FYI, John K1AE

-----Original Message-----
From: YCCC [mailto:yccc-boun...@contesting.com] On Behalf Of ROBERT DOHERTY
Sent: Saturday, August 12, 2017 9:26 AM
To: YCCC Reflector
Subject: [YCCC] Fwd: Re: [Radio Officers, &c] Ships fooled in GPS spoofing 
attack suggest Russian cyberweapon

As if there were not enough problems in the world .....

Whitey  K1VV  

>     Date: August 12, 2017 at 7:37 AM
>     Subject: Re: [Radio Officers, &c] Ships fooled in GPS spoofing attack 
> suggest Russian cyberweapon
> 
>     Ships fooled in GPS spoofing attack suggest Russian cyberweapon
> 
>     News from: New Scientis (article reported by R/O Luca Milone – IZ7GEG)
> 
>     
> https://www.newscientist.com/article/2143499-ships-fooled-in-gps-spoofing-attack-suggest-russian-cyberweapon/#.WY6zNfZq1VA.google_plusone_share
>  
> https://www.newscientist.com/article/2143499-ships-fooled-in-gps-spoofing-attack-suggest-russian-cyberweapon/#.WY6zNfZq1VA.google_plusone_share
> 
> 
>     On date: 10 August 2017
> 
>     By David Hambling
> 
> 
>     Reports of satellite navigation problems in the Black Sea suggest that 
> Russia may be testing a new system for spoofing GPS, New Scientist has 
> learned. This could be the first hint of a new form of electronic warfare 
> available to everyone from rogue nation states to petty criminals.
> 
> 
>     On 22 June, the US Maritime Administration filed a seemingly bland 
> incident report. The master of a ship off the Russian port of Novorossiysk 
> had discovered his GPS put him in the wrong spot – more than 32 kilometres 
> inland, at Gelendzhik Airport.
> 
> 
>     After checking the navigation equipment was working properly, the captain 
> contacted other nearby ships. Their AIS traces – signals from the automatic 
> identification system used to track vessels – placed them all at the same 
> airport. At least 20 ships were affected 
> http://maritime-executive.com/editorials/mass-gps-spoofing-attack-in-black-sea
>  .
> 
>      
>     While the incident is not yet confirmed, experts think this is the first 
> documented use of GPS misdirection – 
> https://www.marad.dot.gov/msci/alert/2017/2017-005a-gps-interference-black-sea/
>   a spoofing attack that has long been warned of but never been seen in the 
> wild.
> 
> 
>     Until now, the biggest worry for GPS has been it can be jammed 
> https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20202-gps-chaos-how-a-30-box-can-jam-your-life/
>   by masking the GPS satellite signal with noise. While this can cause chaos, 
> it is also easy to detect. GPS receivers sound an alarm when they lose the 
> signal due to jamming. Spoofing is more insidious: a false signal from a 
> ground station simply confuses a satellite receiver. “Jamming just causes the 
> receiver to die, spoofing causes the receiver to lie,” says consultant David 
> Last http://www.professordavidlast.co.uk/ , former president of the UK’s 
> Royal Institute of Navigation.
> 
> 
>     Todd Humphreys 
> http://www.ae.utexas.edu/faculty/faculty-directory/humphreys , of the 
> University of Texas at Austin, has been warning of the coming danger of GPS 
> spoofing for many years. In 2013, he showed how a superyacht with 
> state-of-the-art navigation could be lured off-course by GPS spoofing. “The 
> receiver’s behaviour in the Black Sea incident was much like during the 
> controlled attacks http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/navi.183/full  
> my team conducted,” says Humphreys.
> 
> 
>     Humphreys thinks this is Russia experimenting with a new form of 
> electronic warfare. Over the past year, GPS spoofing has been causing chaos 
> for the receivers on phone apps in central Moscow to misbehave 
> https://themoscowtimes.com/articles/the-kremlin-eats-gps-for-breakfast-55823 
> . The scale of the problem did not become apparent until people began trying 
> to play Pokemon Go. The fake signal, which seems to centre on the Kremlin, 
> relocates anyone nearby to Vnukovo Airport 
> http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2017/01/bizarre-gps-spoofing-means-drivers-near-kremlin-always-airport/
>  , 32 km away. This is probably for defensive reasons; many NATO guided 
> bombs, missiles and drones rely on GPS navigation, and successful spoofing 
> would make it impossible for them to hit their targets.
> 
> 
>     But now the geolocation interference is being used far away from the 
> Kremlin. Some worry that this means that spoofing is getting easier. GPS 
> spoofing previously required considerable technical expertise. Humphreys had 
> to build his first spoofer from scratch in 2008, but notes that it can now be 
> done with commercial hardware and software downloaded from the Internet.
> 
> 
>     Nor does it require much power. Satellite signals are very weak – about 
> 20 watts from 20,000 miles away – so a one-watt transmitter on a hilltop, 
> plane or drone is enough to spoof everything out to the horizon.
> 
> 
>     If the hardware and software are becoming more accessible, nation states 
> soon won’t be the only ones using the technology. This is within the scope of 
> any competent hacker 
> http://www.comsoc.org/ctn/lost-space-how-secure-future-mobile-positioning . 
> There have not yet been any authenticated reports of criminal spoofing, but 
> it should not be difficult for criminals to use it to divert a driverless 
> vehicle 
> https://www.newscientist.com/article/2142059-sneaky-attacks-trick-ais-into-seeing-or-hearing-whats-not-there/
>   or drone delivery, or to hijack an autonomous ship. Spoofing will give 
> everyone affected the same location, so a hijacker would just need a 
> short-ranged system to affect one vehicle.
> 
> 
>     But Humphreys believes that spoofing by a state operator is the more 
> serious threat. “It affects safety-of-life operations over a large area,” he 
> says. “In congested waters with poor weather, such as the English Channel, it 
> would likely cause great confusion, and probably collisions.”
> 
> 
>     Last says that the Black Sea incident suggests a new device capable of 
> causing widespread disruption, for example, if used in the ongoing dispute 
> with Ukraine. “My gut feeling is that this is a test of a system which will 
> be used in anger at some other time.”
> 
> 
>     73’s
>     webmaster
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