I discussed this more at bitcointalk:

The attacks I'm interested in preventing are not only selfish mining
and collusion, but also more subtle attacks like block withholding,
and in general anything that aims to drive out the competition in
order to increase hashrate fraction. I also scrapped the idea of
changing the block subsidies, and I am only focuses on fees.

You can read more about the motivation and details in the bitcointalk
thread, but my proposal in short would be to add the concept of
"reserve fees". When a user makes a transaction, for each txout
script, they can add parameters that specify the fraction of the total
fee that is held in "reserve" and the time it is held in "reserve"
(can set a limit of 2016 blocks). This "reserve" part of the fee will
be paid to miners if the hashrate rises. So if hashrate is currently h
and peak hashrate (from past year) is p, then for each period (1 day),
a new hashrate is calculated h1, and if h1 > h, then the fraction
(h1-h)/p from the reserve fees created in the past 2016 blocks will be
released to miners for that period (spread out over the 144 blocks in
that period). And this will keep happening as long as hashrate keeps
rising, until the "contract" expires, and the leftover part can be
used by the owner of the unspent output, but it can only be used for
paying fees, not as inputs for future transactions (to save on block

This should incentivize miners to not drive out the competition, since
if they do, there will be less of these reserve fees given to miners.
Yes in the end the miners will get all the fees, but with rising
hashrate they get an unconditional subsidy that does not require
transactions, thus more space for transactions with fees.

I can make a formal BIP and pull request, but I need to know if there
is interest in this. Now fees don't play such a large part of the
block reward, but they will get more important, and this change
wouldn't force anything (would be voluntary by each user), just miners
have to agree to it with a soft fork (so they don't spend from the
anyone-can-spend outputs used for reserve fees). Resource requirements
for validation are quite small I believe.

On Sat, Sep 1, 2018 at 12:11 AM, Andrew <onelinepr...@gmail.com> wrote:
> As I understand, selfish mining is an attack where miners collude to
> mine at a lower hashrate then with all miners working independently.
> What are the current strategies used to prevent this and what are the
> future plans?
> One idea I have is to let the block reward get "modulated" according
> to peak hashrate. Say p is the peak hashrate for 365 periods (1 year)
> consisting of 144 blocks, h is the hashrate of the last 144 block (1
> day) period, and r is the base subsidy (12.5 BTC currently). You can
> then make the max block reward 0.5 r (1 + h/p). So if hashrate is at
> peak you get the full reward. Otherwise you get less, down to a min of
> 0.5 r.
> If miners were to collude to mine at a lower than peak hashrate, then
> they may be able to do it profitably for 144 blocks, but after that,
> the reward would get modulated and it wouldn't be so much in their
> interest to continue mining at the lower hashrate.
> What flaws are there with this? I know it could be controversial due
> to easier mining present for early miners, so maybe it would have to
> be done in combination with a new more dynamic difficulty adjustment
> algorithm. But I don't see how hashrate can continue rising
> indefinitely, so a solution should be made for selfish mining.
> Also when subsidies stop and a fee market is needed, I guess a portion
> of the fees can be withheld for later if hashrate is not at peak.
> --
> PGP: B6AC 822C 451D 6304 6A28  49E9 7DB7 011C D53B 5647

PGP: B6AC 822C 451D 6304 6A28  49E9 7DB7 011C D53B 5647
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