snd_ad1889_ac97_ready() is never called in atomic context.

The call chain ending up at snd_ad1889_ac97_ready() is:
[1] snd_ad1889_ac97_ready() <- snd_ad1889_ac97_xinit() <- 
        snd_ad1889_ac97_init() <- snd_ad1889_probe()

snd_ad1889_probe() is only set as ".probe" in struct pci_driver.
This function is not called in atomic context.

Despite never getting called from atomic context, snd_ad1889_ac97_ready()
calls mdelay for busy wait.
This is not necessary and can be replaced with usleep_range to
avoid busy waiting.

This is found by a static analysis tool named DCNS written by myself.

Signed-off-by: Jia-Ju Bai <>
 sound/pci/ad1889.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/sound/pci/ad1889.c b/sound/pci/ad1889.c
index 0bf2c04..a2a8e1d 100644
--- a/sound/pci/ad1889.c
+++ b/sound/pci/ad1889.c
@@ -258,7 +258,7 @@ struct snd_ad1889 {
        while (!(ad1889_readw(chip, AD_AC97_ACIC) & AD_AC97_ACIC_ACRDY) 
                        && --retry)
-               mdelay(1);
+               usleep_range(1000, 2000);
        if (!retry) {
                dev_err(chip->card->dev, "[%s] Link is not ready.\n",

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