On a cluster that is based on RedHat 6.2, we are updating to R-3.3.1.
I have, from time to time, run into problems with various R packages
and some older versions of GCC. I wish we had newer Linux in the
cluster, but with 1000s of nodes running 1000s of jobs, well, they
don't want a restart.
Administrator suggested I try to build with the GCC that is provided
with the nodes, which is gcc-4.4.7. To my surprise, R-3.3.1 compiled
with that. After that, I got quite far, many 100s of packages
compiled, but then I hit a snag that RccArmadillo explicitly refuses
to build with anything older than gcc-4.6. The OpenMx package and
emplik packages also refuse to compile with old gcc
The cluster uses a module system, it is easy enough to swap in various
gcc versions to see what compiles.
I did succeed compiling RcppArmadillo with gcc 4.9.2. But Rcpp is not
picky, it compiled with gcc-4.4.7.
1) will reliance on various GCC make the packages incompatible with
R, or each other?
I logged out, logged back in, with R 3.3.1 I can run
with no errors so far. But I'm not stress testing it much.
I should rebuild everything?
I expect that if I were to use gcc-6 on one package, it would not be
compatible with binaries built with 4.4.7. But is there a zone of
tolerance allowing 4.4.7 and 4.9 packages to coexist?
2) If I build with non-default GCC, are all of the R users going to
hit trouble if they don't have the same GCC I use? Unless I make some
extraordinary effort, they are getting GCC 4.4.7. If they try to
install a package, they are getting that GCC, not the one I use to
build RcppArmadillo or the other trouble cases (or everything, if you
say I need to go back and rebuild).
>From an administrative point of view, should I tie R-3.3.1 to a
particular version of GCC? I think I could learn how to do that.
On the cluster, they use the module framework. There are about 50
versions of GCC. It is easy enough ask for a newer one:
$ module load gcc/4.9.2
It puts the gcc 4.9.2 binaries and shared libraries at the front of the PATHs.
Paul E. Johnson http://pj.freefaculty.org
Director, Center for Research Methods and Data Analysis http://crmda.ku.edu
To write me directly, address me at pauljohn at ku.edu.
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