On Monday 12 March 2018 10:59 PM, Richard Weinberger wrote:
On Mon, Mar 12, 2018 at 5:27 PM, arvindY <arvind.yadav...@gmail.com> wrote:

On Monday 12 March 2018 08:13 PM, David Miller wrote:
From: Arvind Yadav <arvind.yadav...@gmail.com>
Date: Fri,  9 Mar 2018 16:11:17 +0530

if device_register() returned an error! Always use put_device()
to give up the reference initialized.

Signed-off-by: Arvind Yadav <arvind.yadav...@gmail.com>
I do not see anything giving cls_dev an initial non-zero reference
count before this device_register() call.
Yes,  you are correct there is nothing to release (hnae_release).
Wait, this is not what DaveM said.
Since you sent also patches to MTD I care about this too.

Do we have to call put_device() in any case after a failure of
device_register() or not?
In this case the release function is empty, so nothing is going to released.
But technically a put_device() is needed and correct according to your
change log.

I have to admit I don't know all details of the driver core, maybe you
can help me.
device_register() calls device_initialize() followed by device_add().
device_initialize() does a kobject_init() which again sets the
reference counter to 1 via kref_init().
In the next step device_add() does a get_device() --> reference
counter goes up to 2.
But in the exit path of the function a put_device() is done, also in
case of an error.
So device_register() always returns with reference count 1.

If I understand this correctly a put_device() is mandatory.
Also in this driver.
Can you please enlighten me? :-)

Oh, I just miss understood david question.

But what ever you are telling that is correct.
device_initialize() will call kref_init() which is setting
refcount 1 by refcount_set(&kref->refcount, 1).
and device_add() will call kref_get() to increment refcount
by calling refcount_inc(&kref->refcount).
So we need put_device() to decrement and release the
Internally it'll call kref_put() -> refcount_dec_and_test(&kref->refcount)
to decrement refcount.


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