Hello, Our customer hit a problem of cascading replication, and we found the cause. They are using the latest PostgreSQL 9.2.18. The bug seems to have been fixed in 9.4 and higher during the big modification of xlog.c, but it's not reflected in older releases.
The attached patch is for 9.2.18. This just borrows the idea from 9.4 and higher. But we haven't been able to reproduce the problem. Could you review the patch and help to test it? I would very much appreciate it if you could figure out how to reproduce the problem easily. PROBLEM ======================================== The customer's configuration consists of three nodes: node1 is a primary, node2 is a synchronous standby, and node3 is a cascading standby. The primary archives WAL to a shared (network?) storage and the standbys read archived WAL from there with restore_command. recovery_target_timeline is set to 'latest' on the standbys. When node1 dies and node2 is promoted to a primary, node3 cannot catch up node2 forever, emitting the following message repeatedly: LOG: out-of-sequence timeline ID 140 (after 141) in log file 652, segment 117, offset 0 The expected behavior is that node3 catches up node2 and keeps synchronization. CAUSE ======================================== The processing went as follows. 1. node1's timeline is 140. It wrote a WAL record at the end of WAL segment 117. The WAL record didn't fit the last page, so it was split across segments 117 and 118. 2. WAL segment 117 was archived. 3. node1 got down, and node2 was promoted. 4. As part of the recovery process, node2 retrieves WAL segment 117 from archive. It found a WAL record fragment at the end of the segment but could not find the remaining fragment in segment 118, so node2 stops recovery there. LOG: restored log file "0000008C0000028C00000075" from archive LOG: received promote request LOG: redo done at 28C/75FFF738 5. node2 becomes the primary, and its timeline becomes 118. node3 is disconnected by node2 (but later reconnectes to node2). LOG: terminating all walsender processes to force cascaded standby(s) to update timeline and reconnect 6. node3 retrieves and applies WAL segment 117 from archive. LOG: restored log file "0000008C0000028C00000075" from archive 7. node3 found .history file for time line 141 and renews its timeline to 141. 8. Because node3 found a WAL record fragment at the end of segment 117, it expects to find the remaining fragment at the beginning of WAL segment 118 streamed from node2. But there was a fragment of a different WAL record, because node2 overwrote a different WAL record at the end of segment 117 across to 118. LOG: invalid contrecord length 5892 in log file 652, segment 118, offset 0 9. node3 then retrieves segment 117 from archive again to get the WAL record at the end of segment 117. However, as node3's timeline is already 141, it complains about the older timeline when it sees the timeline 140 at the beginning of segment 117. LOG: out-of-sequence timeline ID 140 (after 141) in log file 652, segment 117, offset 0 Regards Takayuki Tsunakawa
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