The s6-svscan and s6-supervise are very simple (and elegant) and in a way do less than runsvdir and runsv: they don't go around allocating resources at runtime.

On 30.06.2017 22:38, Steve Litt wrote:
On Fri, 30 Jun 2017 19:50:17 +0000
"Laurent Bercot" <> wrote:

The runsv executable is pretty robust, so it's unlikely to die.
   Yadda yadda yadda. Most daemons are also unlikely to die, so
following your reasoning, I wonder why we're doing supervision in the
first place. Hint: we're doing supervision because we are not content
with "unlikely". We want "impossible".
You want impossible. I'm quite happy with unlikely. With my use
case, rebooting my computer doesn't ruin my whole day. If it *did* ruin
my whole day, my priorities would be changed and I'd switch to s6.

  As far
as somebody killing it accidentally or on purpose with the kill
command, that's a marginal case. But if it were *really* important to
protect against, fine, have one link dir per early longrun, and run
an individual runsvdir on each of those link directories.
   And you just increased the length of the chain while adding no
guarantee at all, because now someone can just kill that runsvdir
first and then go down the chain, like an assassin starting with the
bodyguards of the bodyguards of the important people. Or the assassin
might just use a bomb and blow up the whole house in one go: kill -9

   The main point of supervision is to provide an absolute guarantee
that some process tree will always be up, no matter what gets killed
in what order, and even if everything is killed at the same time.
To me, the preceding isn't the main point of supervision. Supervision
benefits I value more are:

* Run my daemon in foreground, so homegrown daemons have no need to
* Consistent and easy handling of log files.
* Under almost all circumstances, dead daemons get restarted.
* Simple config and troubleshooting, lots of test points.
* POSIX methodologies ensure I can easily do special stuff with it.
* Ability to base process dependency on whether the dependee is
   *really* doing its job.

can only achieve that guarantee by rooting your supervision tree in
process 1.

   With runit, only the main runsvdir is supervised - and even then it
isn't really, because when it dies runit switches to stage 3 and
reboots the machine. Which is probably acceptable behaviour, but
still not supervision.
If we're going to get into definitions, then let me start by saying
what I want is daemontools that comes up automatically when the machine
is booted. Whether or not that's supervision isn't something I care

And everything running outside of that main
runsvdir is just hanging up in the air - they can be easily killed
and will not return.
Wellllll, if they kill the runsv that's true, but if they kill the
daemon, no. Either way, I'm willing to live with it.

   By adding supervisors to supervisors, you are making probabilistic
statements, and hoping that nobody will kill all the processes in the
wrong order. But hope is not a strategy. There is, however, a strategy
that works 100% of the time, and that is also more lightweight because
it doesn't require long supervisor chains: rooting the supervision
tree in process 1. That is what an s6-based init does, and it
provides real, strong supervision; and unlike with runit, the machine
is only rebooted when the admin explicitly decides so.
I completely understand your point. I just don't need that level of

   If you're not convinced: *even systemd* does better than your
solution. systemd obviously has numerous other problems, but it does
the "root the supervision tree in process 1" thing right.
LOL, my whole point is I don't necessarily think "root the supervision
tree in process 1" is right, at least for my use case. I *enjoy* having
a tiny, do-almost-nothing PID1.

Like I said before, if losing control of the system during special
circumstances would ruin my whole day, I'd change my priorities and use

   I appreciate your enthusiasm for supervision suites. I would
appreciate it more if you didn't stop halfway from understanding
everything they bring, and if you didn't paint your unwillingness to
learn more as a technical argument, which it definitely is not, while
flippantly dismissing contributions from people who know what they
are talking about.
But I didn't flippantly dismiss anybody or any contributions. I
pointed  out that one can, and I'll use different verbiage now, respawn
daemons early in the boot, before some of the one-shots had started.

I'm not an enemy of s6. I'm not an enemy of anything you apply the word
"supervision" to. I think I understand your reasons for doing what you
do. It's just that with my current use case, I've traded some of s6's
process and boot security (you know what I mean) for a simpler PID1 and
a standalone daemon respawner.

If and when I get a use case requiring more durability of processes and
what runs them, I'll for sure use s6 for that.

Steve Litt
June 2017 featured book: The Key to Everyday Excellence

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