On Thu, Mar 01, 2018 at 12:35:49PM -0800, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> On 03/01/2018 03:49 AM, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > On Wed, Feb 28, 2018 at 02:17:33PM -0800, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > > On 02/25/2018 06:36 AM, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > > > On Fri, Feb 23, 2018 at 04:53:18PM -0800, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > > > > On 01/02/2018 03:25 AM, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
> > > > > > +static void dsu_pmu_event_update(struct perf_event *event)
> > > > > > +{
> > > > > > +   struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > > > > > +   u64 delta, prev_count, new_count;
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +   do {
> > > > > > +           /* We may also be called from the irq handler */
> > > > > > +           prev_count = local64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
> > > > > > +           new_count = dsu_pmu_read_counter(event);
> > > > > > +   } while (local64_cmpxchg(&hwc->prev_count, prev_count, 
> > > > > > new_count) !=
> > > > > > +                   prev_count);
> > > > > > +   delta = (new_count - prev_count) & 
> > > > > > DSU_PMU_COUNTER_MASK(hwc->idx);
> > > > > > +   local64_add(delta, &event->count);
> > > > > > +}
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +static void dsu_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
> > > > > > +{
> > > > > > +   dsu_pmu_event_update(event);
> > > > > > +}
> > > > 
> > > > > I sent out a patch that'll allow PMUs to set an event flag to avoid
> > > > > unnecessary smp calls when the event can be read from any CPU. You 
> > > > > could
> > > > > just always set that if you can't have multiple DSU's running the 
> > > > > kernel (I
> > > > > don't know if the current ARM designs support having multiple DSUs in 
> > > > > a
> > > > > SoC/system) or set it if associated_cpus == cpu_present_mask.
> > > > 
> > > > As-is, that won't be safe, given the read function calls the 
> > > > event_update()
> > > > function, which has side-effects on hwc->prec_count and event->count. 
> > > > Those
> > > > need to be serialized somehow.
> > > 
> > > You have to grab the dsu_pmu->pmu_lock spin lock anyway because the system
> > > registers are shared across all CPUs.
> > 
> > I believe that lock is currently superfluous, because the perf core
> > ensures operations are cpu-affine, and have interrupts disabled in most
> > cases (thanks to the context lock).
> 
> I don't think it's superfluous. You have a common "event counter" selection
> register and a common "event counter value" register. You can two CPUs
> racing to read two unrelated event counters and end up causing one of them
> to read a bogus value from the wrong event counter.

It's important to note that the DSU PMU's event_init() ensures events
are affine to a single CPU, and the perf core code serializes operations
on those events via the context lock.

Therefore, two CPUs *won't* try to access the registers simultaneously.

If events could be active on multiple CPUs simultaneously, I agree that
the lock would be necessary. However, there would also be other problems
to deal with in that case.

If we want to allow pmu::read() from arbitrary CPUs the DSU is affine
to, I agree we'd need the lock to serialize accesses to the registers
and data structures.

Thanks,
Mark.

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