Thanks for the explanations. I am astonished about all children being
psychopathic: I guess you mean very young one?
To be fair that term isn't normally used for children due to its pejorative
connotations, but I think it is close to the truth. Infants lack not only a
moral sense, they also lack an understanding of consequences of their
actions. Older children act to gain rewards and avoid punishment. Older
children still act for all the above reasons but also to gain approval from
authority figures - to be a good boy or a good girl, whatever that takes.
The final stage involves internalising moral values, so that "good" and
"bad" take on a separate meaning, not just what has positive or negative
consequences or what other people think of as good and bad.
These roughly correspond to Kohlberg's stages of moral development:
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