Clarify that MAP_FIXED is appropriate if the specified address range has
been reserved using an existing mapping, but shouldn't be used otherwise.

Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <>
 man2/mmap.2 | 19 +++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/man2/mmap.2 b/man2/mmap.2
index bef8b4432..80c9ec285 100644
--- a/man2/mmap.2
+++ b/man2/mmap.2
@@ -253,8 +253,9 @@ Software that aspires to be portable should use this option 
with care,
 keeping in mind that the exact layout of a process's memory mappings
 is allowed to change significantly between kernel versions,
 C library versions, and operating system releases.
-Furthermore, this option is extremely hazardous (when used on its own),
-because it forcibly removes preexisting mappings,
+This option should only be used when the specified memory region has
+already been reserved using another mapping; otherwise, it is extremely
+hazardous because it forcibly removes preexisting mappings,
 making it easy for a multithreaded process to corrupt its own address space.
 For example, suppose that thread A looks through
@@ -284,13 +285,15 @@ and the PAM libraries
 .UE .
-Newer kernels
-(Linux 4.17 and later) have a
+For cases in which the specified memory region has not been reserved using an
+existing mapping, newer kernels (Linux 4.17 and later) provide an option
-option that avoids the corruption problem; if available,
-should be preferred over
+that should be used instead; older kernels require the caller to use
+.I addr
+as a hint (without
+and take appropriate action if the kernel places the new mapping at a
+different address.
 .BR MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE " (since Linux 4.17)"
 .\" commit a4ff8e8620d3f4f50ac4b41e8067b7d395056843

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