EV Digest 2387

Topics covered in this issue include:

  1) EVLN(Dana's Po-Man's hybrid)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  2) EVLN(First lady rides in Green Motion EV)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  3) EVLN(PDT hydraulic hybrid REM system)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  4) EVLN(Electric Fuel drops consumer zinc-air batts)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  5) EVLN(IR Three-Phase IGBTs)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  6) EVLN(GDLS Hybrid Electric Wheel Drive)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  7) EVLN(CALSTART strokes SCAQMD)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  8) Re: Battery growth from abuse?
        by "Glenn Crosby" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
  9) EVLN(JOB: SCE Electric Vehicle Technical Specialist)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 10) EVLN(JOB: Hybrid Vehicle Battery Quality Control & Service Manager)
        by Bruce EVangel Parmenter <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 11) Re: Currie Scooter
        by Edward Ang <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 12) RE: Difference between Zinc and Cadmium - was Attnetion to Detail
        by "George Tylinski" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 13) Re: Electric Jeep?
        by "Mark Hanson" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 14) Re: Load tester for 6,8 &12 volt use.
        by "Thomas Shay" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 15) Re: Currie Scooter
        by "Roy LeMeur" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
 16) Re: Currie Scooter
        by "Rod Hower" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
--- Begin Message ---
EVLN(Dana's Po-Man's hybrid)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
Dana Corporation Unveils 12-Volt 'Stop-Start' Technology for
Better Fuel Economy and Reduced Emissions

TOLEDO, Ohio, Oct. 21 /PRNewswire/ -- Convergence 2002,
Booth # 520 -- Dana Corporation (NYSE:DCN) has developed a
new starter/alternator which enables "stop-start" technology
with traditional 12-volt electrical systems. Use of this
technology, which is being developed for the light truck/SUV
market, results in improved fuel economy and reduced
emissions.

Dana's starter/alternator technology saves fuel by shutting
off a vehicle's engine when the vehicle comes to a stop and
restarts it instantly when the driver removes their foot
from the brake pedal.  Restart occurs in less than 300
milliseconds, resulting in extremely smooth operation. "The
benefits of this technology are obvious in stop-and-go,
bumper-to-bumper city traffic," Hickey said.  "If the
vehicle isn't running, emissions are reduced and fuel isn't
consumed."

The design utilizes switched reluctance technology and
combines both a motor and a generator into one unit. 
Switched reluctance motors use no magnets, making Dana's
design more cost efficient.  The rotor is reduced in
complexity as compared to equivalent AC induction and DC
magnet systems.  The design generates no internal heat, and
is significantly more efficient than existing systems in
low-speed generation.  It can operate on 12 to 300 volts and
has significant advantages over similar designs.

"One of the most important advantages is that it can be
engineered to output from two kilowatts to 40 kilowatts
using the same basic technology," said John Hickey, director
of advanced product engineering for Dana's Automotive
Systems Group. "Our starter/alternator will start a V-8
engine on 12 volts and will work on existing vehicles."

The starter/alternator can be programmed in a variety of
ways.  For example, in the event of frequent stops and
starts in a traffic jam, the system can be programmed to
increase the time interval before the engine stops.

In addition to its fuel economy and emissions benefits, the
starter/alternator technology may provide a boost in
bringing electric power steering to market faster, due to
its ability to power advanced electrical systems.

The starter/alternator provides maximum generation
capability while at idle.  As a result, a greater number of
electronic systems such as steering and cooling can operate
while the vehicle is idling without causing a power drain.

"The ability of the starter/alternator to provide 'power
demand matching' means that, when used to power other
advanced electronic/mechanical systems such as electric
power steering and intelligent cooling, the overall fuel
economy savings can be significantly increased," Hickey
said.

Founded in 1904, Dana Corporation is a global leader in the
design, engineering, and manufacture of value-added products
and systems for automotive, commercial, and off-highway
vehicle manufacturers and their related aftermarkets.  The
company employs approximately 70,000 people worldwide, all
dedicated to achieving innovation through close
collaboration with customers.  Based in Toledo, Ohio, Dana
operates hundreds of technology, manufacturing, and customer
service facilities in 34 countries. The company reported
sales of $10.3 billion in 2001.

SOURCE  Dana Corporation CO:  Dana Corporation ST:  Ohio,
Michigan SU:  PDT TDS http://www.prnewswire.com 10/21/2002
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EVLN(First lady rides in Green Motion EV)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
http://www.pal-item.com/news/stories/20021018/localnews/319732.html
Friday, October 18, 2002
First lady takes ride in students' electric vehicle
Richmond High School: Judy O'Bannon praises educational
efforts of youth, adults  By Pamela Isaacson  Staff writer

Ben Tincher said he was a little nervous when Judy O'Bannon
slid into the passenger seat of a converted electric car.

It was the first time the Richmond High School 11th-grader
had given Indiana's first lady a lift.

O'Bannon visited Richmond High School on Thursday to film
students who participated in Green Motion
[ http://www.rp-l.com/greenmotion.htm ], an effort to
convert a standard gas-powered car to all electric, for the
television series "Communities Building Community." O'Bannon
is the program's host.

Green Motion was a partnership between Richmond High School,
Richmond Power & Light and Townsend Community Center.

"This is lifelong learning," O'Bannon said. "The adults had
as much fun and learned as much as the kids. It's that kind
of community involvement we're focusing on."

O'Bannon had invited the group to display the electric car
at the Indiana State Fair this summer. The project was part
of the Electric Vehicle Challenge Program and the RHS Area
Career Automotive Technology program.

Tincher and Eric Killion, both juniors at the school, said
it took 30 students about 300 hours to finish the car. They
said, in the beginning, they doubted it would run.

After O'Bannon rode with Tincher around the block several
times so the camera crew could film their shots, she said
the car didn't make a sound.

"It's so quiet," O'Bannon said. "You don't even know it's
going."

She said she and Tincher discussed how participating in the
car project has made him consider his career options.

"It's definitely provided a learning experience," Tincher
said. "I know I want to go into the auto industry somewhere,
but I don't know where I want to go."
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EVLN(PDT hydraulic hybrid REM system)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
New Hydraulic Technology From Permo-Drive Promises Major
Fuel Economy Gains

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., Oct. 15 /PRNewswire/ -- A new "hybrid"
hydraulic technology for commercial vehicles promises fuel
economy improvements of up to 40 percent for both new and
used vehicles, according to Paul Chandler, vice president of
North American operations for Permo-Drive Technologies Ltd.

Chandler said that based on prototype testing in Australia
and the United States, Permo-Drive's regenerative braking
and propulsion system for all classes of commercial vehicles
can significantly increase brake life, improve fuel economy,
and reduce hydrocarbon and particulate emissions.

Speaking at the Hybrid Electric Truck Users Forum at the
Chattanooga Choo Choo Holiday Inn, Oct. 15-16, he noted that
in addition to new-vehicle applications, Permo-Drive's
Regenerative Energy Management (REM) system can easily be
installed on existing vehicle fleets to achieve major and
immediate improvements in fuel economy.

REM technology captures previously unused energy generated
by a vehicle's brake system and releases it back into the
driveline as power is needed.

Chandler said that major features of the Permo-Drive system
include:

-- An innovative, "regenerative" driveshaft design,
-- Energy accumulators utilizing composite materials,
-- Ultra-light weight metals, and
-- Advanced hydraulic engineering.

The Permo-Drive executive said the company will begin
testing of the system in major North American vehicle fleets
in 2003 and plans to make the technology available
commercially in 2004.

"REM technology represents a remarkable integration of
vehicle dynamics, advanced hydraulics, mechanical
engineering, accumulator technology, material science,
computer telemetry and electronics," Chandler noted.  "The
resulting system literally has the potential to save fleet
owners billions of dollars in fuel and maintenance costs,
while reducing hydrocarbon and particulate emissions at the
same time."

Established by the U. S. Army's National Automotive Center
and WestStart- CALSTART, the Hybrid Electric Truck Users
Forum is designed to expand the market for heavy-duty hybrid
vehicles and provide an opportunity for military and
commercial fleet operators to identify and address mutual
needs and concerns.  The U. S. Army operates a fleet of
nearly 250,000 vehicles and is working to transform the
fleet to a lighter, more mobile and more fuel- efficient
force.  WestStart is a non-profit organization that has
managed more than $150 million in advanced technology
programs to foster fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.

Major fleet operators represented at the Chattanooga
conference in addition to the U.S. Army included Federal
Express, Ryder Transportation Systems, United Parcel
Service, the U. S. Postal Service and the U. S. Air Force.

Permo-Drive Technologies Ltd. is an Australian-based company
focused on the development of regenerative energy management
systems.  More information about the company is available on
the Internet at www.permo-drive.com .

SOURCE  Permo-Drive Technologies Ltd.  CO:  Permo-Drive
Technologies Ltd.  ST:  Tennessee, Michigan SU:  PDT
http://www.prnewswire.com 10/15/2002 13:18 EDT
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EVLN(Electric Fuel drops consumer zinc-air batts)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
Electric Fuel CEO Steps Down; Company Discontinues
Unprofitable Consumer Battery Operations To Focus On Defense
and Security Business
NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 21, 2002--
Company Projects Positive Cash Flow in 2003

Electric Fuel Corporation announced today
that Yehuda Harats, its president and CEO and a member of
the Board, has decided to resign from his positions with the
Company and its subsidiaries in order to pursue other
interests.

The Company also announced that it will discontinue retail
sales of its INSTANT POWER(R) consumer battery products
because of the high costs associated with consumer marketing
and low volume manufacturing. The move is expected to
significantly accelerate progress toward achieving positive
cash flow in 2003. The Company will continue to fulfill all
its existing contractual obligations, online sales, and
sales to OEMs and the military.

The decision will enable the Company to focus on its defense
and security related businesses: the "use of force"
simulator business operated by the Company's IES Interactive
Training subsidiary; the car armoring business operated by
the Company's MDT subsidiary; and the Company's military and
OEM battery business, which produces batteries for the U.S.
Armed Forces, U.S. and Israeli security agencies, as well as
high tech battery solutions for unmanned aircraft and
vehicles.

The Board of Directors selected Robert S. Ehrlich, Chairman
of the Board, to be the new President and CEO. Mr. Ehrlich
has an extensive background in corporate restructuring at
Mattel, Inc. and Fresenius Medical Systems, Inc. When Mr.
Ehrlich joined Fresenius as CEO and Chairman, its revenues
were $16 million; when he left the Board, its revenues had
climbed to $3.5 billion.

"In pursuit of the best interests of our shareholders, we
have made a strategic decision to arrest the negative cash
flows stemming from the retail business," Mr. Ehrlich
stated. "The division has used up capital well beyond our
resources over the past few years, and this has stymied the
Company's growth."

The discontinuation of the consumer retail products will
result in a one-time, pre-tax charge of approximately $8.5
million, reflecting a write-down of inventory and fixed
assets as well as costs associated with the reduction in the
Company's workforce. Almost all these charges are non-cash
impacting items.

"We remain committed to our zinc-air electric vehicle
program, which we believe is weeks away from gaining
additional funding, and to our growing and profitable
defense and security-related businesses. With this decisive
move and new business plan, we plan to reduce our burn rate
to zero and reach break-even as early as the first half of
2003, and to build from there," Ehrlich said.

Mr. Harats served as President and CEO of Electric Fuel
since its inception in 1990. His engineering background and
innovative thinking were instrumental in the development of
the Company's flagship zinc-air products for the
transportation, consumer electronics, and safety sectors.

Mr. Harats commented, "While I will no longer be involved
with Electric Fuel's management, I am still a strong
believer in the Company's zinc-air technology. As a
significant shareholder, I am confident that Electric Fuel
will continue to make progress."

Conference Call
There will be a special conference call on Tuesday, October
22, 2002 at 10:00 AM EDT to discuss this press release. To
take part in the conference call, please dial 1 (800)
289-0528 (U.S.) or + 1 (913) 981-5522 (International) a few
minutes before the 10:00 AM EDT start time. For your
convenience, an instant replay will be available Tuesday,
October 22, 2002 at 1:00 PM EDT until Thursday, October 24,
2002 at 8:00 PM EDT. The replay telephone numbers are 1
(888) 203-1112 (U.S.); +1 (719) 457-0820 (International).
The confirmation number is 599715.

About Electric Fuel
Electric Fuel Corporation (www.electric-fuel.com) is a world
leader in primary and refuelable zinc-air fuel cell
technology, pioneering advancements in battery technology
for defense and security products and other military
applications and electric vehicles. Electric Fuel also
develops, manufactures and markets advanced hi-tech
multimedia and interactive digital solutions for training of
military, law enforcement and security personnel, as well as
using state of the art lightweight materials and advanced
engineering processes to armor vehicles.

Electric Fuel has corporate and sales offices in New York
and London and conducts its research, development and
production activities through subsidiaries in Israel and
Colorado, and at its production facilities in Israel and in
Auburn, Alabama, where it develops and manufactures advanced
batteries for the defense market.

[...] this news release include forward-looking statements
[...]
CONTACT: Company Contact: Electric Fuel Corporation Conrad
F. Mir, 212/529-9200, ext 111 [EMAIL PROTECTED] or S & S
Public Relations Jill Schmidt, 847/955-7730 x227 SOURCE: 
Electric Fuel Corporation 10/21/2002 09:27 EASTERN
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EVLN(IR Three-Phase IGBTs)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
International Rectifier Introduces Three-Phase Inverter
Driver IC to Simplify Designs of Motor Drives

EL SEGUNDO, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 21,
2002--International Rectifier, IR(r) introduces
the IR2136 family of three-phase inverter-driver ICs for
variable speed motor drives. The new ICs integrate six
MOSFET or IGBT high voltage gate drivers with a range of
protection functions at 30% lower system cost than
opto-coupler solutions. These ICs also simplify design with
as much as 30% lower component count and shrink gate drive
circuit size by up to 50% compared to alternative
solutions.

The IR2136 IC family is designed to decrease the cost and
complexity of energy-efficient, electronically-driven
variable speed electric motors for home appliances such as
laundry washers and air conditioners, as well as light
industrial and automotive motor drives.

"Appliance manufacturers are transitioning to variable speed
motors which can save more than 50% of the energy and enable
new features. The latest water-saving clothes washers use
high voltage gate driver ICs to implement energy-efficient
electronically-driven, variable speed motors. IR's new
inverter-driver ICs contain the functionality and protection
to make variable speed motor technology practical for the
competitive appliance market," said Alberto Guerra,
Director, Appliance Business Unit, at International
Rectifier.

Technical Highlights
The 600V IR2136 ICs are CMOS- or LSTTL-output compatible,
down to 3.3V logic for direct interface with a
microcontroller or other logic devices and offer 120mA/250mA
output source/sink current. The new ICs enable rugged
designs with up to 50V/ns dV/dt immunity and low di/dt drive
current for noise immunity.

The IR2136 delivers higher performance than opto-couplers or
transformers, and allows high frequency operation with a
deadtime as low as 250ns, and a typical turn-on/turn-off
time of 400ns. The output drivers feature a high pulse
current buffer stage designed for minimum driver
cross-conduction. The IC integrates cross-conduction
prevention logic to eliminate short-circuit conditions.
Matched propagation delays for all six channels in the
single IC package ensure consistent high frequency
operation. High frequency provides better motor torque
performance at low speed and reduces audible noise.

An over-current trip function terminates all six outputs,
and can be derived from an external current sense resistor.
An open-drain fault signal to the main controller indicates
that an over-current or under-voltage shutdown has occurred.
An enable function is available to terminate all six outputs
simultaneously. Over-current fault conditions are cleared
automatically after a delay programmed externally via an R-C
network.

The IR2136 ICs are well suited for 110V to 360V input
inverters up to 2kW, used for AC induction, brushless DC or
switched reluctance motor drivers.

A data sheet directory for the new three-phase
inverter-driver ICs is posted on the IR Web site. Go to
http://ec.irf.com/ec/adirect/ir?cmd=search&query=IR2136

Pricing and Availability
Pricing for the new IR2136 is US $3.40 each in 10,000-unit
quantities. Production orders are available immediately.

About International Rectifier
International Rectifier is recognized as a leading supplier
of power semiconductors and systems solutions. IR's patented
HEXFET(r) power MOSFETs, IGBTs and high-voltage ICs make
electricity work smarter in industrial automation and
controls, automotive electrical systems, consumer
electronics, computers and peripherals, telecommunications,
lighting and satellite/launch vehicle applications.

Trademark Notice
IR(r) and HEXFET(r) are registered trademarks of
International Rectifier Corporation. All other product names
noted herein may be trademarks of their respective holders.

CONTACT: International Rectifier Joe Engle, 310/252-7019
[EMAIL PROTECTED] SOURCE: International Rectifier Corporation
10/21/2002 06:00 EASTERN
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EVLN(GDLS Hybrid Electric Wheel Drive)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
U.S. Army TACOM National Automotive Center (NAC) Showcases
Latest Vehicle Technology at AUSA Oct. 21-23

WARREN, Mich., Oct. 17 /PRNewswire/ -- The U.S. Army TACOM
National Automotive Center (NAC) will showcase, with
commercial partners, the latest in vehicle technologies that
have potential to transform today's Army into a lighter,
more mobile and more fuel-efficient force at the Association
of the United States Army (AUSA) annual meeting in
Washington, D.C., Oct. 21-23, 2002.

Some of the ongoing NAC projects, located in industry
partners' display booths, featured at the AUSA meeting are:

Advanced Hybrid Electric Wheel Drive Technology -- a
partnership with General Dynamics Land Systems.  An advanced
hybrid electric propulsion system, that provides improved
fuel economy, reduced maintenance costs and minimal
emissions, has been integrated into a 13 ton Gross Vehicle
Weight, 8 wheel/8 wheel drive (8x8) ground vehicle in order
to evaluate the military application of this electric wheel
drive technology to a medium class (approximately 20 tons)
platform.

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) -- a partnership
with Permo- Drive Technologies and Stewart & Stevenson. 
Engineers are working to demonstrate, evaluate and optimize
the integration of a hybrid propulsion system onto one of
the Army's FMTV platforms.  This regenerative braking system
reverses the motor's magnetic field during braking to slow
the vehicle, generating additional electricity to charge the
batteries and reduce brake wear.

GM COMmercially BAsed Tactical Truck (COMBATT) -- a
partnership with General Motors Corporation.  The GM Defense
COMBATT, based on the Chevrolet Silverado, is a modified
heavy-duty pickup, remanufactured to Army specifications,
that provides mobility, durability, survivability and
affordability to the Services.  The Army and the Border
Patrol in California are currently evaluating this
multi-purpose tactical truck.

HEMTT ProPulse(TM) Hybrid Vehicle -- a partnership with
Oshkosh Truck Corporation and the Army Project Manager for
Heavy Tactical Vehicles. Oshkosh's ProPulse(TM), a hybrid
electric propulsion system, has been incorporated onto an
advanced Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)
platform.  Operating in conjunction with a reserve
electrical energy storage module, this propulsion package
will provide high rates of acceleration and highway speeds
for heavy vehicles. The vehicle is also capable of
generating up to 400kW of on-board power.

Mobile Parts Hospital (MPH) Rapid Manufacturing System (RMS)
-- a partnership with CAMP, Focus: HOPE and IITRI.  MPH is
the automotive equivalent of the Mobile Army Surgical
Hospital (MASH).  It combines the latest in manufacturing
equipment and advanced technologies in two militarized ISO
containers called Rapid Manufacturing System (RMS). Trained
personnel can produce both standard and unique replacement
and repair parts on demand for vehicles in the field.  MPH
provides an on-site fix so a disabled vehicle and its crew
can finish the assigned mission safely.

The above partnerships are examples of how the NAC is
working with the commercial industry to improve military
vehicles.  Improved safety, fuel economy, increased
reliability and an overall savings to the taxpayer are
results of these innovative partnerships.

SOURCE  TACOM CO:  TACOM; U.S. Army TACOM National
Automotive Center; NAC ST:  District of Columbia SU:  TDS
http://www.prnewswire.com 10/17/2002 11:45 EDT
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EVLN(CALSTART strokes SCAQMD)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
CALSTART Receives Clean Air Award From South Coast AQMD
PASADENA, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 16, 2002--

Advanced Transportation Consortium Wins Innovative
Transportation Project Award for Clean Mobility Center''
Concept, Implementation

CALSTART, the advanced transportation technologies
consortium, was honored today with the South Coast Air
Quality Management District's Clean Air Award for innovative
transportation projects. The award was presented to CALSTART
in recognition of its Clean Mobility Center "CityWheels"
project at the Bikestation facility at the Long Beach
Transit Mall. (See notice at
http://www.calstart.com/CleanMobilityCenter.htm.)

The award, which is given for outstanding use of a single
alternative transportation mode, or of a comprehensive
transportation strategy with demonstrable air quality
benefits, will be shared with the Bikestation Coalition and
Flexcar, partners with CALSTART in this innovative transit
enhancing system.

The City Wheels facility, which opened April 19, 2002, is
the first fully integrated Clean Mobility Center site in the
nation. It extends the shared-vehicle concept by offering
electric cars, electric bicycles, and Vespa-style electric
scooters. Strategically located near transit, City Wheels is
designed to help commuters, downtown workers, and residents
make clean efficient trips around the city, relieve parking
congestion, and reduce traffic.

The goal of the Clean Mobility Center is to encourage the
shared use of environmentally friendly zero-emission cars,
bikes and scooters in order to promote the use of mass
transit. In providing mobility services at transit centers,
WestStart-CALSTART and its partners hope to get commuters
out of their cars, reduce the use of gasoline vehicles for
short trips (the most fuel inefficient and polluting type of
trip), and expand awareness of clean vehicle technologies.
The Clean Mobility Center is a transportation model, which
can be replicated nationwide at transit hubs and in
communities.

CALSTART is the California operating division of WestStart,
an advanced transportation technologies organization that
focuses on developing new, clean technologies and solutions
in transportation. Working with private partners worldwide,
WestStart provides technology development and demonstration,
industry analysis, marketing, business development and fleet
implementation services. Its expertise includes electric
vehicles, natural gas vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles,
intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and fuel-cell
technologies.

Flexcar
Headquartered in Seattle, Flexcar now operates car-sharing
programs for more than 7,500 members in more than a dozen
cities and counties in 5 states and the District of
Columbia. Flexcar's modern fleet includes sedans,
gas-electric hybrids, electric cars and specialty vehicles
including pickups and convertibles. Flexcar has established
strategic partnerships with King County (Wash.) Metro,
Kitsap County (Wash.) Transit, the Washington Metropolitan
Area Transit Authority (WMATA), Parsons Transportation Group
and American Honda Motor Company, Inc.

Editor's Note: Correct spelling and punctuation is
"Flexcar"; not FlexCar or Flex Car.

Bikestation Coalition
Open since 1996, Bikestation Long Beach is one of three
bike-transit centers operating in California. The purpose of
the public facility is to provide convenient services that
encourage bicycling and mode shifts to other clean forms of
transportation including transit, walking, and
vehicle-sharing. In addition to offering secure bicycle
parking to commuters, Bikestation Long Beach offers
automated bicycle lockers for after-hours storage, bike
repairs and accessory sales, changing room and
education/safety programs.

CONTACT: WestStart-CALSTART Susan Romeo, 626/744-5600
http://www.calstart.org SOURCE: WestStart-CALSTART
10/16/2002 15:00 EASTERN
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Yahoo! - We Remember
9-11: A tribute to the more than 3,000 lives lost
http://dir.remember.yahoo.com/tribute
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>
> It is not "sulfation" for sure.
> It is dendritic growth on the negative plate combined with negative
> active material expansion. The "mossing" growth is from positive
> shedding and plating out on the negatives.
> The wavy sperators are harmless; result of normal negative expansion.
>
> Sincerely
>
> Nawaz Qureshi

We've had success reducing dendrite formation with our charge algorithm by
incorporating a discharge pulse up to 2 msec within our pulsing charge
regime at something around a 10C current level.

/Glenn Crosby/
 Rhino-Charge Engineering
 1252 Monte Vista Ave., Ste 13
 Upland, CA 91786
 (909) 241-5198 voice
 (909) 981-5574 fax/voice
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]
--- End Message ---
--- Begin Message ---
EVLN(JOB: SCE Electric Vehicle Technical Specialist)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
US-CA-Pomona-Technical Specialist (Electric Vehicle Technology)
Job Requirements

Demonstrated ability to collect and analyze data using
various forms of data acquisition systems. Demonstrated
experience developing and implementing complex test
procedures. Proficiency in writing technical reports.
Demonstrated ability to work with internal and external
clients on electro- drive technology issues. Ability to
proficiently use Word, Excel, and PowerPoint software. Must
possess a valid California driver's license and a clean
driving record. Degree: BA/BS, License: Class A Driver's
License. Thorough understanding of electro-drive
technologies currently in the market. Familiarity with
alternative fuels such as CNG and propane. Experience with
quality systems such as ISO 9001 and QS 9000.

Typical Responsibilities
Investigates, performs analysis, collects data and prepares
technical reports on Electric Transportation programs.
Develops and implements test procedures for all aspects of
electro-drive technologies currently in the market. Provides
guidance on alternative fuel issues such as the proper use
of CNG and propane. Supports technical liaison efforts with
other departments and outside clients on electro-technology
issues. Makes recommendations to EV Tech Center Management
regarding Electric Vehicle Technology issues and proposed
expansion activities.

Additional Information
Position Type: Full Time, Employee
Ref Code: ZC-10862-MO
Contact Information
[EMAIL PROTECTED]
Southern California Edison
8631 Rush Street
Rosemead CA 91770
-



=====
' ____
~/__|o\__
'@----- @'---(=
. http://geocities.com/brucedp/
. EV List Editor & RE newswires
. (originator of the EV ascci art above)
=====

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EVLN(JOB: Hybrid Vehicle Battery Quality Control & Service Manager)
[The Internet Electric Vehicle List News. For Public EV
 informational purposes. Contact publication for reprint rights.]
 --- {EVangel}
US-MI-Farmington Hills-Quality Control & Service Manager;
Hybrid Vehicle Batteries

Title: Quality Control & Service Manager: Hybrid Vehicle
Batteries

Salary: 70,000

Location: Farmington Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit

Required Skills & Experiences

1) Quality control experience in automotive industry for at
   least 5 years.

2) Customer service experience in automotive industry for at
   least 5 years.

3) Electrical circuit, software, and mechanical engineering
   experience is of great advantage to fulfill this
   function.

Job Description

1) Negotiations with customers (ex. Ford customer service
   division), Supplier and other companies for quality and
   service related issues.

2) Management level reporting and document creation for
   quality issues and policies, as the US-based, local arm
   of Japanís quality assurance department.

3) Management of incoming inspection for prototypes
   delivered to Detroit Tech Center.

4) Management of failure analysis and troubleshooting
   activities for the AP and CP level prototypes.

5) Management of supporting activities during the CP Builds,
   i.e., at integration of its HV batteries to the CP
   vehicles.

6) Generation and reporting of quality & customer service
   statistics, and their analysis.

7) Establshing the hotline team to deal with customerís
   hotline team.

8) 8D report initiation.
9) Management of service parts stock.

The Quality Control & Service Manager shall report to
General Manager and Engineering Manager of Detroit Technical
Center, as well as to Quality Assurance Manager in Japan.
Daily and localized issues shall be reported to the local
management only, while the issues related to product quality
and product designing, impacting company's product and
business strategy must be reported parallel to Japanís
Quality Assurance Manager.

Additional Information
Salary: USD 70,000.00 to USD 70,000.00 per year
Position Type: Full Time, Employee
Ref Code: QC
Contact Information
Regina
[EMAIL PROTECTED]
Executive Resource Group Inc.
205 W. Main Street
Barrington IL
-



=====
' ____
~/__|o\__
'@----- @'---(=
. http://geocities.com/brucedp/
. EV List Editor & RE newswires
. (originator of the EV ascci art above)
=====

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--- Begin Message ---
Or, this http://www.evdeals.com/Z-Cruiser.htm for
$300.  I bought 2 recently.  It folds down easily to
fit in the trunk, goes 12 mpc, top speed about 14 mph,
recharges in 4 hours on 100V-240V etc.  I am pretty
happy with it.

Ed Ang

--- Rod Hower <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
> 
> If you don't have an EV yet but want 'something'
> until you can afford
> a full blown vehicle, I found this on Ebay
> 
>
http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=1870570411
> 
> I bought one of these last year from Sam's club and
> I'm very happy with it
> (actually my kids are happ!).
> 
> Pretty good deal at $300
> 
> Rod
> I have a few extra pictures of it at my web page
> hower.iwarp.com/photo.html
> 


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--- Begin Message ---
Thanks for taking the time to define all those things. It's a drag that
the gold zinc chromate is also called "cad". 

Be aware that Cadmium plating releases poisonous gasses when heated to
welding temperature. Cadmium is also a heavy metal, a lot like lead, and
my cad plated screws generate cad dust freely as I screw them in and
out. Not good, use only when necessary and wash your hands frequently.

Nickel plating will add noticeable thickness to screw threads - you'd
have to specify a really thin coating like .0001" max per surface.
Particularly on machine-tapped holes (which should be masked anyway),
maybe less critical on screws and even less critical on nuts, since they
are cut with extra clearance unless you go out of your way to get "class
3" threads (class 2 is typical). Nickel plating can also cause hydrogen
embrittlement, less-so if electroless Ni plating. However, in theory, in
a perfect world, your fasteners are sized and torqued such that fatigue
is not an issue.

The chrom* processes also produce hazardous waste, though the product
does not seem to be a concern. I like Nickel plating for that reason
among other things, and it looks awesome if the parts are grit blasted
first (soft media - surface texture only). Aluminum can be electroless
Ni plated too, though I've seen it flake off on rare occasions (OK,
once, on an extrusion for which the alloy wasn't a good plating
candidate, my bad).

On Aluminum (further off the fastener topic), the dull yellow-gold-green
finish has various names; chem film, yellow chromate, Alodine - not
Anodize!, chemical conversion coating (it's technically correct term).
It adds some corrosion resistance and it's a good paint base and keeps
things like skin acid from etching fingerprints into your otherwise
gorgeous parts. It's dyed yellow by default otherwise it would be
impossible to tell by visual inspection that it was there. No problem
with thickness on screw threads, the net build-up is in microinches.
It's pretty electrically conductive in the thickness its used in (unlike
anodize), so won't interfere with grounding and might help by reducing
corrosion at grounding points. If it's done sloppily, some yellow can be
rubbed off and get on stuff. A chem filmed Al part visually looks
similar to dull cadmium plated parts.

http://www.barryavenueplating.com/index_ie.php3  has a "spec book" that
is truly awesome, but you have to call to get it. It's worth a try, I
don't know how freely they give it out.

Cad plated fasteners (really) are available from
http://www.aircraftspruce.com/index.php along with other useful things.

AM Fasteners in Tacoma, WA had good prices on certified MIL-spec
fasteners, 1-800-538-9586, they will ship and you can pay by credit card
over the phone.

- GT

> -----Original Message-----
> From: [EMAIL PROTECTED] [mailto:Lawsonhunt@;aol.com] 
> Sent: Friday, October 25, 2002 12:51 AM
> To: [EMAIL PROTECTED]
> Subject: Difference between Zinc and Cadmium - was Attnetion to Detail
[snip]
--- End Message ---
--- Begin Message ---
True about 4wd vs 2wd models. Also I found when using the same 14 US8VGC's
in my Metro (2400lbs) and in the Geo Tracker that I get the same range 30
miles when driving the back roads to work in the 35-45mph speed but when I
take the highway due to the boxy wind resistance, my range drops to 22 miles
on this 3200lb vehicle. (Well actually these are the -HD versions which is
like having a 15th battery.)
Since the batts are hanging down and out of the back seat it looks more
factory (less like a rolling science project) and handles well. I can now
take the whole family out to dinner etc instead of just driving to work 300
miles per week.
----- Original Message -----
From: "David Dymaxion" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
To: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Sent: Wednesday, October 23, 2002 4:39 PM
Subject: Re: Electric Jeep?


> Casually perusing the EPA database showed 4WD took about 10 to 20%
> more energy (mpg) than without for same model vehicles. Weight tends
> to be around 5 to 10% more. The added drag is more than the extra
> weight would imply, as there are extra gears, axles, extra ground
> clearance, wider tires, sometimes fender flares, etc., to add to the
> drag.
>
> One notable exception was the Audi Quattro. Alledgedly the decreased
> rolling resistance of driving all four wheels makes up for the extra
> drag (most 4WD and AWD don't really do a 50/50 power split front to
> rear like the center differential Quattro does). It gets the same
> mpg/pound as the 2WD version. My understanding is the newer Quattros
> may not use the same setup, so I'm not sure if this is still true for
> new ones.
>
> I'm not sure what happens if you take two motors and drive each axle
> independently. You might get what happens with the Quattro, decreased
> rolling resistance makes up for the extra drag of a 2nd differential
> and axle.
>
>
> --- Thomas Shay <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
> > I doubt that the range difference is as much as 10 percent.
> > The extra parts needed for 4WD will add 5 to10% to the
> > vehicles weight.  This requires  extra power when hill
> > climbing and acceleration, but not when running at constant
> > speed on the level.   Most 4WD vehicles (not all)
> > completely disconnect the unused axle when in 2WD.
> >
> > My main concern would be the extra weight.  The less a
> > vehicle weighs before it gets laden with batteries the better.
> >
> > Tom Shay
> >
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > From: "Mark Hanson" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
> > To: "Vince" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>; <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
> > Sent: Wednesday, October 23, 2002 8:57 AM
> > Subject: Re: Electric Jeep?
> >
> >
> > > Mine doesn"t leak but I removed the front wheel drive 4-wheel
> > drive unit
> > to
> > > drop 175 pounds and i was told by Otmar that it would reduce my
> > range by
> > 10%
> > > but there are sometimes when i wish i kept it in. It all depends
> > on how
> > > range challenged you are in getting to and from work. Does anyone
> > have
> > exact
> > > range/efficiency numbers for 4-W vs 2-W drive? (when it's left in
> > 2-wheel
> > > drive of course.)
> >
>
>
> =====
>
>
> __________________________________________________
> Do you Yahoo!?
> Y! Web Hosting - Let the expert host your web site
> http://webhosting.yahoo.com/
>
--- End Message ---
--- Begin Message ---
On several occasions, I load tested the entire pack in
my  Ranger conversion.  After a trip and before recharging the
pack, I'd run the heater which drew about 25 amperes.
Check the voltage of each battery every few minutes.
After while the weak battery or batteries would start to
lose voltage rapidly while the good batteries would lose
voltage very slowly.

In 1999 I found two bad ones this  way and removed them
 from the string of 20 and carried on with 18 batteries and
slightly reduced performance until a third and fourth battery
failed in 2002.

Tom Shay

----- Original Message -----
From: "Lawrence Rhodes" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
To: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Sent: Friday, October 25, 2002 7:46 AM
Subject: Load tester for 6,8 &12 volt use.


> Can a load tester be made from a resistor, a light bulb and a multimeter
or
> some other trick method or do I have to go out and buy one.  I need one to
> find the best batterys in my collection.  I don't need exact values I just
> need to know which batteries are strongest.  Lawrence Rhodes...
>
>
--- End Message ---
--- Begin Message ---

--- Rod Hower <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
If you don't have an EV yet but want 'something'
until you can afford
a full blown vehicle, I found this on Ebay


http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=1870570411
I bought one of these last year from Sam's club and
I'm very happy with it
(actually my kids are happ!).

Some might find this new scooter of interest:
http://www.electricscootermag.com/WeeklyVision/09252002.htm

This is the new Currie F-18 fully suspended scooter with front and rear brakes. I am currently upgrading this one for Electric Scooter Magazine.

Currie Technologies and the motor manufacturer both claim this motor w/integral controller should have no problem operating on 36V instead of 24V.

I am making a new battery box to hold 3 Hawker 12V 14AH batteries, we hope to get close to 30 mph and 15+ mile range with this setup.

P.S. EV Parts has these Hawkers in stock from a standby UPS system that were never used.
Part number is not up at evparts.com yet, but the number is RG5514 @ 29.95 ea.
Call Roderick for more details 888-387-2787







Roy LeMeur Seattle WA

My Electric Vehicle Pages:
http://www.angelfire.com/ca4/renewables/evpage.html

Informational Electric Vehicle Links:
http://www.angelfire.com/ca4/renewables/evlinks.html




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--- Begin Message ---
The control probably would run fine at 36Volts is you make sure the bus
caps are rated appropriately,
ie 50Volts.
The only problem is that my motor overheats too fast on the hilly terrain
around my house and this would
only get worse at 36V.
I'm assuming that is the same motor as the one used on the Currie scooter
from the link below?
I'm building up the exact same size motor with parts at work, but I'm using
a Neo rotor cup, increasing winding size and going to class 'H' insulation.
I'm also using my external control instead of mounting it inside the motor
housing.
The biggest problem with that type of motor design is keeping the stator
cool.
The stator is INSIDE the rotor cup (inside out motor).
This works great in blowers where there is plenty of air being pulled
through the
motor.  On the curry design the round finned heatsink is connected to the
casting
that holds the 3-phase potted control.  The control stays cool enough, but
you can't pull heat
out of the stator because there is no airflow (the motor is essentially
NEMA4 and sealed).
The only reason I'm using this time of motor on the scooter is it will bolt
up to the existing bracket
with no modifications to the scooter.
A pancake axial motor like the ones E-cycle designs would be better.
(oh, and did I mention my motor and control will be free :-)
Hopefully I'll get time to finish this project over Christmas.


Rod



--- Rod Hower <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
>
>If you don't have an EV yet but want 'something'
>until you can afford
>a full blown vehicle, I found this on Ebay
>
>
http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=1870570411
>
>I bought one of these last year from Sam's club and
>I'm very happy with it
>(actually my kids are happ!).
>

Some might find this new scooter of interest:
http://www.electricscootermag.com/WeeklyVision/09252002.htm

This is the new Currie F-18 fully suspended scooter with front and rear
brakes. I am currently upgrading this one for Electric Scooter Magazine.

Currie Technologies and the motor manufacturer both claim this motor
w/integral controller should have no problem operating on 36V instead of
24V.

I am making a new battery box to hold 3 Hawker 12V 14AH batteries, we hope
to get close to 30 mph and 15+ mile range with this setup.

P.S. EV Parts has these Hawkers in stock from a standby UPS system that
were
never used.
Part number is not up at evparts.com yet, but the number is RG5514 @ 29.95
ea.
Call Roderick for more details 888-387-2787







Roy LeMeur  Seattle WA

My Electric Vehicle Pages:
http://www.angelfire.com/ca4/renewables/evpage.html

Informational Electric Vehicle Links:
http://www.angelfire.com/ca4/renewables/evlinks.html




_________________________________________________________________
Get faster connections†-- switch to†MSN Internet Access!
http://resourcecenter.msn.com/access/plans/default.asp



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