While I'm not entirely convinced yet that accertaining non-ownership of an
input is a robust method of solving the problem here, I also see little
reason not to amend BIP-341 as proposed. The ScriptPubKeys in question is
already indirectly covered through the outpoints, so it is just a matter of
optimization.  Furthermore in the consensus code, the ScriptPubKeys are
part of the UTXO data set, and it is already being retrieved as part of the
transaction checking process, so it is readily available.

I'm not sure how much my opinion on the topic matters, but I did include
this kind of functionality in my design for Simplicity on Elements, and I
have been leaning towards adding this kind of functionality in my Bitcoin
demo application of Simplicity.

Regarding specifics, I personally think it would be better to keep the
hashes of the ScriptPubKeys separate from the hashes of the input values.
This way anyone only interested in input values does not need to wade
through what are, in principle, arbitrarily long ScriptPubKeys in order to
check the input values (which each fixed size).  To that end, I would also
(and independently) propose separating the hashing of the output values
from the output ScriptPubKeys in `sha_outputs` so again, applications
interested only in summing the values of the outputs (for instance to
compute fees) do not have to wade through those arbitrarily long
ScriptPubKeys in the outputs.

On Thu, Apr 30, 2020 at 4:22 AM Andrew Kozlik via bitcoin-dev <
bitcoin-dev@lists.linuxfoundation.org> wrote:

> Hi everyone,
> In the current draft of BIP-0341 [1] the signature message commits to the
> scriptPubKey of the output being spent by the input. I propose that the
> signature message should commit to the scriptPubKeys of *all* transaction
> inputs.
> In certain applications like CoinJoin, a wallet has to deal with
> transactions containing external inputs. To calculate the actual amount
> that the user is spending, the wallet needs to reliably determine for each
> input whether it belongs to the wallet or not. Without such a mechanism an
> adversary can fool the wallet into displaying incorrect information about
> the amount being spent, which can result in theft of user funds [2].
> In order to ascertain non-ownership of an input which is claimed to be
> external, the wallet needs the scriptPubKey of the previous output spent by
> this input. It must acquire the full transaction being spent and verify its
> hash against that which is given in the outpoint. This is an obstacle in
> the implementation of lightweight air-gapped wallets and hardware wallets
> in general. If the signature message would commit to the scriptPubKeys of
> all transaction inputs, then the wallet would only need to acquire the
> scriptPubKey of the output being spent without having to acquire and verify
> the hash of the entire previous transaction. If an attacker would provide
> an incorrect scriptPubKey, then that would cause the wallet to generate an
> invalid signature message.
> Note that committing only to the scriptPubKey of the output being spent is
> insufficient for this application, because the scriptPubKeys which are
> needed to ascertain non-ownership of external inputs are precisely the ones
> that would not be included in any of the signature messages produced by the
> wallet.
> The obvious way to implement this is to add another hash to the signature
> message:
> sha_scriptPubKeys (32): the SHA256 of the serialization of all
> scriptPubKeys of the previous outputs spent by this transaction.
> Cheers,
> Andrew Kozlik
> [1]
> https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/master/bip-0341.mediawiki#common-signature-message
> [2]
> https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2017-August/014843.html
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