On Wed, Mar 14, 2018 at 11:34 AM, Thomas Munro
<thomas.mu...@enterprisedb.com> wrote:
> LOG:  duration: 26101.612 ms  plan:
> Query Text: SELECT newdata FROM pg_temp_3.pg_temp_16452 newdata WHERE
> newdata IS NOT NULL AND EXISTS (SELECT * FROM pg_temp_3.pg_temp_16452
> newdata2 WHERE newdata2 IS NOT NULL AND newdata2
> OPERATOR(pg_catalog.*=) newdata AND newdata2.ctid
> OPERATOR(pg_catalog.<>) newdata.ctid) LIMIT 1
> Limit  (cost=0.00..90.52 rows=1 width=28) (actual
> time=26101.608..26101.608 rows=0 loops=1)
>  ->  Nested Loop Semi Join  (cost=0.00..225220.96 rows=2488 width=28)
> (actual time=26101.606..26101.606 rows=0 loops=1)
>        Join Filter: ((newdata2.ctid <> newdata.ctid) AND (newdata.* *=
> newdata2.*))
>        Rows Removed by Join Filter: 25000000
>        ->  Seq Scan on pg_temp_16452 newdata  (cost=0.00..73.00
> rows=4975 width=34) (actual time=0.022..15.448 rows=5000 loops=1)
>              Filter: (newdata.* IS NOT NULL)
>        ->  Materialize  (cost=0.00..97.88 rows=4975 width=34) (actual
> time=0.000..0.500 rows=5000 loops=5000)
>              ->  Seq Scan on pg_temp_16452 newdata2  (cost=0.00..73.00
> rows=4975 width=34) (actual time=0.010..4.033 rows=5000 loops=1)
>                    Filter: (newdata2.* IS NOT NULL)

This plan is chosen because we're looking for just one row (LIMIT 1)
that has equal data but a different ctid.  In this case we're not
going to find one, so we'll pay the full enormous cost of the nested
loop, but the startup cost is estimated as 0 and we think we are going
to find a row straight away.  That's because we don't know that it's
unlikely for there to be a row with the same columns but a different

There is a fundamental and complicated estimation problem lurking here
of course and I'm not sure what to think about that yet.  Maybe there
is a very simple fix for this particular problem:

--- a/src/backend/commands/matview.c
+++ b/src/backend/commands/matview.c
@@ -660,7 +660,7 @@ refresh_by_match_merge(Oid matviewOid, Oid
tempOid, Oid relowner,
                                         "(SELECT * FROM %s newdata2
WHERE newdata2 IS NOT NULL "
                                         "AND newdata2
OPERATOR(pg_catalog.*=) newdata "
                                         "AND newdata2.ctid
OPERATOR(pg_catalog.<>) "
-                                        "newdata.ctid) LIMIT 1",
+                                        "newdata.ctid)",
                                         tempname, tempname);
        if (SPI_execute(querybuf.data, false, 1) != SPI_OK_SELECT)
                elog(ERROR, "SPI_exec failed: %s", querybuf.data);

That gets me back to the sort-merge plan, but maybe it's too superficial.

Thomas Munro

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