On 05.04.2018 01:29, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
Nagarathnam Muthusamy <nagarathnam.muthus...@oracle.com> writes:

On 04/04/2018 12:11 PM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
Each process have different pids, one for each pid namespace it belongs.
When interaction happens within single pid-ns translation isn't required.
More complicated scenarios needs special handling.

For example:
- reading pid-files or logs written inside container with pid namespace
- attaching with ptrace to tasks from different pid namespace
- passing pids across pid namespaces in any kind of API

Currently there are several interfaces that could be used here:

Pid namespaces are identified by inode number of /proc/[pid]/ns/pid.

Using the inode number in interfaces is not an option.  Especially not
withou referencing the device number for the filesystem as well.

This is supposed to be single-instance fs,
not part of proc but referenced but its magic "symlinks".

Device numbers are not mentioned in "man namespaces".

Pids for nested Pid namespaces are shown in file /proc/[pid]/status.
In some cases conversion pid -> vpid could be easily done using this
information, but backward translation requires scanning all tasks.

Unix socket automatically translates pid attached to SCM_CREDENTIALS.
This requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN for sending arbitrary pids and entering
into pid namespace, this expose process and could be insecure.

This patch adds new syscall for converting pids between pid namespaces:

pid_t translate_pid(pid_t pid, int source_type, int source,
                                 int target_type, int target);

@source_type and @target_type defines type of following arguments:

TRANSLATE_PID_CURRENT_PIDNS  - current pid namespace, argument is unused
TRANSLATE_PID_TASK_PIDNS     - task pid-ns, argument is task pid

I believe using pid to represent the namespace has been already
discussed in V1 of this patch in https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/9/22/1087
after which we moved on to fd based version of this interface.

Or in short why is the case of pids important?

You Konstantin you almost said why they were important in your message
saying you were going to send this one.  However you don't explain in
your description why you want to identify pid namespaces by pid.

Open of /proc/[pid]/ns/pid requires same permissions as ptrace,
pid based variant doesn't have such restrictions.
Most pid-based syscalls are racy in some cases but they are
here for decades and everybody knowns how to deal with it.
So, I've decided to merge both worlds in one interface which clearly tells what 
to expect.

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