I want to ask again:

What is the proper procedure when duplicating a disk with DD?

- after duplication you cannot update a PV with pvchange -u because it will supersede your duplicate with the original and not do anything

So to do that you need to boot off a different system, deactivate loaded vgs (if any) and then pvchange -u the duplicate PV.

- my experience indicates that pvchange -ay on a PV that contains a duplicate VG, even if it has a different UUID, but with an identical name, creates problems.

I mean that anytime you load a VG with the same name you get issues. VG names are often standardized between installs, so that Ubuntu might have "ubuntu-vg" as the name and kubuntu might have "kubuntu-vg" as the name.

So if you then load two of those disks in the same system, you instantly have issues.

If the system were to auto- or temporary-rename an offending 2nd VG it wouldn't be so bad. But usually you have to vgrename rename your current VG in advance of loading a second disk.

Which isn't exactly as intended, because now you are changing your local name to make room for a second system, when it should really be the other way around.

In the end I feel I have to do:

pvchange -u
vgchange -u

To get something that will at least not bug me when both systems are loaded at the same time.

This then renders it impossible to use it as a backup because any other disk referencing the PV will not find it because the UUID has changed.

Now you would first have to reverse these operations (particularly the vgrename and pvchange -u) towards the data of the first disk (the original) to be able to use the device again.

All of that is not very resilient. Now both PV UUIDs and VG names have to be unique.

Particularly I wonder how easy it is to point an existing VG to a disk that has a new (duplicate) PV and tell it: use that one from now on.

I mean: how can I add a disk that has a duplicate PV with a different UUID and add it to the VG in such a way that it replaces the references that VG has for the old PV?

But also: what ought you to do if creating a mirror copy? (duplicate copy).

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