Le 18/07/2012 23:40, Austin Clements a ?crit :
> This is subtle enough that I think it deserves a comment in the source
> code explaining that tracking the talloc owner reference, combined
> with the fact that Go finalizers are run in dependency order, ensures
> that the C objects will always be destroyed from the talloc leaves up.

Definitely, I tend to comment in the commit message and forget about the 
code...

>
> Just one inline comment below.  Otherwise, I think this is all
> correct.

Agree with the comment, the Database should be the parent. I guess I 
wasn't sure of the talloc parenting.

>
> Is reproducing the talloc hierarchy in all of the bindings really the
> right approach?  I feel like there has to be a better way (or that the
> way we use talloc in the library is slightly broken).  What if the
> bindings created an additional talloc reference to each managed
> object, just to keep the object alive, and used talloc_unlink instead
> of the destroy functions?

Reproducing the hierarchy is probably error prone, and not that simple 
indeed :/
I haven't checked at all the way you suggest, but if we use 
talloc_reference/unlink, we get the same issue no?
- If we do for each new wrapped object talloc_reference(NULL, 
wrapped_object), the the object will be kept alive until we 
talloc_unlink(NULL, wrapped_object), but what about its parents? For 
example will doing that on a notmuch_message_t keep the 
notmuch_messages_t alive?
- If we do talloc_reference(parent, wrapped), then we reproduce the 
hierarchy again?

Note that I have 0 experience with talloc, so I might as well be getting 
things wrong here.

>
> Quoth Adrien Bustany on Jul 18 at  9:34 pm:
>> This makes notmuch appropriately free the underlying notmuch C objects
>> when garbage collecting their Go wrappers. To make sure we don't break
>> the underlying links between objects (for example, a notmuch_messages_t
>> being GC'ed before a notmuch_message_t belonging to it), we add for each
>> wraper struct a pointer to the owner object (Go objects with a reference
>> pointing to them don't get garbage collected).
>> ---
>>   bindings/go/src/notmuch/notmuch.go |  153 
>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>>   1 files changed, 134 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/bindings/go/src/notmuch/notmuch.go 
>> b/bindings/go/src/notmuch/notmuch.go
>> index 1d77fd2..3f436a0 100644
>> --- a/bindings/go/src/notmuch/notmuch.go
>> +++ b/bindings/go/src/notmuch/notmuch.go
>> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ package notmuch
>>   #include "notmuch.h"
>>   */
>>   import "C"
>> +import "runtime"
>>   import "unsafe"
>>
>>   // Status codes used for the return values of most functions
>> @@ -47,40 +48,152 @@ func (self Status) String() string {
>>   /* Various opaque data types. For each notmuch_<foo>_t see the various
>>    * notmuch_<foo> functions below. */
>>
>> +type Object interface {}
>> +
>>   type Database struct {
>>      db *C.notmuch_database_t
>>   }
>>
>> +func createDatabase(db *C.notmuch_database_t) *Database {
>> +    self := &Database{db: db}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Database) {
>> +            if (x.db != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_database_destroy(x.db)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>> +}
>> +
>>   type Query struct {
>>      query *C.notmuch_query_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createQuery(query *C.notmuch_query_t, owner Object) *Query {
>> +    self := &Query{query: query, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Query) {
>> +            if (x.query != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_query_destroy(x.query)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Threads struct {
>>      threads *C.notmuch_threads_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createThreads(threads *C.notmuch_threads_t, owner Object) *Threads {
>> +    self := &Threads{threads: threads, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Threads) {
>> +            if (x.threads != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_threads_destroy(x.threads)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Thread struct {
>>      thread *C.notmuch_thread_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createThread(thread *C.notmuch_thread_t, owner Object) *Thread {
>> +    self := &Thread{thread: thread, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Thread) {
>> +            if (x.thread != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_thread_destroy(x.thread)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Messages struct {
>>      messages *C.notmuch_messages_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createMessages(messages *C.notmuch_messages_t, owner Object) *Messages 
>> {
>> +    self := &Messages{messages: messages, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Message struct {
>>      message *C.notmuch_message_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createMessage(message *C.notmuch_message_t, owner Object) *Message {
>> +    self := &Message{message: message, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Message) {
>> +            if (x.message != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_message_destroy(x.message)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Tags struct {
>>      tags *C.notmuch_tags_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createTags(tags *C.notmuch_tags_t, owner Object) *Tags {
>> +    self := &Tags{tags: tags, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Tags) {
>> +            if (x.tags != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_tags_destroy(x.tags)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Directory struct {
>>      dir *C.notmuch_directory_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createDirectory(directory *C.notmuch_directory_t, owner Object) 
>> *Directory {
>> +    self := &Directory{dir: directory, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Directory) {
>> +            if (x.dir != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_directory_destroy(x.dir)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type Filenames struct {
>>      fnames *C.notmuch_filenames_t
>> +    owner Object
>> +}
>> +
>> +func createFilenames(filenames *C.notmuch_filenames_t, owner Object) 
>> *Filenames {
>> +    self := &Filenames{fnames: filenames, owner: owner}
>> +
>> +    runtime.SetFinalizer(self, func(x *Filenames) {
>> +            if (x.fnames != nil) {
>> +                    C.notmuch_filenames_destroy(x.fnames)
>> +            }
>> +    })
>> +
>> +    return self
>>   }
>>
>>   type DatabaseMode C.notmuch_database_mode_t
>> @@ -100,12 +213,13 @@ func NewDatabase(path string) (*Database, Status) {
>>              return nil, STATUS_OUT_OF_MEMORY
>>      }
>>
>> -    self := &Database{db: nil}
>> -    st := Status(C.notmuch_database_create(c_path, &self.db))
>> +    var db *C.notmuch_database_t;
>> +    st := Status(C.notmuch_database_create(c_path, &db))
>>      if st != STATUS_SUCCESS {
>>              return nil, st
>>      }
>> -    return self, st
>> +
>> +    return createDatabase(db), st
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Open an existing notmuch database located at 'path'.
>> @@ -134,12 +248,13 @@ func OpenDatabase(path string, mode DatabaseMode) 
>> (*Database, Status) {
>>              return nil, STATUS_OUT_OF_MEMORY
>>      }
>>
>> -    self := &Database{db: nil}
>> -    st := Status(C.notmuch_database_open(c_path, 
>> C.notmuch_database_mode_t(mode), &self.db))
>> +    var db *C.notmuch_database_t;
>> +    st := Status(C.notmuch_database_open(c_path, 
>> C.notmuch_database_mode_t(mode), &db))
>>      if st != STATUS_SUCCESS {
>>              return nil, st
>>      }
>> -    return self, st
>> +
>> +    return createDatabase(db), st
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Close the given notmuch database, freeing all associated
>> @@ -204,7 +319,7 @@ func (self *Database) GetDirectory(path string) 
>> (*Directory, Status) {
>>      if st != STATUS_SUCCESS || c_dir == nil {
>>              return nil, st
>>      }
>> -    return &Directory{dir: c_dir}, st
>> +    return createDirectory(c_dir, nil), st
>
> It looks like you have a nil owner for anything whose talloc parent is
> the database.  Is this intentional?  Shouldn't the owner be self in
> these cases, too?
>
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Add a new message to the given notmuch database.
>> @@ -258,7 +373,7 @@ func (self *Database) AddMessage(fname string) 
>> (*Message, Status) {
>>      var c_msg *C.notmuch_message_t = new(C.notmuch_message_t)
>>      st := Status(C.notmuch_database_add_message(self.db, c_fname, &c_msg))
>>
>> -    return &Message{message: c_msg}, st
>> +    return createMessage(c_msg, nil), st
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Remove a message from the given notmuch database.
>> @@ -319,12 +434,12 @@ func (self *Database) FindMessage(message_id string) 
>> (*Message, Status) {
>>              return nil, STATUS_OUT_OF_MEMORY
>>      }
>>
>> -    msg := &Message{message: nil}
>> -    st := Status(C.notmuch_database_find_message(self.db, c_msg_id, 
>> &msg.message))
>> +    var msg *C.notmuch_message_t
>> +    st := Status(C.notmuch_database_find_message(self.db, c_msg_id, &msg))
>>      if st != STATUS_SUCCESS {
>>              return nil, st
>>      }
>> -    return msg, st
>> +    return createMessage(msg, nil), st
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Return a list of all tags found in the database.
>> @@ -339,7 +454,7 @@ func (self *Database) GetAllTags() *Tags {
>>      if tags == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Tags{tags: tags}
>> +    return createTags(tags, nil)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Create a new query for 'database'.
>> @@ -379,7 +494,7 @@ func (self *Database) CreateQuery(query string) *Query {
>>      if q == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Query{query: q}
>> +    return createQuery(q, nil)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Sort values for notmuch_query_set_sort */
>> @@ -459,7 +574,7 @@ func (self *Query) SearchThreads() *Threads {
>>      if threads == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Threads{threads: threads}
>> +    return createThreads(threads, self)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Execute a query for messages, returning a notmuch_messages_t object
>> @@ -505,7 +620,7 @@ func (self *Query) SearchMessages() *Messages {
>>      if msgs == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Messages{messages: msgs}
>> +    return createMessages(msgs, self)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Destroy a notmuch_query_t along with any associated resources.
>> @@ -607,7 +722,7 @@ func (self *Messages) Get() *Message {
>>      if msg == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Message{message: msg}
>> +    return createMessage(msg, self)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Move the 'messages' iterator to the next message.
>> @@ -659,7 +774,7 @@ func (self *Messages) CollectTags() *Tags {
>>      if tags == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Tags{tags: tags}
>> +    return createTags(tags, self)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Get the message ID of 'message'.
>> @@ -739,7 +854,7 @@ func (self *Message) GetReplies() *Messages {
>>      if msgs == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Messages{messages: msgs}
>> +    return createMessages(msgs, self)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* Get a filename for the email corresponding to 'message'.
>> @@ -871,7 +986,7 @@ func (self *Message) GetTags() *Tags {
>>      if tags == nil {
>>              return nil
>>      }
>> -    return &Tags{tags: tags}
>> +    return createTags(tags, self)
>>   }
>>
>>   /* The longest possible tag value. */


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