Hi Jorge,

Good discussion so far + glad to have you back :)

I am not a big fan of using logs for billing information since ultimately (at 
least at HP) we need to pump it into ceilometer. So I am envisioning either the 
amphora (via a proxy) to pump it straight into that system or we collect it on 
the controller and pump it from there.

Allowing/enabling logging creates some requirements on the hardware, mainly, 
that they can handle the IO coming from logging. Some operators might choose to 
hook up very cheap and non performing disks which might not be able to deal 
with the log traffic. So I would suggest that there is some rate limiting on 
the log output to help with that.


From: Jorge Miramontes [mailto:jorge.miramon...@rackspace.com]
Sent: Wednesday, October 22, 2014 6:51 AM
To: OpenStack Development Mailing List (not for usage questions)
Subject: Re: [openstack-dev] [Neutron][LBaaS][Octavia] Usage Requirements

Hey Stephen (and Robert),

For real-time usage I was thinking something similar to what you are proposing. 
Using logs for this would be overkill IMO so your suggestions were what I was 
thinking of starting with.

As far as storing logs is concerned I was definitely thinking of offloading 
these onto separate storage devices. Robert, I totally hear you on the 
scalability part as our current LBaaS setup generates TB of request logs. I'll 
start planning out a spec and then I'll let everyone chime in there. I just 
wanted to get a general feel for the ideas I had mentioned. I'll also bring it 
up in today's meeting.


From: Stephen Balukoff <sbaluk...@bluebox.net<mailto:sbaluk...@bluebox.net>>
Reply-To: "OpenStack Development Mailing List (not for usage questions)" 
Date: Wednesday, October 22, 2014 4:04 AM
To: "OpenStack Development Mailing List (not for usage questions)" 
Subject: Re: [openstack-dev] [Neutron][LBaaS][Octavia] Usage Requirements

Hi Jorge!

Welcome back, eh! You've been missed.

Anyway, I just wanted to say that your proposal sounds great to me, and it's 
good to finally be closer to having concrete requirements for logging, eh. Once 
this discussion is nearing a conclusion, could you write up the specifics of 
logging into a specification proposal document?

Regarding the discussion itself: I think we can ignore UDP for now, as there 
doesn't seem to be high demand for it, and it certainly won't be supported in v 
0.5 of Octavia (and maybe not in v1 or v2 either, unless we see real demand).

Regarding the 'real-time usage' information: I have some ideas regarding 
getting this from a combination of iptables and / or the haproxy stats 
interface. Were you thinking something different that involves on-the-fly 
analysis of the logs or something?  (I tend to find that logs are great for 
non-real time data, but can often be lacking if you need, say, a gauge like 
'currently open connections' or something.)

One other thing: If there's a chance we'll be storing logs on the amphorae 
themselves, then we need to have log rotation as part of the configuration 
here. It would be silly to have an amphora failure just because its ephemeral 
disk fills up, eh.


On Wed, Oct 15, 2014 at 4:03 PM, Jorge Miramontes 
<jorge.miramon...@rackspace.com<mailto:jorge.miramon...@rackspace.com>> wrote:
Hey Octavia folks!

First off, yes, I'm still alive and kicking. :)

I,d like to start a conversation on usage requirements and have a few
suggestions. I advocate that, since we will be using TCP and HTTP/HTTPS
based protocols, we inherently enable connection logging for load
balancers for several reasons:

1) We can use these logs as the raw and granular data needed to track
usage. With logs, the operator has flexibility as to what usage metrics
they want to bill against. For example, bandwidth is easy to track and can
even be split into header and body data so that the provider can choose if
they want to bill on header data or not. Also, the provider can determine
if they will bill their customers for failed requests that were the fault
of the provider themselves. These are just a few examples; the point is
the flexible nature of logs.

2) Creating billable usage from logs is easy compared to other options
like polling. For example, in our current LBaaS iteration at Rackspace we
bill partly on "average concurrent connections". This is based on polling
and is not as accurate as it possibly can be. It's very close, but it
doesn't get more accurate that the logs themselves. Furthermore, polling
is more complex and uses up resources on the polling cadence.

3) Enabling logs for all load balancers can be used for debugging, support
and audit purposes. While the customer may or may not want their logs
uploaded to swift, operators and their support teams can still use this
data to help customers out with billing and setup issues. Auditing will
also be easier with raw logs.

4) Enabling logs for all load balancers will help mitigate uncertainty in
terms of capacity planning. Imagine if every customer suddenly enabled
logs without it ever being turned on. This could produce a spike in
resource utilization that will be hard to manage. Enabling logs from the
start means we are certain as to what to plan for other than the nature of
the customer's traffic pattern.

Some Cons I can think of (please add more as I think the pros outweigh the

1) If we every add UDP based protocols then this model won't work. < 1% of
our load balancers at Rackspace are UDP based so we are not looking at
using this protocol for Octavia. I'm more of a fan of building a really
good TCP/HTTP/HTTPS based load balancer because UDP load balancing solves
a different problem. For me different problem == different product.

2) I'm assuming HA Proxy. Thus, if we choose another technology for the
amphora then this model may break.

Also, and more generally speaking, I have categorized usage into three

1) Tracking usage - this is usage that will be used my operators and
support teams to gain insight into what load balancers are doing in an
attempt to monitor potential issues.
2) Billable usage - this is usage that is a subset of tracking usage used
to bill customers.
3) Real-time usage - this is usage that should be exposed via the API so
that customers can make decisions that affect their configuration (ex.
"Based off of the number of connections my web heads can handle when
should I add another node to my pool?").

These are my preliminary thoughts, and I'd love to gain insight into what
the community thinks. I have built about 3 usage collection systems thus
far (1 with Brandon) and have learned a lot. Some basic rules I have
discovered with collecting usage are:

1) Always collect granular usage as it "paints a picture" of what actually
happened. Massaged/un-granular usage == lost information.
2) Never imply, always be explicit. Implications usually stem from bad

Last but not least, we need to store every user and system load balancer
event such as creation, updates, suspension and deletion so that we may
bill on things like uptime and serve our customers better by knowing what
happened and when.


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Stephen Balukoff
Blue Box Group, LLC
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