On 12/09/2016 10:19 AM, Michael Paquier wrote:
On Fri, Dec 9, 2016 at 5:11 PM, Heikki Linnakangas <hlinn...@iki.fi> wrote:
Couple of things I should write down before I forget:

1. It's a bit cumbersome that the scram verifiers stored in
pg_authid.rolpassword don't have any clear indication that they're scram
verifiers. MD5 hashes are readily identifiable by the "md5" prefix. I think
we should use a "scram-sha-256:" for scram verifiers.

scram-sha-256 would make the most sense to me.

Actually, I think it'd be awfully nice to also prefix plaintext passwords
with "plain:", but I'm not sure it's worth breaking the compatibility, if
there are tools out there that peek into rolpassword. Thoughts?

pgbouncer is the only thing coming up in mind. It looks at pg_shadow
for password values. pg_dump'ing data from pre-10 instances will also
need to adapt. I see tricky the compatibility with the exiting CREATE
USER PASSWORD command though, so I am wondering if that's worth the

2. It's currently not possible to use the plaintext "password"
authentication method, for a user that has a SCRAM verifier in rolpassword.
That seems like an oversight. We can't do MD5 authentication with a SCRAM
verifier, but "password" we could.

Yeah, that should be possible...

The tip of the work branch can now do SCRAM authentication, when a user has a plaintext password in pg_authid.rolpassword. The reverse doesn't work, however: you cannot do plain "password" authentication, when the user has a SCRAM verifier in pg_authid.rolpassword. It gets worse: plain "password" authentication doesn't check if the string stored in pg_authid.rolpassword is a SCRAM authenticator, and treats it as a plaintext password, so you can do this:

PGPASSWORD="scram-sha-256:mDBuqO1mEekieg==:4096:17dc259499c1a184c26ee5b19715173d9354195f510b4d3af8be585acb39ae33:d3d713149c6becbbe56bae259aafe4e95b79ab7e3b50f2fbd850ea7d7b7c114f" psql postgres -h localhost -U scram_user

I think we're going to have a more bugs like this, if we don't start to explicitly label plaintext passwords as such.

So, let's add "plain:" prefix to plaintext passwords, in pg_authid.rolpassword. With that, these would be valid values in pg_authid.rolpassword:


But anything that doesn't begin with "plain:", "md5", or "scram-sha-256:" would be invalid. You shouldn't have invalid values in the column, but if you do, all the authentication mechanisms would reject it.

It would be nice to also change the format of MD5 passwords to have a colon, as in "md5:<hash>", but that's probably not worth breaking compatibility for. Almost no-one stores passwords in plaintext, so changing the format of that wouldn't affect many people, but there might well be tools out there that peek into MD5 hashes.

- Heikki

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