usb_bulk_urb_init() is never called in atomic context.

The call chains ending up at usb_bulk_urb_init() are:
[1] usb_bulk_urb_init() <- usb_urb_init()
        <- dvb_usb_adapter_stream_init() <- dvb_usb_adapter_init 
        <- dvb_usb_init() <- dvb_usb_device_init() <- xxx_probe()
xxx_probe including ttusb2_probe, vp7045_usb_probe, a800_probe, and so on.
These xxx_probe() functions are set as ".probe" in struct usb_driver.
And these functions are not called in atomic context.

Despite never getting called from atomic context,
usb_bulk_urb_init() calls usb_alloc_urb() with GFP_ATOMIC,
which does not sleep for allocation.
GFP_ATOMIC is not necessary and can be replaced with GFP_KERNEL,
which can sleep and improve the possibility of sucessful allocation.

This is found by a static analysis tool named DCNS written by myself.
And I also manually check it.

Signed-off-by: Jia-Ju Bai <>
 drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb/usb-urb.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb/usb-urb.c 
index 8917360..d6d62e8 100644
--- a/drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb/usb-urb.c
+++ b/drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb/usb-urb.c
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ static int usb_bulk_urb_init(struct usb_data_stream *stream)
        /* allocate the URBs */
        for (i = 0; i < stream->props.count; i++) {
-               stream->urb_list[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_ATOMIC);
+               stream->urb_list[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
                if (!stream->urb_list[i]) {
                        deb_mem("not enough memory for urb_alloc_urb!.\n");
                        for (j = 0; j < i; j++)

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