On Fri, Jul 8, 2016 at 12:53 PM, Andres Freund <and...@anarazel.de> wrote:
> On 2016-07-08 11:00:50 -0500, Kevin Grittner wrote:
>> On Wed, Jul 6, 2016 at 4:55 PM, Andres Freund <and...@anarazel.de> wrote:
>> > So I don't think that approach still allows old snapshot related
>> > cleanups for toast triggered vacuums?  Is that an acceptable
>> > restriction?
>> What I would rather see is that if the heap is vacuumed (whether or
>> not by autovacuum) then the related TOAST table is also vacuumed
>> (using the same horizon the heap used), but if the TOAST relation
>> is chosen for vacuum by itself that it does not attempt to adjust
>> the horizon based on old_snapshot_threshold.
> Uh, wouldn't that quote massively regress the autovacuum workload in
> some cases? There's a reason they're considered separately after
> all. And in many cases, even if there's lots of updates in the heap
> table, the toast table doesn't get any updates. And the toast table is
> often a lot larger than the data.

Of course, the toast table has only one index, and it is narrow.
With the visibility map, it should visit only the needed pages in
the toast's heap area, so any regression would be in the case that:

(1)  old_snapshot_threshold >= 0
(2)  the "normal" heap met the conditions for vacuum, but the heap
(3)  when passing the toast heap based on visibility map, *some*
     cleanup was done (otherwise the TID list would be empty, so no
     index pass is needed)

Any extra work would be at least partially offset by pushing back
the point where the next vacuum of toast data would be needed and
by removing index entries and keeping both the toast data and index
smaller.  I'm sure you could find cases where there was a net
performance loss, but I'm also sure that by containing toast size
when it would otherwise grow for weeks or months, it could be a
very large performance gain.

Kevin Grittner
EDB: http://www.enterprisedb.com
The Enterprise PostgreSQL Company

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