Design for Mediated Device Driver:
Main purpose of this driver is to provide a common interface for mediated
device management that can be used by different drivers of different
devices.

This module provides a generic interface to create the device, add it to
mediated bus, add device to IOMMU group and then add it to vfio group.

Below is the high Level block diagram, with Nvidia, Intel and IBM devices
as example, since these are the devices which are going to actively use
this module as of now.

 +---------------+
 |               |
 | +-----------+ |  mdev_register_driver() +--------------+
 | |           | +<------------------------+ __init()     |
 | |  mdev     | |                         |              |
 | |  bus      | +------------------------>+              |<-> VFIO user
 | |  driver   | |     probe()/remove()    | vfio_mdev.ko |    APIs
 | |           | |                         |              |
 | +-----------+ |                         +--------------+
 |               |
 |  MDEV CORE    |
 |   MODULE      |
 |   mdev.ko     |
 | +-----------+ |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
 | |           | +<------------------------+              |
 | |           | |                         |  nvidia.ko   |<-> physical
 | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
 | |           | |        callback         +--------------+
 | | Physical  | |
 | |  device   | |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
 | | interface | |<------------------------+              |
 | |           | |                         |  i915.ko     |<-> physical
 | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
 | |           | |        callback         +--------------+
 | |           | |
 | |           | |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
 | |           | +<------------------------+              |
 | |           | |                         | ccw_device.ko|<-> physical
 | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
 | |           | |        callback         +--------------+
 | +-----------+ |
 +---------------+

Core driver provides two types of registration interfaces:
1. Registration interface for mediated bus driver:

/**
  * struct mdev_driver - Mediated device's driver
  * @name: driver name
  * @probe: called when new device created
  * @remove:called when device removed
  * @driver:device driver structure
  *
  **/
struct mdev_driver {
         const char *name;
         int  (*probe)  (struct device *dev);
         void (*remove) (struct device *dev);
         struct device_driver    driver;
};

Mediated bus driver for mdev device should use this interface to register
and unregister with core driver respectively:

int  mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner);
void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);

Medisted bus driver is responsible to add/delete mediated devices to/from
VFIO group when devices are bound and unbound to the driver.

2. Physical device driver interface
This interface provides vendor driver the set APIs to manage physical
device related work in its driver. APIs are :

* dev_attr_groups: attributes of the parent device.
* mdev_attr_groups: attributes of the mediated device.
* supported_type_groups: attributes to define supported type. This is
                         mandatory field.
* create: to allocate basic resources in driver for a mediated device.
* remove: to free resources in driver when mediated device is destroyed.
* open: open callback of mediated device
* release: release callback of mediated device
* read : read emulation callback.
* write: write emulation callback.
* mmap: mmap emulation callback.
* ioctl: ioctl callback.

Drivers should use these interfaces to register and unregister device to
mdev core driver respectively:

extern int  mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
                                 const struct parent_ops *ops);
extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);

There are no locks to serialize above callbacks in mdev driver and
vfio_mdev driver. If required, vendor driver can have locks to serialize
above APIs in their driver.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I73a5084574270b14541c529461ea2f03c292d510
---
 drivers/vfio/Kconfig             |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/Makefile            |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |  11 ++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   4 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c    | 372 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c  | 128 ++++++++++++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h |  41 +++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c   | 296 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mdev.h             | 177 +++++++++++++++++++
 9 files changed, 1031 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
index da6e2ce77495..23eced02aaf6 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
@@ -48,4 +48,5 @@ menuconfig VFIO_NOIOMMU
 
 source "drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/vfio/platform/Kconfig"
+source "drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig"
 source "virt/lib/Kconfig"
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
index 7b8a31f63fea..4a23c13b6be4 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
@@ -7,3 +7,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE) += vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_SPAPR_EEH) += vfio_spapr_eeh.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += pci/
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PLATFORM) += platform/
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev/
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..93addace9a67
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+
+config VFIO_MDEV
+    tristate "Mediated device driver framework"
+    depends on VFIO
+    default n
+    help
+        Provides a framework to virtualize devices which don't have SR_IOV
+       capability built-in.
+       See Documentation/vfio-mdev/vfio-mediated-device.txt for more details.
+
+        If you don't know what do here, say N.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..31bc04801d94
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+
+mdev-y := mdev_core.o mdev_sysfs.o mdev_driver.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7db5ec164aeb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
@@ -0,0 +1,372 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated device Core Driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
+ *            Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION         "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR          "NVIDIA Corporation"
+#define DRIVER_DESC            "Mediated device Core Driver"
+
+static LIST_HEAD(parent_list);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(parent_list_lock);
+static struct class_compat *mdev_bus_compat_class;
+
+static int _find_mdev_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+       struct mdev_device *mdev;
+
+       if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
+               return 0;
+
+       mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+       if (uuid_le_cmp(mdev->uuid, *(uuid_le *)data) == 0)
+               return 1;
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static struct mdev_device *__find_mdev_device(struct parent_device *parent,
+                                             uuid_le uuid)
+{
+       struct device *dev;
+
+       dev = device_find_child(parent->dev, &uuid, _find_mdev_device);
+       if (!dev)
+               return NULL;
+
+       put_device(dev);
+
+       return to_mdev_device(dev);
+}
+
+/* Should be called holding parent_list_lock */
+static struct parent_device *__find_parent_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+       struct parent_device *parent;
+
+       list_for_each_entry(parent, &parent_list, next) {
+               if (parent->dev == dev)
+                       return parent;
+       }
+       return NULL;
+}
+
+static void mdev_release_parent(struct kref *kref)
+{
+       struct parent_device *parent = container_of(kref, struct parent_device,
+                                                   ref);
+       struct device *dev = parent->dev;
+
+       kfree(parent);
+       put_device(dev);
+}
+
+static
+inline struct parent_device *mdev_get_parent(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+       if (parent)
+               kref_get(&parent->ref);
+
+       return parent;
+}
+
+static inline void mdev_put_parent(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+       if (parent)
+               kref_put(&parent->ref, mdev_release_parent);
+}
+
+static int mdev_device_create_ops(struct kobject *kobj,
+                                 struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+       struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+       int ret;
+
+       ret = parent->ops->create(kobj, mdev);
+       if (ret)
+               return ret;
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj,
+                                 parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups);
+       if (ret)
+               parent->ops->remove(mdev);
+
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static int mdev_device_remove_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, bool force_remove)
+{
+       struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+       int ret;
+
+       /*
+        * Vendor driver can return error if VMM or userspace application is
+        * using this mdev device.
+        */
+       ret = parent->ops->remove(mdev);
+       if (ret && !force_remove)
+               return -EBUSY;
+
+       sysfs_remove_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj, parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int mdev_device_remove_cb(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+       return mdev_device_remove(dev, data ? *(bool *)data : true);
+}
+
+/*
+ * mdev_register_device : Register a device
+ * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
+ * @ops: Parent device operation structure to be registered.
+ *
+ * Add device to list of registered parent devices.
+ * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
+ */
+int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct parent_ops *ops)
+{
+       int ret = 0;
+       struct parent_device *parent;
+
+       /* check for mandatory ops */
+       if (!ops || !ops->create || !ops->remove || !ops->supported_type_groups)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       dev = get_device(dev);
+       if (!dev)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       mutex_lock(&parent_list_lock);
+
+       /* Check for duplicate */
+       parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
+       if (parent) {
+               ret = -EEXIST;
+               goto add_dev_err;
+       }
+
+       parent = kzalloc(sizeof(*parent), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!parent) {
+               ret = -ENOMEM;
+               goto add_dev_err;
+       }
+
+       kref_init(&parent->ref);
+
+       parent->dev = dev;
+       parent->ops = ops;
+
+       ret = parent_create_sysfs_files(parent);
+       if (ret) {
+               mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+               mdev_put_parent(parent);
+               return ret;
+       }
+
+       ret = class_compat_create_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
+       if (ret)
+               dev_warn(dev, "Failed to create compatibility class link\n");
+
+       list_add(&parent->next, &parent_list);
+       mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+
+       dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Registered\n");
+       return 0;
+
+add_dev_err:
+       mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+       put_device(dev);
+       return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_device);
+
+/*
+ * mdev_unregister_device : Unregister a parent device
+ * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
+ *
+ * Remove device from list of registered parent devices. Give a chance to free
+ * existing mediated devices for given device.
+ */
+
+void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+       struct parent_device *parent;
+       bool force_remove = true;
+
+       mutex_lock(&parent_list_lock);
+       parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
+
+       if (!parent) {
+               mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+               return;
+       }
+       dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Unregistering\n");
+
+       /*
+        * Remove parent from the list and remove "mdev_supported_types"
+        * sysfs files so that no new mediated device could be
+        * created for this parent
+        */
+       list_del(&parent->next);
+       parent_remove_sysfs_files(parent);
+
+       mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+
+       class_compat_remove_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
+
+       device_for_each_child(dev, (void *)&force_remove,
+                             mdev_device_remove_cb);
+       mdev_put_parent(parent);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_device);
+
+static void mdev_device_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+       struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+       dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: destroying\n");
+       kfree(mdev);
+}
+
+int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
+{
+       int ret;
+       struct mdev_device *mdev;
+       struct parent_device *parent;
+       struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+
+       parent = mdev_get_parent(type->parent);
+       if (!parent)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       /* Check for duplicate */
+       mdev = __find_mdev_device(parent, uuid);
+       if (mdev) {
+               ret = -EEXIST;
+               goto create_err;
+       }
+
+       mdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*mdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!mdev) {
+               ret = -ENOMEM;
+               goto create_err;
+       }
+
+       memcpy(&mdev->uuid, &uuid, sizeof(uuid_le));
+       mdev->parent = parent;
+       kref_init(&mdev->ref);
+
+       mdev->dev.parent  = dev;
+       mdev->dev.bus     = &mdev_bus_type;
+       mdev->dev.release = mdev_device_release;
+       dev_set_name(&mdev->dev, "%pUl", uuid.b);
+
+       ret = device_register(&mdev->dev);
+       if (ret) {
+               put_device(&mdev->dev);
+               goto create_err;
+       }
+
+       ret = mdev_device_create_ops(kobj, mdev);
+       if (ret)
+               goto create_failed;
+
+       ret = mdev_create_sysfs_files(&mdev->dev, type);
+       if (ret) {
+               mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, true);
+               goto create_failed;
+       }
+
+       mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
+       dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: created\n");
+
+       return ret;
+
+create_failed:
+       device_unregister(&mdev->dev);
+
+create_err:
+       mdev_put_parent(parent);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove)
+{
+       struct mdev_device *mdev;
+       struct parent_device *parent;
+       struct mdev_type *type;
+       int ret = 0;
+
+       if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
+               return 0;
+
+       mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+       parent = mdev->parent;
+       type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
+
+       ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
+       if (ret)
+               return ret;
+
+       mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
+       device_unregister(dev);
+       mdev_put_parent(parent);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static int __init mdev_init(void)
+{
+       int ret;
+
+       ret = mdev_bus_register();
+       if (ret) {
+               pr_err("Failed to register mdev bus\n");
+               return ret;
+       }
+
+       mdev_bus_compat_class = class_compat_register("mdev_bus");
+       if (!mdev_bus_compat_class) {
+               mdev_bus_unregister();
+               return -ENOMEM;
+       }
+
+       /*
+        * Attempt to load known vfio_mdev.  This gives us a working environment
+        * without the user needing to explicitly load vfio_mdev driver.
+        */
+       request_module_nowait("vfio_mdev");
+
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit mdev_exit(void)
+{
+       class_compat_unregister(mdev_bus_compat_class);
+       mdev_bus_unregister();
+}
+
+module_init(mdev_init)
+module_exit(mdev_exit)
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7768ef87f528
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
@@ -0,0 +1,128 @@
+/*
+ * MDEV driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
+ *            Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+static int mdev_attach_iommu(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+       int ret;
+       struct iommu_group *group;
+
+       group = iommu_group_alloc();
+       if (IS_ERR(group)) {
+               dev_err(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: failed to allocate group!\n");
+               return PTR_ERR(group);
+       }
+
+       ret = iommu_group_add_device(group, &mdev->dev);
+       if (ret) {
+               dev_err(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: failed to add dev to group!\n");
+               goto attach_fail;
+       }
+
+       dev_info(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: group_id = %d\n",
+                                iommu_group_id(group));
+attach_fail:
+       iommu_group_put(group);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static void mdev_detach_iommu(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+       iommu_group_remove_device(&mdev->dev);
+       dev_info(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: detaching iommu\n");
+}
+
+static int mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+       struct mdev_driver *drv = to_mdev_driver(dev->driver);
+       struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+       int ret;
+
+       ret = mdev_attach_iommu(mdev);
+       if (ret) {
+               dev_err(dev, "Failed to attach IOMMU\n");
+               return ret;
+       }
+
+       if (drv && drv->probe)
+               ret = drv->probe(dev);
+
+       if (ret)
+               mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
+
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static int mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+       struct mdev_driver *drv = to_mdev_driver(dev->driver);
+       struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+       if (drv && drv->remove)
+               drv->remove(dev);
+
+       mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+struct bus_type mdev_bus_type = {
+       .name           = "mdev",
+       .probe          = mdev_probe,
+       .remove         = mdev_remove,
+};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mdev_bus_type);
+
+/*
+ * mdev_register_driver - register a new MDEV driver
+ * @drv: the driver to register
+ * @owner: module owner of driver to be registered
+ *
+ * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
+ */
+int mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner)
+{
+       /* initialize common driver fields */
+       drv->driver.name = drv->name;
+       drv->driver.bus = &mdev_bus_type;
+       drv->driver.owner = owner;
+
+       /* register with core */
+       return driver_register(&drv->driver);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_driver);
+
+/*
+ * mdev_unregister_driver - unregister MDEV driver
+ * @drv: the driver to unregister
+ *
+ */
+void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv)
+{
+       driver_unregister(&drv->driver);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_driver);
+
+int mdev_bus_register(void)
+{
+       return bus_register(&mdev_bus_type);
+}
+
+void mdev_bus_unregister(void)
+{
+       bus_unregister(&mdev_bus_type);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..000c93fcfdbd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated device interal definitions
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
+ *            Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef MDEV_PRIVATE_H
+#define MDEV_PRIVATE_H
+
+int  mdev_bus_register(void);
+void mdev_bus_unregister(void);
+
+struct mdev_type {
+       struct kobject kobj;
+       struct kobject *devices_kobj;
+       struct parent_device *parent;
+       struct list_head next;
+       struct attribute_group *group;
+};
+
+#define to_mdev_type_attr(_attr)       \
+       container_of(_attr, struct mdev_type_attribute, attr)
+#define to_mdev_type(_kobj)            \
+       container_of(_kobj, struct mdev_type, kobj)
+
+int  parent_create_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent);
+void parent_remove_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent);
+
+int  mdev_create_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type);
+void mdev_remove_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type);
+
+int  mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le 
uuid);
+int  mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove);
+
+#endif /* MDEV_PRIVATE_H */
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..426e35cf79d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,296 @@
+/*
+ * File attributes for Mediated devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
+ *            Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+/* Static functions */
+
+static ssize_t mdev_type_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+                                    struct attribute *__attr, char *buf)
+{
+       struct mdev_type_attribute *attr = to_mdev_type_attr(__attr);
+       struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+       ssize_t ret = -EIO;
+
+       if (attr->show)
+               ret = attr->show(kobj, type->parent->dev, buf);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mdev_type_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj,
+                                     struct attribute *__attr,
+                                     const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       struct mdev_type_attribute *attr = to_mdev_type_attr(__attr);
+       struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+       ssize_t ret = -EIO;
+
+       if (attr->store)
+               ret = attr->store(&type->kobj, type->parent->dev, buf, count);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct sysfs_ops mdev_type_sysfs_ops = {
+       .show = mdev_type_attr_show,
+       .store = mdev_type_attr_store,
+};
+
+static ssize_t create_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+                           const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       char *str;
+       uuid_le uuid;
+       int ret;
+
+       if (count < UUID_STRING_LEN)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       str = kstrndup(buf, count, GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!str)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       ret = uuid_le_to_bin(str, &uuid);
+       if (!ret) {
+
+               ret = mdev_device_create(kobj, dev, uuid);
+               if (ret)
+                       pr_err("mdev_create: Failed to create mdev device\n");
+               else
+                       ret = count;
+       }
+
+       kfree(str);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_WO(create);
+
+static void mdev_type_release(struct kobject *kobj)
+{
+       struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+
+       pr_debug("Releasing group %s\n", kobj->name);
+       kfree(type);
+}
+
+static struct kobj_type mdev_type_ktype = {
+       .sysfs_ops = &mdev_type_sysfs_ops,
+       .release = mdev_type_release,
+};
+
+struct mdev_type *add_mdev_supported_type(struct parent_device *parent,
+                                         struct attribute_group *group)
+{
+       struct mdev_type *type;
+       int ret;
+
+       if (!group->name) {
+               pr_err("%s: Type name empty!\n", __func__);
+               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+       }
+
+       type = kzalloc(sizeof(*type), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!type)
+               return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+       type->kobj.kset = parent->mdev_types_kset;
+
+       ret = kobject_init_and_add(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_ktype, NULL,
+                                  "%s-%s", dev_driver_string(parent->dev),
+                                  group->name);
+       if (ret) {
+               kfree(type);
+               return ERR_PTR(ret);
+       }
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_file(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_attr_create.attr);
+       if (ret)
+               goto attr_create_failed;
+
+       type->devices_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("devices", &type->kobj);
+       if (!type->devices_kobj) {
+               ret = -ENOMEM;
+               goto attr_devices_failed;
+       }
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_files(&type->kobj,
+                                (const struct attribute **)group->attrs);
+       if (ret) {
+               ret = -ENOMEM;
+               goto attrs_failed;
+       }
+
+       type->group = group;
+       type->parent = parent;
+       return type;
+
+attrs_failed:
+       kobject_put(type->devices_kobj);
+attr_devices_failed:
+       sysfs_remove_file(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_attr_create.attr);
+attr_create_failed:
+       kobject_del(&type->kobj);
+       kobject_put(&type->kobj);
+       return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+static void remove_mdev_supported_type(struct mdev_type *type)
+{
+       sysfs_remove_files(&type->kobj,
+                          (const struct attribute **)type->group->attrs);
+       kobject_put(type->devices_kobj);
+       sysfs_remove_file(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_attr_create.attr);
+       kobject_del(&type->kobj);
+       kobject_put(&type->kobj);
+}
+
+static int add_mdev_supported_type_groups(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+       int i;
+
+       for (i = 0; parent->ops->supported_type_groups[i]; i++) {
+               struct mdev_type *type;
+
+               type = add_mdev_supported_type(parent,
+                                       parent->ops->supported_type_groups[i]);
+               if (IS_ERR(type)) {
+                       struct mdev_type *ltype, *tmp;
+
+                       list_for_each_entry_safe(ltype, tmp, &parent->type_list,
+                                                 next) {
+                               list_del(&ltype->next);
+                               remove_mdev_supported_type(ltype);
+                       }
+                       return PTR_ERR(type);
+               }
+               list_add(&type->next, &parent->type_list);
+       }
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/* mdev sysfs Functions */
+
+void parent_remove_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+       struct mdev_type *type, *tmp;
+
+       list_for_each_entry_safe(type, tmp, &parent->type_list, next) {
+               list_del(&type->next);
+               remove_mdev_supported_type(type);
+       }
+
+       sysfs_remove_groups(&parent->dev->kobj, parent->ops->dev_attr_groups);
+       kset_unregister(parent->mdev_types_kset);
+}
+
+int parent_create_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+       int ret;
+
+       parent->mdev_types_kset = kset_create_and_add("mdev_supported_types",
+                                              NULL, &parent->dev->kobj);
+
+       if (!parent->mdev_types_kset)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       INIT_LIST_HEAD(&parent->type_list);
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_groups(&parent->dev->kobj,
+                                 parent->ops->dev_attr_groups);
+       if (ret)
+               goto create_err;
+
+       ret = add_mdev_supported_type_groups(parent);
+       if (ret)
+               sysfs_remove_groups(&parent->dev->kobj,
+                                   parent->ops->dev_attr_groups);
+       else
+               return ret;
+
+create_err:
+       kset_unregister(parent->mdev_types_kset);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t remove_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+                           const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       unsigned long val;
+
+       if (kstrtoul(buf, 0, &val) < 0)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       if (val && device_remove_file_self(dev, attr)) {
+               int ret;
+
+               ret = mdev_device_remove(dev, false);
+               if (ret) {
+                       device_create_file(dev, attr);
+                       return ret;
+               }
+       }
+
+       return count;
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(remove);
+
+static const struct attribute *mdev_device_attrs[] = {
+       &dev_attr_remove.attr,
+       NULL,
+};
+
+int  mdev_create_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type)
+{
+       int ret;
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_files(&dev->kobj, mdev_device_attrs);
+       if (ret) {
+               pr_err("Failed to create remove sysfs entry\n");
+               return ret;
+       }
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_link(type->devices_kobj, &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev));
+       if (ret) {
+               pr_err("Failed to create symlink in types\n");
+               goto device_link_failed;
+       }
+
+       ret = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &type->kobj, "mdev_type");
+       if (ret) {
+               pr_err("Failed to create symlink in device directory\n");
+               goto type_link_failed;
+       }
+
+       return ret;
+
+type_link_failed:
+       sysfs_remove_link(type->devices_kobj, dev_name(dev));
+device_link_failed:
+       sysfs_remove_files(&dev->kobj, mdev_device_attrs);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+void mdev_remove_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type)
+{
+       sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "mdev_type");
+       sysfs_remove_link(type->devices_kobj, dev_name(dev));
+       sysfs_remove_files(&dev->kobj, mdev_device_attrs);
+
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..727209b2a67f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
@@ -0,0 +1,177 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated device definition
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <c...@nvidia.com>
+ *            Kirti Wankhede <kwankh...@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef MDEV_H
+#define MDEV_H
+
+#include <uapi/linux/vfio.h>
+
+struct parent_device;
+
+/* Mediated device */
+struct mdev_device {
+       struct device           dev;
+       struct parent_device    *parent;
+       uuid_le                 uuid;
+       void                    *driver_data;
+
+       /* internal only */
+       struct kref             ref;
+       struct list_head        next;
+       struct kobject          *type_kobj;
+};
+
+
+/**
+ * struct parent_ops - Structure to be registered for each parent device to
+ * register the device to mdev module.
+ *
+ * @owner:             The module owner.
+ * @dev_attr_groups:   Attributes of the parent device.
+ * @mdev_attr_groups:  Attributes of the mediated device.
+ * @supported_type_groups: Attributes to define supported types. It is 
mandatory
+ *                     to provide supported types.
+ * @create:            Called to allocate basic resources in parent device's
+ *                     driver for a particular mediated device. It is
+ *                     mandatory to provide create ops.
+ *                     @kobj: kobject of type for which 'create' is called.
+ *                     @mdev: mdev_device structure on of mediated device
+ *                           that is being created
+ *                     Returns integer: success (0) or error (< 0)
+ * @remove:            Called to free resources in parent device's driver for a
+ *                     a mediated device. It is mandatory to provide 'remove'
+ *                     ops.
+ *                     @mdev: mdev_device device structure which is being
+ *                            destroyed
+ *                     Returns integer: success (0) or error (< 0)
+ * @open:              Open mediated device.
+ *                     @mdev: mediated device.
+ *                     Returns integer: success (0) or error (< 0)
+ * @release:           release mediated device
+ *                     @mdev: mediated device.
+ * @read:              Read emulation callback
+ *                     @mdev: mediated device structure
+ *                     @buf: read buffer
+ *                     @count: number of bytes to read
+ *                     @ppos: address.
+ *                     Retuns number on bytes read on success or error.
+ * @write:             Write emulation callback
+ *                     @mdev: mediated device structure
+ *                     @buf: write buffer
+ *                     @count: number of bytes to be written
+ *                     @ppos: address.
+ *                     Retuns number on bytes written on success or error.
+ * @ioctl:             IOCTL callback
+ *                     @mdev: mediated device structure
+ *                     @cmd: mediated device structure
+ *                     @arg: mediated device structure
+ * @mmap:              mmap callback
+ * Parent device that support mediated device should be registered with mdev
+ * module with parent_ops structure.
+ */
+
+struct parent_ops {
+       struct module   *owner;
+       const struct attribute_group **dev_attr_groups;
+       const struct attribute_group **mdev_attr_groups;
+       struct attribute_group **supported_type_groups;
+
+       int     (*create)(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev);
+       int     (*remove)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+       int     (*open)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+       void    (*release)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+       ssize_t (*read)(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+                       size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
+       ssize_t (*write)(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
+                        size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
+       ssize_t (*ioctl)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+                        unsigned long arg);
+       int     (*mmap)(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+};
+
+/* Parent Device */
+struct parent_device {
+       struct device           *dev;
+       const struct parent_ops *ops;
+
+       /* internal */
+       struct kref             ref;
+       struct list_head        next;
+       struct kset *mdev_types_kset;
+       struct list_head        type_list;
+};
+
+/* interface for exporting mdev supported type attributes */
+struct mdev_type_attribute {
+       struct attribute attr;
+       ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf);
+       ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+                        const char *buf, size_t count);
+};
+
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store)            \
+struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name =            \
+       __ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store)
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(_name) \
+       struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW(_name)
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(_name) \
+       struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name)
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_WO(_name) \
+       struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name = __ATTR_WO(_name)
+
+/**
+ * struct mdev_driver - Mediated device driver
+ * @name: driver name
+ * @probe: called when new device created
+ * @remove: called when device removed
+ * @driver: device driver structure
+ *
+ **/
+struct mdev_driver {
+       const char *name;
+       int  (*probe)(struct device *dev);
+       void (*remove)(struct device *dev);
+       struct device_driver driver;
+};
+
+static inline struct mdev_driver *to_mdev_driver(struct device_driver *drv)
+{
+       return drv ? container_of(drv, struct mdev_driver, driver) : NULL;
+}
+
+static inline struct mdev_device *to_mdev_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+       return dev ? container_of(dev, struct mdev_device, dev) : NULL;
+}
+
+static inline void *mdev_get_drvdata(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+       return mdev->driver_data;
+}
+
+static inline void mdev_set_drvdata(struct mdev_device *mdev, void *data)
+{
+       mdev->driver_data = data;
+}
+
+extern struct bus_type mdev_bus_type;
+
+#define dev_is_mdev(d) ((d)->bus == &mdev_bus_type)
+
+extern int  mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
+                                const struct parent_ops *ops);
+extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);
+
+extern int  mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module 
*owner);
+extern void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);
+
+#endif /* MDEV_H */
-- 
2.7.0

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