> Heikki Linnakangas wrote:
>> On Mon, 26 Jun 2006, Jan Wieck wrote:
>> > On 6/25/2006 10:12 PM, Bruce Momjian wrote:
>> >> When you are using the update chaining, you can't mark that index row
>> as
>> >> dead because it actually points to more than one row on the page,
>> some
>> >> are non-visible, some are visible.
>> >
>> > Back up the truck ... you mean in the current code base we have heap
>> tuples
>> > that are visible in index scans because of heap tuple chaining but
>> without
>> > index tuples pointing directly at them?
>> In current code, no. Every heap tuple has corresponding index tuples.
>> In Bruce's proposal, yes. You would have heap tuples without index
>> tuples
>> pointing directly at them. An index scan could only find them by
>> following
>> t_ctid chains.
>> Correct me if I understood you incorrectly, Bruce.
> Correct!  We use the same pointers used by normal UPDATEs, except we set
> a bit on the old tuple indicating it is a single-index tuple, and we
> don't create index entries for the new tuple.  Index scan routines will
> need to be taught about the new chains, but because only one tuple in
> the chain is visible to a single backend, the callers should not need to
> be modified.
> (All tuples in the chain have page item ids.  It is just that when they
> are freed, the pointers are adjusted so the index points to the chain
> head.)
> One problem is that once you find the row you want to update, it is
> difficult to see if it is part of a single-index chain because there are
> only forward pointers, so I think we have to scan the entire page to
> find the chains.  To reduce that overhead, I am thinking we free the
> non-visible tuples only when the page has no more free space.  This
> allows us to free not just our own non-visible tuples, but perhaps
> others as well.

This sort of incorporates the "vacuum row" I suggested.

> We have never been able to free non-visible tuples before because of
> index cleanup overhead, but with single-index chains, we can, and reduce
> the requirements of vacuum for many workloads.

This is great!

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