On 10/17/2016 09:23 AM, Mr. Wrobel wrote:
W dniu 17.10.2016 o 18:16, Chris Angelico pisze:
On Tue, Oct 18, 2016 at 3:03 AM, Mr. Wrobel wrote:

I am looking for an example of metaclass usage. Especially I am interestet
in manipulating instance variables, for example:

My class:
class MrMeta(type):

class Mr(object):
        __metaclass__ = MrMeta

        def __init__(self):
                self.imvariable = 'Zmienna self'

        def aome method(self):
                print 'I am in instance'

So in general, I would like to create a mechanism, that is changing value
for self.imvariable to capital letters and this should be included in my
metaclass called MrMeta(type).

Can you guide me please?

Are you sure you can't just use a descriptor, such as @property?

class Mr(object):
    def imvariable(self):
        return self._imvariable
    def imvariable(self, value):
        self._imvariable = str(value).upper()

I am sure that I can do that with setter/getter, but I want to be closer to 
black magic, that is why I wanted to inlcude Metaclasses.

I know how to acomplish that for class variables, but don;t have any idea how 
to instance.

Metaclasses work on the class level, not the instance level.  The only* 
influnce a metaclass is going to have on instances is changes it makes while 
it's creating the class.

For example, MrMeta could set descriptors in Mr when it is creating the Mr 
class; it could even put it's own __init__ in the class; but to affect things 
like instance variables that are added in methods -- well, it is possible, but 
it is *a lot* of work.


* Okay, somebody prove me wrong!  :)

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