Well, a little googling found this, which is a pretty good writeup: 
https://jvns.ca/blog/2017/06/03/async-io-on-linux--select--poll--and-epoll/


> On Apr 11, 2018, at 2:42 PM, Bill Torpey <wallstp...@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> So, are there any benchmark tests that can be used to quantify the overhead 
> of zmq_poll?  It seems like this question keeps coming up, and it would 
> certainly be nice to have some real numbers (and the code used to generate 
> them).
> 
> Having said that, there are several mechanisms that zmq_poll can use, and 
> there are apparently significant performance differences between them.  My 
> understanding of the conventional wisdom is that epoll is preferable to poll, 
> which is preferable to select — but I don’t have any data to back that up.
> 
> In any event, you can examine the output of the libzmq build to see which 
> mechanism is being used:
> 
> -- Looking for kqueue
> -- Looking for kqueue - not found
> -- Looking for epoll_create
> -- Looking for epoll_create - found
> -- Looking for epoll_create1
> -- Looking for epoll_create1 - found
> -- Detected epoll polling method
> 
> I’ve found one (very old!) post that discusses these differences: 
> https://cs.uwaterloo.ca/~brecht/servers/epoll/ 
> <https://cs.uwaterloo.ca/~brecht/servers/epoll/>.  If anyone can suggest 
> additional sources, please do.
> 
> 
>> On Apr 11, 2018, at 1:46 PM, Luca Boccassi <luca.bocca...@gmail.com 
>> <mailto:luca.bocca...@gmail.com>> wrote:
>> 
>> On Wed, 2018-04-11 at 18:47 +0200, Francesco wrote:
>>> Hi all,
>>> 
>>> I'm using zmq_poller_wait_all() API in one of my threads because I
>>> need to
>>> poll over 2 ZMQ sockets.
>>> I'm receiving a lot of traffic on both these sockets.
>>> I think the performance of my software is bad and that may be due
>>> IMHO to
>>> the huge amount of poll() syscalls that my thread does... I think the
>>> overhead of doing the system call is what is killing me...
>>> 
>>> so my question is: when zmq_poller_wait_all() polls zmq FDs it is
>>> actually
>>> polling the real socket FD or rather some ZMQ internal structure?
>>> If the latter is true, do I have a way to poll more than 1 zmq socket
>>> without doing a system call?
>>> 
>>> 
>>> THanks,
>>> Francesco
>> 
>> I'm not familiar with the zmq_poller API so someone else might help -
>> in general, a common optimisation is to drain the socket using non-
>> blocking receives when poll wakes up (taking care of using heuristic to
>> avoid starving the other sockets), so that you can process multiple
>> messages per poll
>> 
>> -- 
>> Kind regards,
>> Luca Boccassi_______________________________________________
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