Patrick Hatcher

Andrew McMillan <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>

06/21/04 03:11 AM

Patrick Hatcher <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Re: [PERFORM] Slow vacuum performance

On Fri, 2004-06-18 at 19:51 -0700, Patrick Hatcher wrote:
> Thanks!
> My effective_cache_size = 625000
> I thought that having the shared_buffers above 2k or 3k didn't gain
> any performance and may in fact degrade it?

Hi Patrick,

Quoting from:

       Sets the size of PostgreSQL's' memory buffer where queries are
       held before being fed into the Kernel buffer of the host system.
       It's very important to remember that this is only a holding
       area, and not the total memory available for the server. As
       such, resist the urge to set this number to a large portion of
       your RAM, as this will actually degrade performance on many
       operating systems. Members of the pgsql-performance mailing list
       have found useful values in the range of 1000-6000, depending on
       available RAM, database size, and number of concurrent queries.
       For servers with very large amounts of available RAM (more than
       1 GB) increasing this setting to 6-15% or available RAM has
       worked well for some users. The real analysis of the precise
       best setting is not fully understood and is more readily
       determined through testing than calculation.  
       As a rule of thumb, observe shared memory usage of PostgreSQL
       with tools like ipcs and determine the setting. Remember that
       this is only half the story. You also need to set
       effective_cache_size so that postgreSQL will use available
       memory optimally.

Using this conservatively, on an 8G system, 6% would be roughly 60,000
pages - considerably higher than 2-3000...

One day when I wasn't timid (well, OK, I was desperate :-), I did see a
_dramatic_ performance improvement in a single very narrow activity by
setting shared_buffers to 300000 on a 4G RAM system (I was rolling back
a transaction involving an update to 2.8 million rows) , but afterwards
I set shared_buffers back to 10000, which I have now increased to 20000
on that system.

You may also want to look at:

Or indeed, peruse the articles regularly as they appear:

                                                                                    Andrew McMillan

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