Following a discussion on the mailing list: while it may be convenient
to accept NULL value in qobject_unref() (for similar reasons as free()
accepts NULL), it is a probably a bad idea to accept NULL argument in
qobject_ref().

Furthermore, it is convenient and more clear to call qobject_ref() at
the time when the reference is associated with a variable, or
argument. For this reason, make qobject_ref() return the same pointer
as given.

Signed-off-by: Marc-André Lureau <marcandre.lur...@redhat.com>
---
 include/qapi/qmp/qnull.h      |  3 +--
 include/qapi/qmp/qobject.h    | 15 ++++++++++-----
 block.c                       |  8 ++++----
 block/blkdebug.c              |  7 +++----
 block/blkverify.c             |  8 ++++----
 block/null.c                  |  3 +--
 block/nvme.c                  |  3 +--
 block/quorum.c                |  4 ++--
 monitor.c                     | 19 +++++++------------
 qapi/qobject-input-visitor.c  |  6 ++----
 qapi/qobject-output-visitor.c |  7 +++----
 qobject/qdict.c               | 33 +++++++++++----------------------
 12 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/qapi/qmp/qnull.h b/include/qapi/qmp/qnull.h
index 75b29c6a39..c1426882c5 100644
--- a/include/qapi/qmp/qnull.h
+++ b/include/qapi/qmp/qnull.h
@@ -23,8 +23,7 @@ extern QNull qnull_;
 
 static inline QNull *qnull(void)
 {
-    qobject_ref(&qnull_);
-    return &qnull_;
+    return qobject_ref(&qnull_);
 }
 
 bool qnull_is_equal(const QObject *x, const QObject *y);
diff --git a/include/qapi/qmp/qobject.h b/include/qapi/qmp/qobject.h
index fce4a1cd75..9a5551bb4c 100644
--- a/include/qapi/qmp/qobject.h
+++ b/include/qapi/qmp/qobject.h
@@ -70,11 +70,11 @@ static inline void qobject_init(QObject *obj, QType type)
     obj->base.type = type;
 }
 
-static inline void qobject_ref_impl(QObject *obj)
+static inline void *qobject_ref_impl(QObject *obj)
 {
-    if (obj) {
-        obj->base.refcnt++;
-    }
+    assert(obj);
+    obj->base.refcnt++;
+    return obj;
 }
 
 /**
@@ -101,12 +101,17 @@ static inline void qobject_unref_impl(QObject *obj)
 
 /**
  * qobject_ref(): Increment QObject's reference count
+ * @obj: a #QObject or child type instance (must not be NULL)
+ *
+ * Returns: the same @obj. The type of @obj will be propagated to the
+ * return type.
  */
-#define qobject_ref(obj) qobject_ref_impl(QOBJECT(obj))
+#define qobject_ref(obj) ((typeof(obj)) qobject_ref_impl(QOBJECT(obj)))
 
 /**
  * qobject_unref(): Decrement QObject's reference count, deallocate
  * when it reaches zero
+ * @obj: a #QObject or children type instance (can be NULL)
  */
 #define qobject_unref(obj) qobject_unref_impl(QOBJECT(obj))
 
diff --git a/block.c b/block.c
index 55a79845be..676e57f562 100644
--- a/block.c
+++ b/block.c
@@ -5134,8 +5134,8 @@ static bool append_open_options(QDict *d, 
BlockDriverState *bs)
             continue;
         }
 
-        qobject_ref(qdict_entry_value(entry));
-        qdict_put_obj(d, qdict_entry_key(entry), qdict_entry_value(entry));
+        qdict_put_obj(d, qdict_entry_key(entry),
+                      qobject_ref(qdict_entry_value(entry)));
         found_any = true;
     }
 
@@ -5207,8 +5207,8 @@ void bdrv_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs)
          * suffices without querying the (exact_)filename of this BDS. */
         if (bs->file->bs->full_open_options) {
             qdict_put_str(opts, "driver", drv->format_name);
-            qobject_ref(bs->file->bs->full_open_options);
-            qdict_put(opts, "file", bs->file->bs->full_open_options);
+            qdict_put(opts, "file",
+                      qobject_ref(bs->file->bs->full_open_options));
 
             bs->full_open_options = opts;
         } else {
diff --git a/block/blkdebug.c b/block/blkdebug.c
index 689703d386..053372c22e 100644
--- a/block/blkdebug.c
+++ b/block/blkdebug.c
@@ -845,13 +845,12 @@ static void blkdebug_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState 
*bs, QDict *options)
     opts = qdict_new();
     qdict_put_str(opts, "driver", "blkdebug");
 
-    qobject_ref(bs->file->bs->full_open_options);
-    qdict_put(opts, "image", bs->file->bs->full_open_options);
+    qdict_put(opts, "image", qobject_ref(bs->file->bs->full_open_options));
 
     for (e = qdict_first(options); e; e = qdict_next(options, e)) {
         if (strcmp(qdict_entry_key(e), "x-image")) {
-            qobject_ref(qdict_entry_value(e));
-            qdict_put_obj(opts, qdict_entry_key(e), qdict_entry_value(e));
+            qdict_put_obj(opts, qdict_entry_key(e),
+                          qobject_ref(qdict_entry_value(e)));
         }
     }
 
diff --git a/block/blkverify.c b/block/blkverify.c
index 3cffcb1ca6..754cc9e857 100644
--- a/block/blkverify.c
+++ b/block/blkverify.c
@@ -291,10 +291,10 @@ static void blkverify_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState 
*bs, QDict *options)
         QDict *opts = qdict_new();
         qdict_put_str(opts, "driver", "blkverify");
 
-        qobject_ref(bs->file->bs->full_open_options);
-        qdict_put(opts, "raw", bs->file->bs->full_open_options);
-        qobject_ref(s->test_file->bs->full_open_options);
-        qdict_put(opts, "test", s->test_file->bs->full_open_options);
+        qdict_put(opts, "raw",
+                  qobject_ref(bs->file->bs->full_open_options));
+        qdict_put(opts, "test",
+                  qobject_ref(s->test_file->bs->full_open_options));
 
         bs->full_open_options = opts;
     }
diff --git a/block/null.c b/block/null.c
index 700a2d0857..3944550f67 100644
--- a/block/null.c
+++ b/block/null.c
@@ -244,7 +244,6 @@ static int coroutine_fn 
null_co_block_status(BlockDriverState *bs,
 
 static void null_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *opts)
 {
-    qobject_ref(opts);
     qdict_del(opts, "filename");
 
     if (!qdict_size(opts)) {
@@ -253,7 +252,7 @@ static void null_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs, 
QDict *opts)
     }
 
     qdict_put_str(opts, "driver", bs->drv->format_name);
-    bs->full_open_options = opts;
+    bs->full_open_options = qobject_ref(opts);
 }
 
 static BlockDriver bdrv_null_co = {
diff --git a/block/nvme.c b/block/nvme.c
index e192da9ee1..6f71122bf5 100644
--- a/block/nvme.c
+++ b/block/nvme.c
@@ -1073,7 +1073,6 @@ static int nvme_reopen_prepare(BDRVReopenState 
*reopen_state,
 
 static void nvme_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *opts)
 {
-    qobject_ref(opts);
     qdict_del(opts, "filename");
 
     if (!qdict_size(opts)) {
@@ -1082,7 +1081,7 @@ static void nvme_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs, 
QDict *opts)
     }
 
     qdict_put_str(opts, "driver", bs->drv->format_name);
-    bs->full_open_options = opts;
+    bs->full_open_options = qobject_ref(opts);
 }
 
 static void nvme_refresh_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, Error **errp)
diff --git a/block/quorum.c b/block/quorum.c
index 862cea366d..a5051da56e 100644
--- a/block/quorum.c
+++ b/block/quorum.c
@@ -1082,8 +1082,8 @@ static void quorum_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs, 
QDict *options)
 
     children = qlist_new();
     for (i = 0; i < s->num_children; i++) {
-        qobject_ref(s->children[i]->bs->full_open_options);
-        qlist_append(children, s->children[i]->bs->full_open_options);
+        qlist_append(children,
+                     qobject_ref(s->children[i]->bs->full_open_options));
     }
 
     opts = qdict_new();
diff --git a/monitor.c b/monitor.c
index 4f43eee2bb..3a750208fd 100644
--- a/monitor.c
+++ b/monitor.c
@@ -494,9 +494,8 @@ static void monitor_json_emitter(Monitor *mon, QObject 
*data)
          * caller won't free the data (which will be finally freed in
          * responder thread).
          */
-        qobject_ref(data);
         qemu_mutex_lock(&mon->qmp.qmp_queue_lock);
-        g_queue_push_tail(mon->qmp.qmp_responses, data);
+        g_queue_push_tail(mon->qmp.qmp_responses, qobject_ref(data));
         qemu_mutex_unlock(&mon->qmp.qmp_queue_lock);
         qemu_bh_schedule(mon_global.qmp_respond_bh);
     } else {
@@ -614,8 +613,7 @@ monitor_qapi_event_queue(QAPIEvent event, QDict *qdict, 
Error **errp)
              * replacing a prior stored event if any.
              */
             qobject_unref(evstate->qdict);
-            evstate->qdict = qdict;
-            qobject_ref(evstate->qdict);
+            evstate->qdict = qobject_ref(qdict);
         } else {
             /*
              * Last send was (at least) evconf->rate ns ago.
@@ -629,8 +627,7 @@ monitor_qapi_event_queue(QAPIEvent event, QDict *qdict, 
Error **errp)
 
             evstate = g_new(MonitorQAPIEventState, 1);
             evstate->event = event;
-            evstate->data = data;
-            qobject_ref(evstate->data);
+            evstate->data = qobject_ref(data);
             evstate->qdict = NULL;
             evstate->timer = timer_new_ns(event_clock_type,
                                           monitor_qapi_event_handler,
@@ -4049,8 +4046,7 @@ static void monitor_qmp_respond(Monitor *mon, QObject 
*rsp,
     if (rsp) {
         if (id) {
             /* This is for the qdict below. */
-            qobject_ref(id);
-            qdict_put_obj(qobject_to(QDict, rsp), "id", id);
+            qdict_put_obj(qobject_to(QDict, rsp), "id", qobject_ref(id));
         }
 
         monitor_json_emitter(mon, rsp);
@@ -4190,15 +4186,14 @@ static void handle_qmp_command(JSONMessageParser 
*parser, GQueue *tokens)
         goto err;
     }
 
-    qobject_ref(id);
-    qdict_del(qdict, "id");
-
     req_obj = g_new0(QMPRequest, 1);
     req_obj->mon = mon;
-    req_obj->id = id;
+    req_obj->id = id ? qobject_ref(id) : NULL;
     req_obj->req = req;
     req_obj->need_resume = false;
 
+    qdict_del(qdict, "id");
+
     if (qmp_is_oob(qdict)) {
         /* Out-Of-Band (OOB) requests are executed directly in parser. */
         trace_monitor_qmp_cmd_out_of_band(qobject_get_try_str(req_obj->id)
diff --git a/qapi/qobject-input-visitor.c b/qapi/qobject-input-visitor.c
index 7a290c4a3f..da57f4cc24 100644
--- a/qapi/qobject-input-visitor.c
+++ b/qapi/qobject-input-visitor.c
@@ -588,8 +588,7 @@ static void qobject_input_type_any(Visitor *v, const char 
*name, QObject **obj,
         return;
     }
 
-    qobject_ref(qobj);
-    *obj = qobj;
+    *obj = qobject_ref(qobj);
 }
 
 static void qobject_input_type_null(Visitor *v, const char *name,
@@ -677,8 +676,7 @@ static QObjectInputVisitor 
*qobject_input_visitor_base_new(QObject *obj)
     v->visitor.optional = qobject_input_optional;
     v->visitor.free = qobject_input_free;
 
-    v->root = obj;
-    qobject_ref(obj);
+    v->root = qobject_ref(obj);
 
     return v;
 }
diff --git a/qapi/qobject-output-visitor.c b/qapi/qobject-output-visitor.c
index 3a933b489b..89ffd8a7bf 100644
--- a/qapi/qobject-output-visitor.c
+++ b/qapi/qobject-output-visitor.c
@@ -188,8 +188,8 @@ static void qobject_output_type_any(Visitor *v, const char 
*name,
                                     QObject **obj, Error **errp)
 {
     QObjectOutputVisitor *qov = to_qov(v);
-    qobject_ref(*obj);
-    qobject_output_add_obj(qov, name, *obj);
+
+    qobject_output_add_obj(qov, name, qobject_ref(*obj));
 }
 
 static void qobject_output_type_null(Visitor *v, const char *name,
@@ -210,8 +210,7 @@ static void qobject_output_complete(Visitor *v, void 
*opaque)
     assert(qov->root && QSLIST_EMPTY(&qov->stack));
     assert(opaque == qov->result);
 
-    qobject_ref(qov->root);
-    *qov->result = qov->root;
+    *qov->result = qobject_ref(qov->root);
     qov->result = NULL;
 }
 
diff --git a/qobject/qdict.c b/qobject/qdict.c
index 2e9bd53e22..22800eeceb 100644
--- a/qobject/qdict.c
+++ b/qobject/qdict.c
@@ -373,8 +373,7 @@ QDict *qdict_clone_shallow(const QDict *src)
 
     for (i = 0; i < QDICT_BUCKET_MAX; i++) {
         QLIST_FOREACH(entry, &src->table[i], next) {
-            qobject_ref(entry->value);
-            qdict_put_obj(dest, entry->key, entry->value);
+            qdict_put_obj(dest, entry->key, qobject_ref(entry->value));
         }
     }
 
@@ -480,8 +479,7 @@ void qdict_copy_default(QDict *dst, QDict *src, const char 
*key)
 
     val = qdict_get(src, key);
     if (val) {
-        qobject_ref(val);
-        qdict_put_obj(dst, key, val);
+        qdict_put_obj(dst, key, qobject_ref(val));
     }
 }
 
@@ -526,8 +524,7 @@ static void qdict_flatten_qlist(QList *qlist, QDict 
*target, const char *prefix)
             qdict_flatten_qlist(qobject_to(QList, value), target, new_key);
         } else {
             /* All other types are moved to the target unchanged. */
-            qobject_ref(value);
-            qdict_put_obj(target, new_key, value);
+            qdict_put_obj(target, new_key, qobject_ref(value));
         }
 
         g_free(new_key);
@@ -566,8 +563,7 @@ static void qdict_flatten_qdict(QDict *qdict, QDict 
*target, const char *prefix)
             delete = true;
         } else if (prefix) {
             /* All other objects are moved to the target unchanged. */
-            qobject_ref(value);
-            qdict_put_obj(target, new_key, value);
+            qdict_put_obj(target, new_key, qobject_ref(value));
             delete = true;
         }
 
@@ -610,8 +606,7 @@ void qdict_extract_subqdict(QDict *src, QDict **dst, const 
char *start)
     while (entry != NULL) {
         next = qdict_next(src, entry);
         if (strstart(entry->key, start, &p)) {
-            qobject_ref(entry->value);
-            qdict_put_obj(*dst, p, entry->value);
+            qdict_put_obj(*dst, p, qobject_ref(entry->value));
             qdict_del(src, entry->key);
         }
         entry = next;
@@ -894,16 +889,14 @@ QObject *qdict_crumple(const QDict *src, Error **errp)
                 qdict_put_obj(two_level, prefix, QOBJECT(child_dict));
             }
 
-            qobject_ref(ent->value);
-            qdict_put_obj(child_dict, suffix, ent->value);
+            qdict_put_obj(child_dict, suffix, qobject_ref(ent->value));
         } else {
             if (child) {
                 error_setg(errp, "Key %s prefix is already set as a dict",
                            prefix);
                 goto error;
             }
-            qobject_ref(ent->value);
-            qdict_put_obj(two_level, prefix, ent->value);
+            qdict_put_obj(two_level, prefix, qobject_ref(ent->value));
         }
 
         g_free(prefix);
@@ -924,8 +917,7 @@ QObject *qdict_crumple(const QDict *src, Error **errp)
 
             qdict_put_obj(multi_level, ent->key, child);
         } else {
-            qobject_ref(ent->value);
-            qdict_put_obj(multi_level, ent->key, ent->value);
+            qdict_put_obj(multi_level, ent->key, qobject_ref(ent->value));
         }
     }
     qobject_unref(two_level);
@@ -951,8 +943,7 @@ QObject *qdict_crumple(const QDict *src, Error **errp)
                 goto error;
             }
 
-            qobject_ref(child);
-            qlist_append_obj(qobject_to(QList, dst), child);
+            qlist_append_obj(qobject_to(QList, dst), qobject_ref(child));
         }
         qobject_unref(multi_level);
         multi_level = NULL;
@@ -1055,8 +1046,7 @@ void qdict_join(QDict *dest, QDict *src, bool overwrite)
         next = qdict_next(src, entry);
 
         if (overwrite || !qdict_haskey(dest, entry->key)) {
-            qobject_ref(entry->value);
-            qdict_put_obj(dest, entry->key, entry->value);
+            qdict_put_obj(dest, entry->key, qobject_ref(entry->value));
             qdict_del(src, entry->key);
         }
 
@@ -1088,8 +1078,7 @@ bool qdict_rename_keys(QDict *qdict, const QDictRenames 
*renames, Error **errp)
             }
 
             qobj = qdict_get(qdict, renames->from);
-            qobject_ref(qobj);
-            qdict_put_obj(qdict, renames->to, qobj);
+            qdict_put_obj(qdict, renames->to, qobject_ref(qobj));
             qdict_del(qdict, renames->from);
         }
 
-- 
2.17.0.rc1.36.gcedb63ea2f


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