From: "Robert Eurich" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Dec 5 1999


State rejects plea of recall targets

MILTON, Wis. (AP) -- The state Elections Board has rejected an appeal from two school 
board members who face a recall election because they voted to oust a popular high 
school nickname some found insensitive.

Wilson Leong, a school board member targeted for recall, learned Friday of the 
Election Board' s conclusion. He said he may bring the matter before Rock County 
Circuit Court in Janesville.

A community group launched a recall campaign after the school board voted to retire 
Milton High School' s nickname " Redmen" and a logogram depicting an American Indian. 
Critics said " Redmen" excluded Indians and women.

Students were given a short list of alternative nicknames, and selected " Red Hawks."

A recall election that overhauls the school board could open the way for a referendum 
on the choice of a name, Menomonie school board members Ron Mikesell and Greg LaPean 
told a Milton rally Oct. 2 at the high school.

Three years ago, Mikesell and LaPean were part of a recall campaign in the Menomonie 
School District that removed school board members and reinstated " Indians" as 
Menomonie High School' s nickname.

Petitions with 2, 154 signatures were filed Oct. 22 with the Milton school board 
clerk, naming Leong, Dale Beaty and Michael Pierce. An election is scheduled Jan. 4.

Leong and Pierce challenged the petitions, arguing the documents did not specify a 
reason for a recall. The petitions accuse board members of " breach of public trust."

" Breach of public trust" does not, by state statute, constitute a reason for recall, 
says David C. Moore, a Janesville lawyer representing Leong and Pierce before the 
Elections Board.

The board insists the " breach of public trust" is adequate.

<end excerpt>

From: "Robert Eurich" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Published: Sunday, December 5, 1999
This is a pretty detailed history of the 28 year controversy at the UND.

Also note this excerpt from another source which clarifies the "ice sculpture 
incident" mentioned in the current article.

"In the 60s and early 70s the university's "Greek" houses sponsored a winter festival 
in which each house created an ice sculpture for homecoming week. In 1972 one of the 
houses created a sculpture of a topless, Native woman with a sign pointing to her bare 
breast, saying, "Lick em Sioux". A Native American student found the sculpture 
offensive and took an ax to it. A full scale riot broke out with members of the Greek 
houses and Native students fighting each other. The Native student with the ax was the 
only person arrested. The next day the university president, at the request of members 
of AIM, dropped the charges against the Native student and banned the winter 


Badge of honor . . . or disgrace?

Nickname and controversy have long history at UND By Ian Swanson

Herald Staff Writer

When UND two weeks ago unveiled a new Indian-head logo created by a Native American 
artist, controversy over the school's Fighting Sioux nickname was re-ignited.

But this was far from the first chapter in the Fighting Sioux nickname debate at UND.

Although many believe the controversy surrounding UND's nickname and Indian-head logos 
is a 1990s phenomenon, the debate actually has a 28-year history.

It's a debate, and a history, that has had almost as many chapters as UND has had 
Indian heads.

Sammy Sioux

UND's Fighting Sioux nickname has a long, rich history with the school. Its use dates 
back to the 1930s, and for most of the decades between the 1930s and 1970s there was 
little if any debate over its use.

Those decades were a different era at UND. During the 1960s and early '70s, the campus 
was painted with a collection of Native American images and logos used by student and 
staff organizations. In the 1960s, basketball cheerleaders at UND wore head feathers 
and fringed dresses, and it wasn't uncommon for students to dress in war paint for 
athletic events. It would be years before universities began trademarking and 
licensing their logos.

"It's hard to imagine the way it was back then. The campus was covered in things," 
said Dave Vorland, executive assistant to UND's president, who will wind up a long 
career at UND this spring. Vorland was a UND faculty member from 1968 to 1970, and 
returned to direct UND's Office of University Relations in 1974. He assumed his 
current duties in 1993.

Many of the Indian images seen on UND's campus in the 1960s and 1970s were 
caricatures. They included Sammy Sioux, a cartoon character used on the jackets of the 
Golden Feather spirit club.

"I don't think anyone ever approved it," Vorland said of Sammy Sioux. "People thought 
it was nifty, and pretty soon folks in food service were putting it on Styrofoam cups 
and stuff. Those were days when there weren't a lot of controls over that sort of 

Another important social change was also taking place: More American Indians were 
beginning to study at UND.

"All of a sudden this campus had 200 or 300 Native American students, where in the 
1950s and 1960s, there were very few," Vorland said.

Sculpture controversy

The King Cold carnival was another tradition of the time. Every winter, fraternities 
and sororities built huge ice sculptures to celebrate the carnival. Many of those 
sculptures paid homage to UND's Fighting Sioux nickname.

The old traditions and the new students came into conflict during the winter of 1972, 
when one fraternity built an ice sculpture that was enormously offensive to some 
Native Americans. Vorland said he couldn't remember exactly what the sculpture 
depicted, but he said that "whatever it was, it enraged the Indian students."

Eventually, a group of Native American students went to the fraternity and kicked down 
the offending sculpture. That led to a fight that received national attention. The 
American Indian Movement was just getting under way, and members of that organization 
visited UND's campus to protest the sculpture and the treatment of Native American 

<end of excerpt>

<<<<=-=-=                                  =-=-=>>>> 
"We simply chose an Indian as the emblem.
  We could have just as easily chosen any
uncivilized animal."
   Eighth Grade student writing about his school's
   mascot, 1997
<<<<=-=  =-=>>>> 

<<<<=-=-=FREE LEONARD PELTIER!!!=-=-=>>>>

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