
+                               if (npage <= 0) {
+                                       WARN_ON(!npage);
+                                       ret = (int)npage;
+                                       return ret;
+                               }
+
+                               phys = pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
+                               size = npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
+                       }
 
                        ret = iommu_map(domain->domain, iova, phys,
                                        size, dma->prot | domain->prot);
@@ -696,6 +1071,8 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 
                        iova += size;
                }
+
+               dma->iommu_mapped = true;
        }
 
        return 0;
@@ -734,11 +1111,24 @@ static void vfio_test_domain_fgsp(struct vfio_domain 
*domain)
        __free_pages(pages, order);
 }
 
+static struct vfio_group *find_iommu_group(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+                                  struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+       struct vfio_group *g;
+
+       list_for_each_entry(g, &domain->group_list, next) {
+               if (g->iommu_group == iommu_group)
+                       return g;
+       }
+
+       return NULL;
+}
+
 static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
                                         struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
 {
        struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
-       struct vfio_group *group, *g;
+       struct vfio_group *group;
        struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
        struct bus_type *bus = NULL;
        int ret;
@@ -746,10 +1136,14 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void 
*iommu_data,
        mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
        list_for_each_entry(d, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
-               list_for_each_entry(g, &d->group_list, next) {
-                       if (g->iommu_group != iommu_group)
-                               continue;
+               if (find_iommu_group(d, iommu_group)) {
+                       mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+                       return -EINVAL;
+               }
+       }
 
+       if (iommu->local_domain) {
+               if (find_iommu_group(iommu->local_domain, iommu_group)) {
                        mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
                        return -EINVAL;
                }
@@ -769,6 +1163,30 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
        if (ret)
                goto out_free;
 
+       if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) && !iommu_present(bus) &&
+           (bus == &mdev_bus_type)) {
+               if (!iommu->local_domain) {
+                       domain->local_addr_space =
+                               kzalloc(sizeof(*domain->local_addr_space),
+                                               GFP_KERNEL);
+                       if (!domain->local_addr_space) {
+                               ret = -ENOMEM;
+                               goto out_free;
+                       }
+
+                       domain->local_addr_space->task = current;
+                       INIT_LIST_HEAD(&domain->group_list);
+                       domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list = RB_ROOT;
+                       mutex_init(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+                       iommu->local_domain = domain;
+               } else
+                       kfree(domain);
+
+               list_add(&group->next, &domain->group_list);
+               mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+               return 0;
+       }
+
        domain->domain = iommu_domain_alloc(bus);
        if (!domain->domain) {
                ret = -EIO;
@@ -859,6 +1277,41 @@ static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(struct vfio_iommu 
*iommu)
                vfio_remove_dma(iommu, rb_entry(node, struct vfio_dma, node));
 }
 
+static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
+{
+       struct vfio_domain *domain = iommu->local_domain;
+       struct vfio_dma *dma, *tdma;
+       struct rb_node *n;
+       long locked = 0;
+
+       rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(dma, tdma, &iommu->dma_list,
+                                            node) {
+               vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma);
+       }
+
+       mutex_lock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+       n = rb_first(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list);
+
+       for (; n; n = rb_next(n))
+               locked++;
+
+       vfio_lock_acct(domain->local_addr_space->task, locked);
+       mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+}
+
+static void vfio_local_unpin_all(struct vfio_domain *domain)
+{
+       struct rb_node *node;
+
+       mutex_lock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+       while ((node = rb_first(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list)))
+               vfio_unpin_pfn(domain,
+                               rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node), false);
+
+       mutex_unlock(&domain->local_addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+}
+
 static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
                                          struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
 {
@@ -868,31 +1321,57 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void 
*iommu_data,
 
        mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
-       list_for_each_entry(domain, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
-               list_for_each_entry(group, &domain->group_list, next) {
-                       if (group->iommu_group != iommu_group)
-                               continue;
-
-                       iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, iommu_group);
+       if (iommu->local_domain) {
+               domain = iommu->local_domain;
+               group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
+               if (group) {
                        list_del(&group->next);
                        kfree(group);
-                       /*
-                        * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group
-                        * list is empty, the domain goes away.  If it's the
-                        * last domain, then all the mappings go away too.
-                        */
+
                        if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
-                               if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list))
+                               vfio_local_unpin_all(domain);
+                               if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
                                        vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
-                               iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
-                               list_del(&domain->next);
                                kfree(domain);
+                               iommu->local_domain = NULL;
+                       }
+                       goto detach_group_done;
+               }
+       }
+
+       if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+               goto detach_group_done;
+
+       list_for_each_entry(domain, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
+               group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
+               if (!group)
+                       continue;
+
+               iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, iommu_group);
+               list_del(&group->next);
+               kfree(group);
+               /*
+                * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group list is
+                * empty, the domain goes away. If it's the last domain with
+                * iommu and local domain doesn't exist, then all the mappings
+                * go away too. If it's the last domain with iommu and local
+                * domain exist, update accounting
+                */
+               if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
+                       if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list)) {
+                               if (!iommu->local_domain)
+                                       vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
+                               else
+                                       vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(iommu);
                        }
-                       goto done;
+                       iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
+                       list_del(&domain->next);
+                       kfree(domain);
                }
+               break;
        }
 
-done:
+detach_group_done:
        mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
 }
 
@@ -924,27 +1403,48 @@ static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
        return iommu;
 }
 
+static void vfio_release_domain(struct vfio_domain *domain)
+{
+       struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
+
+       list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp,
+                                &domain->group_list, next) {
+               if (!domain->local_addr_space)
+                       iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, group->iommu_group);
+               list_del(&group->next);
+               kfree(group);
+       }
+
+       if (domain->local_addr_space)
+               vfio_local_unpin_all(domain);
+       else
+               iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
+}
+
 static void vfio_iommu_type1_release(void *iommu_data)
 {
        struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
        struct vfio_domain *domain, *domain_tmp;
-       struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
+
+       if (iommu->local_domain) {
+               vfio_release_domain(iommu->local_domain);
+               kfree(iommu->local_domain);
+               iommu->local_domain = NULL;
+       }
 
        vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
 
+       if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+               goto release_exit;
+
        list_for_each_entry_safe(domain, domain_tmp,
                                 &iommu->domain_list, next) {
-               list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp,
-                                        &domain->group_list, next) {
-                       iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, group->iommu_group);
-                       list_del(&group->next);
-                       kfree(group);
-               }
-               iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
+               vfio_release_domain(domain);
                list_del(&domain->next);
                kfree(domain);
        }
 
+release_exit:
        kfree(iommu);
 }
 
@@ -1048,6 +1548,8 @@ static const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops 
vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1 = {
        .ioctl          = vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
        .attach_group   = vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
        .detach_group   = vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
+       .pin_pages      = vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
+       .unpin_pages    = vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
 };
 
 static int __init vfio_iommu_type1_init(void)
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index 0ecae0b1cd34..0bd25ba6223d 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
 #include <linux/workqueue.h>
 #include <linux/poll.h>
 #include <uapi/linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
 
 /**
  * struct vfio_device_ops - VFIO bus driver device callbacks
@@ -75,7 +76,11 @@ struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops {
                                        struct iommu_group *group);
        void            (*detach_group)(void *iommu_data,
                                        struct iommu_group *group);
-
+       long            (*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+                                    long npage, int prot,
+                                    unsigned long *phys_pfn);
+       long            (*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *pfn,
+                                      long npage);
 };
 
 extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
@@ -127,6 +132,12 @@ static inline long vfio_spapr_iommu_eeh_ioctl(struct 
iommu_group *group,
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_EEH */
 
+extern long vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+                          long npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
+
+extern long vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *pfn,
+                            long npage);
+
 /*
  * IRQfd - generic
  */
-- 
2.7.0

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