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"American Indians Want Ban on 'Squaw'," The Ottawa Citizen, December 7,
1999, A10.

["WASHINGTON -- American Indians have declared war on the word ''squaw. ''
In the latest skirmish of a long and not altogether successful campaign for
greater respect, American Indians have demanded that the word be banned from
public use because it means ''whore.'' A bill has been introduced in the
Maine legislature to remove the word from more than a dozen places with such
names as Squaw Mountain and Squaw Point. If successful, other states are
likely to follow suit. ''This is an important issue to all native people and
all women,'' said Donald Soctomah, a Passamaquoddy Indian who introduced the
bill. ''For 400 years, native women have been demoralized by this word that
non-natives have used toward native people.''"]

Brooks, Diane. "Tulalips Courting Home Depot[;] Store Looks at Site by I-5
on Reservation," The Seattle Times, December 7, 1999, B1.

["By this time next year, the Tulalip Tribes expect The Home Depot to be
operating a new store on their reservation west of Marysville, the first
major tenant of the tribes' long-planned business park. "They have indicated
they want to move as aggressively as possible," said John McCoy, the
Tulalips' executive director for governmental affairs. "They would like to
open up by November or December next year." Janet Simmelink, a Home Depot
public-relations representative, confirmed that the home-improvement retail
company is talking with the tribes about building a store on the Tulalip
Reservation. The company doesn't publicly discuss the status of negotiations
until deals are signed, she said."]

Carmichael, Kevin. "Fisheries Officials Decided Contingency Plan for
Marshall Ruling Would Be Too Difficult," The Gazette (Montreal), December 7,
1999, A12.

["HALIFAX: The federal Fisheries Department had no contingency plan to deal
with a Supreme Court decision on Indian fishing rights that led to violence,
newly released records show. ''Approaches for addressing the substance of
the decision will be developed after the decision is rendered,'' says a
briefing note prepared for newly appointed Fisheries Minister Herb Dhaliwal
in early August ... Mike Belliveau, executive director of the Maritime
Fishermen's Union, said the briefing notes prove what he's said all along:
the federal department is out of touch the with fishing industry. ''We hold
them responsible for the fact that the thing exploded up here in New
Brunswick,'' Belliveau said."]

"City, Lac du Flambeau to Pay for Survey on Possible Casino," The Associated
Press State & Local Wire, December 7, 1999, Tuesday, AM cycle.

["MANITOWOC, Wis.: The city and the Lac du Flambeau Chippewa band will split
the cost of a survey to measure public opinion about the idea of locating a
tribal casino in Manitowoc, the mayor said Tuesday night. Informal talks
about the possible project have been going on for a month, Mayor Kevin
Crawford said. Although there is no definite proposal, the two sides have
developed a relationship and now want to encourage public discussion, he

Davenport, Paul. "Arizona Justices Wrestle with Where to Draw the Line on
Stream Flow," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, December 7, 1999,
Tuesday, AM cycle.

["PHOENIX: Admitting their frustration, Arizona Supreme Court justices on
Tuesday wrestled with a hard-to-fathom water law issue. Lawyers said the
outcome could dry up rivers or put billions of dollars of investments by
property owners at risk. At issue is whether a trial court judge correctly
defined when water pumped from wells in the general vicinity of streams
belongs to whoever owns the rights to the stream water or to the property
owners where the wells are located. The issue, just the latest chapter in a
series of major water-law cases before the Arizona court, largely turns on
whether decades-old water law doctrine should be revised to reflect
hydrological information gleaned by scientists in recent decades."]

Dillman, Susan. "Schools' Indian Mascot Names Criticized," South Bend
Tribune, December 7, 1999, D3.

["INDIANAPOLIS -- When John Warren was a kid, he said he was afraid to tell
his mom and dad about the Warriors, the Redskins and Braves his school faced
in athletic competition. A member of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians,
Warren didn't have the heart to pain his parents with those hurtful names.
After all, his mom had once been punished simply for speaking Potawatomi
when she was a student at a Michigan boarding school. But now, Warren, who
serves as vice chairman of the Pokagon Band, is speaking out. Allowing
Indiana schools to keep American Indian mascot names amounts to
"institutionalized racism," he told the Indiana Native American Council on

"Grande Ronde Members Get Holiday Gift of Cash," The Associated Press State
& Local Wire, December 7, 1999, Tuesday, PM cycle.

["PORTLAND, Ore.: For the first time, members of the Confederated Tribes of
the Grande Ronde will share directly in profits from Spirit Mountain Casino.
This month, 4,508 tribal members each will receive a dividend of just more
than $2,800. The money, which is subject to federal and possibly state
taxes, represents 25 percent of the tribes' $51.1 million in net gambling
revenues for 1999, said Tracy Dugan, public information officer for the
Grand Ronde. "I don't think it's enough to get rich on, but it certainly
improves your quality of life," Dugan said."]

Harries, Kate. "Indians One Step Closer to Own Home," The Toronto Star,
December 7, 1999.

["BARRIE - The First Nations people, who form a disproportionate percentage
of Toronto's homeless, are one step closer to having a place they can call
their own. Yesterday, the Ontario Realty Corp. accepted an offer of $2.95
million from Nishnawbe Homes, an agency that provides housing for native
people, for the former Edgar Adult Occupational Centre northeast of here.
''We're thrilled,'' said John Andras of Homeaid, an organization that helps
develop low-income housing and has worked with Nishnawbe on this project.
''We now have to start making the vision a reality.'' The vision: To move
the homeless to a non-status aboriginal community that would be set up at
the Edgar centre, a 65-hectare property which can house 85 families, and has
offices, a recreation centre, church, school, hospital and workshops."]

Jackson, Robert. "Officials Destroyed Records on Native Americans, Judge
Says," Los Angeles Times, December 7, 1999, A5.

["WASHINGTON: Government officials under fire for mismanaging billions of
dollars in trust funds belonging to Native Americans shredded 162 boxes of
records a year ago and hid the destruction for three months, a federal judge
disclosed Monday. U.S. District Judge Royce C. Lamberth, who has been
working to rectify decades of negligence in the government's handling of
Native American trust funds, said that he was "deeply disturbed" by delays
in reporting the destruction of records but would postpone any sanctions for
the time being. The disclosure is the latest development in a long-running
class-action lawsuit against the government filed on behalf of 300,000
Native Americans, and it comes as a court-appointed mediator continues to
try to resolve government mismanagement of the funds."]

Leavitt, Paul. "Judge: Lawyers Lied in Indian Trust Fund Case," USA Today,
December 7, 1999, 17A.

King, Tara. "Tribal Members Living in Two Worlds Revive Their Nez Perce
Names[;] More Indians Decide to Keep Traditions Alive Despite Whites' Laws,"
The Idaho Statesman, December 7, 1999, 1E.

["LEWISTON - Pronouncing Nez Perce names means mustering sounds that don't
exist in the English language. Chief Joseph's name, for example, is
Hinmatooyalahtqit. The last syllable, qit, is pronounced with a "q" sound
that is pulled from way back in the throat. "We don't have that sound, but
it exists in Arabic," said Harold Crook, a linguist from Clarkston, Wash.,
who works for the Nez Perce Tribe, the Nee-me- poo. "It isn't easy to say
Indian names, but that's no different from other names in other cultures you
learn to say," said Rudy Shebala, a Navajo who married a Nez Perce and gave
their five children names from both tribes. Try the names See Le Paau Yeen,
Isluumc and Ipsusnute - otherwise known as Clifford Allen of Seattle, Horace
Axtell of Lewiston and Jesse Greene of Spalding. The sounds in their names
may exist in English, but the pronunciation is no less difficult. Iz-lumps,
you say. Is-l'ums, Axtell corrects. Indian names are different in many ways
from English-based names - the way they are given and changed separates the
cultures more than the pronunciation does. But as evidenced by Allen's
business cards and the Bureau of Indian Affairs name change application for
Greene, Indian names aren't meant to be spoken by just one culture anymore.
"I think we want to be identified as our own people," Axtell said. "As long
as we're Indian, we should have our own names." For some, taking a
traditional name is a way of honoring an ancestor. "The old name is being
made to live again. The name becomes alive in another person," Axtell said.
For others, it's a simple case of identification. "Greene is just a word,"
said Ipsusnute, pronounced Ip-sus-noot, who officially changed his name to
his one-word Nez Perce name a year ago. "Ipsusnute is who I am.""]

"Knowles Administration and Tribes to Negotiate Power Sharing Agreement,"
The Associated Press State & Local Wire, December 7, 1999, Tuesday, BC cycle.

["ANCHORAGE: High-level members of the Knowles administration and regional
representatives of Alaska's 227 federally recognized tribes will be meeting
for a yearlong round of "government-to-government" talks early next year.
The discussions will be held to define the roles and responsibilities of
tribes and state agencies. Gov. Tony Knowles issued an invitation to enter
the negotiations in a speech to the Alaska Inter-Tribal Council in Anchorage
over the weekend. The governor said Saturday that the time has come for the
state of Alaska to acknowledge and embrace Alaska's federally recognized

Lynch, Dan. "People of the Standing Stone Wait," The Times Union (Albany,
NY), December 7, 1999, B1.

["ONEIDA NATION TERRITORY -- . . . From a bingo hall that local authorities
fought to close decades ago, the Oneidas have created a collection of
thriving businesses on their ancestral land that have generated nearly 6,000
jobs in the greater Utica area. Those businesses also pump nearly $ 160
million annually into state coffers. Now state government is locked in a
legal battle with these stubborn, enterprising people that could result in a
second Oneida casino closer to New York City, which currently supplies less
than 10 percent of the customers to this one . . . The very prospect of a
casino in the Catskills terrifies big-money interests with heavy investments
in Atlantic City casinos -- people like Donald Trump, for instance, who make
political contributions -- so negotiations are slow. Perhaps so slow that
the matter won't be resolved during George Pataki's second term. But the
1,100 People of the Standing Stone, as the Oneidas call themselves, are
going nowhere. Neither, apparently, is soft-spoken Ray Halbritter, who has
been nation representative for 25 years and has demonstrated an enviable
deftness in tweaking the state of New York's nose ... As this has dragged
on, governors have come and gone. But Ray Halbritter seems firmly
established as the man any governor will have to deal with for as long as
cars pour by bitter protesters outside this glittering casino."]

McCarthy, Rebecca. "Mayans Oppose UGA Research," The Atlanta Journal and
Constitution, December 7, 1999, 8C.

["Athens: A group of Mayan Indians in the Mexican state of Chiapas is
demanding that a University of Georgia anthropologist abandon a $ 2.5
million research project on the medicinal value of plants used by the
Mayans, alleging that the scientists are stealing local knowledge and
resources. Ethnobiologist Brent Berlin has refused to comply with the
request, which was made by the Council of Indigenous Traditional Healers and
Midwives of Chiapas, a collective of 11 local Mayan groups. Information
about the council and its demands is being distributed by the Rural
Advancement Foundation International, a Canadian organization."]

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of international copyright law.
           Tsonkwadiyonrat (We are ONE Spirit)

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