On Sat, Apr 14, 2018 at 3:44 PM, Theodore Y. Ts'o <ty...@mit.edu> wrote:
> +linux...@kvack.org
> k...@vger.kernel.org, secur...@kernel.org moved to bcc
>
> On Sat, Apr 14, 2018 at 10:59:21PM +0300, Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
>> SLAB allocators got CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM option which randomizes
>> allocation pattern inside a slab:
>>
>>       int cache_random_seq_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, unsigned int 
>> count, gfp_t gfp)
>>       {
>>               ...
>>               /* Get best entropy at this stage of boot */
>>               prandom_seed_state(&state, get_random_long());
>>
>> Then I printed actual random sequences for each kmem cache.
>> Turned out they were all the same for most of the caches and
>> they didn't vary across guest reboots.
>
> The problem is at the super-early state of the boot path, kernel code
> can't allocate memory.  This is something most device drivers kinda
> assume they can do.  :-)
>
> So it means we haven't yet initialized the virtio-rng driver, and it's
> before interrupts have been enabled, so we can't harvest any entropy
> from interrupt timing.  So that's why trying to use virtio-rng didn't
> help.
>
>> The only way to get randomness for SLAB is to enable RDRAND inside guest.
>>
>> Is it KVM bug?
>
> No, it's not a KVM bug.  The fundamental issue is in how the
> CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM is currently implemented.
>
> What needs to happen is freelist should get randomized much later in
> the boot sequence.  Doing it later will require locking; I don't know
> enough about the slab/slub code to know whether the slab_mutex would
> be sufficient, or some other lock might need to be added.
>
> The other thing I would note that is that using prandom_u32_state() doesn't
> really provide much security.  In fact, if the the goal is to protect
> against a malicious attacker trying to guess what addresses will be
> returned by the slab allocator, I suspect it's much like the security
> patdowns done at airports.  It might protect against a really stupid
> attacker, but it's mostly security theater.
>
> The freelist randomization is only being done once; so it's not like
> performance is really an issue.  It would be much better to just use
> get_random_u32() and be done with it.  I'd drop using prandom_*
> functions in slab.c and slubct and slab_common.c, and just use a
> really random number generator, if the goal is real security as
> opposed to security for show....
>
> (Not that there's necessarily any thing wrong with security theater;
> the US spends over 3 billion dollars a year on security theater.  As
> politicians know, symbolism can be important.  :-)

I've added Thomas Garnier to CC (since he wrote this originally). He
can speak to its position in the boot ordering and the effective
entropy.

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook
Pixel Security

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