Very Interesting Tomás! Susan Vargas Murphy
Sent from my iPhone > On Aug 10, 2017, at 8:32 AM, Tomas Leal <tomasl...@comcast.net> wrote: > > Not all immigrants to the U.S. arrived with official passports. My > grandfather's oldest brother emigrated from Horta in 1885, but his passport > was issued later to verify his Portuguese citizenship and was signed for by > his younger brother, who remained in Flamengos the rest of his life. His > signature is on the back of the passport. I assume that after-the-fact > documents were not rare, as I cannot imagine any official issuing a passport > for someone who had already left the country. It's possible your ancestors > simply came over without papers. > > Apparently, passports were not always required for entry to the U.S. For > example, https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Passports shows > periods when passports were required, and it appears none were required > between 1862 and 1918. To my knowledge, my paternal grandfather from the > Azores is the only one of my four grandparents who had a passport; the other > three did not. > > My Azorean grandfather, who emigrated in 1907, did have a passport before his > departure. Because he was already 18, his passport states he was granted an > exemption from military service. He probably felt the need for a passport > stating his military exemption because he would have been forbidden by law > from leaving the country ahead of fulfilling his military obligation. My > other grandparents did not have the same issue. In those days, many young men > swam or rowed out to the ship rather than leave from the port, so they could > evade the authorities and emigrate without fulfilling military service, which > might have caused further hardship on the family--loss of labor on the farm, > loss of income, and so on. I don't know why or how my grandfather got this > exemption, though I assume some sort of "hardship" was claimed. His father > (my great-grandfather) had already died, leaving the farm to his widow (my > great-grandmother). Three of his brothers (including his oldest one) had > already emigrated and the oldest brother had already sent passage from Horta > to New York and New York to Oakland when my grandfather applied for his > passport. Thus, my grandfather was fully sponsored before he emigrated. > > Tomás Leal > > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups > "Azores Genealogy" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an > email to azores+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. > Visit this group at https://groups.google.com/group/azores. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Azores Genealogy" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to azores+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. Visit this group at https://groups.google.com/group/azores.