Here we go again about the meaning of meaning and other IDs of terms we love to 
use w/o proper IDs.
English con tribution: Tom's 3 "why"s can be understood in (at least?) 2 ways: 1. asking for the origination as cause of the topic, - OR 2. asking for a purpose - as a goal - of it. Since I do not consider the second aspect (at all?) I turn to the first one, which I do consider, but don't really know. In 'science' (reductionistic that is using topical model views) we search for the most obvious iniciator (entailer) within the model of observation and pronounce it 'cause'. In my (poorly identified) "originational" determinism it is the entire totality (who knows what that may be) and its cummulative changes that result in our observed moves (changes) and happenings. You wrote: " cannot create values and personal meaning." Especially not our ongoing one. I also agree with the "being a person" part (- as a personal FEELING), however there might be some similarity between such feeling and the one about Tom's 'God". None of them are 'instrumentally verifiable' - which btw. is no "must" in my value-system to be acceptable. Both (consider only these two) are prejudicial personal belief systems, naybe excluding each other in toto. And so is my position, not including either of them <G>). I have no such firm point as some on this list seem to have (Bruno, etc.) and stay on my well established ignorance of "I dunno"<G>.

One question, however, seems firmly askable:
WHAT SHOULD WE CALL   "  L I F E  " ????
(For sure not the biochem-game, not a transcendent comp, not - maybe - a restricted (physical?) term in 'a' biosphere' and not without including WITH the 'materially' explained features an extended form of mentality - the ideation also including phenomena callable 'inanimate').
John M

----- Original Message ----- From: Stathis Papaioannou To: Sent: Saturday, December 30, 2006 10:59 PM
 Subject: RE: The Meaning of Life

 Tom Caylor writes:

 > Stathis Papaioannou wrote:
 > > Tom Caylor writes (quoting Bruno Marchal):
 > >
 > > [TC]
 > > > > > My whole argument is that without it our hope eventually runs out and
 > > > > > we are left with despair, unless we lie to ourselves against the
 > > > > > absence of hope.
 > >
 > > [BM]
 > > > > Here Stathis already give a genuine comment. You are just admitting
 > > > > your argument is "wishful thinking".
 > >
 > > [TC]
 > > > I was being too poetic ;)  By "despair" I meant nihilism, the belief
 > > > that there ultimately is no meaning.  I am arguing that the ultimate
 > > > source of meaning has to be personal.  I'm just saything that my
 > > > argument is of the form, "If meaning is not ultimately based on the
 > > > personal God, then there is no true meaning, because..."
 > >
 > > I realised when I was about 12 or 13 years old that there could not be any
 > > ultimate meaning. I was very pleased and excited with this discovery, and 
 > > around trying to explain it to people (mostly drawing blank looks, as I 
 > > It seemed to me just another interesting fact about the world, like 
scientific and
 > > historical facts. It inspired me to start reading philosophy, looking up 
words like
 > > "nihilism" in the local library. It also encouraged me to question rules, 
laws and
 > > moral edicts handed down with no justification other than tradition or 
 > > where these were in conflict with my own developing value system. Overall, 
 > > think the realisation that there was no ultimate meaning was one of the 
 > > positive experiences in my life. But even if it hadn't been, and threw me 
into a
 > > deep depression, does that have any bearing on whether or not it is true?
 > >
 > > Stathis Papaioannou
 > >
> > It's interesting that in my observations quite a lot of people have an
 > eye-opening experience around the age of 12 regarding the meaning of
 > life.  Perhaps it has to do with entering puberty and forming our own
 > sense of purpose.  I guess you might know something about this from
 > your background, Stathis.  For me it was when I was eleven, I think
 > triggered by starting to go to a boarding school and living away from
 > my parents.  One night I had this overwhelming sense of God's presence,
 > a sense of ultimate love surround me and reassure me that everything
 > was going to be all right.  And I felt a deep sense of gratitude just
 > for being alive.  It was a strict boarding school (religious!), and
 > there was a real sense of competition, but when my mom asked me in a
 > letter how I was doing, I said, "I'm just fine, as long as they don't
 > cut my head off!"  Anyway, from then on I felt "centered", or at least
 > I had a "center" that I could go back to, because I knew that I was
 > loved by the One from whom Everything/Everyone comes from.
> > My view of this is that we form our view of meaning as a process of
 > thought about whatever resources we have.  For instance, someone could
 > look around them at the options for defining meaning, and choose not to
 > base their meaning on any so-called "ultimate" source.  However, this
 > general process in an of itself doesn't seem to actually prove one way
 > or other that a particular basis of meaning is the "real" basis of
 > meaning, if such a thing actually exists.

> How does this relate to the Everything List? That's a good question,
 > and is one of the questions I want to pose on this thread.  Does the
 > Everything idea, or discussions at the Everything "level" have anything
 > to do with the meaning of life?  Does it shed any light on the meaning
 > of life, or meaning in general; or vice versa: does the meaning of
 > life, or one's view of meaning, have any significant effect on the
 > Everything issues, and if so how?
> > Certainly in the view of many big thinkers, the meaning of life is the
 > central question of philosophy, and it seems that philosophy has a
 > central bearing on the topic of this List.    For example Albert Camus,
 > in his The Myth of Sisyphus says:
> > "There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is
 > suicide.  Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to
 > answering the fundamental question of philosophy.  All the
 > rest--whether the world has three dimensions, whether the mind has nine
 > categories or twelve categories--come afterward.  These are games; one
 > must first answer...  If I ask myself how to judge that this question
 > is more urgent than that, I reply that one judges by the actions it
 > entails.  I have never seen anyone die for the ontological argument
 > [for the existence of a god].  Galileo, who held a scientific truth of
 > great importance, abjured it with the greatest of ease as soon as it
 > endangered his life.  In a certain sense he did right.  That truth was
 > not worth the stake.  Whether the earth or the sun revolved around the
 > other is a matter of profound indifference.  To tell the truth, it is a
 > futile question.  On the other hand, I see many people die because they
 > judge that life is not worth living.  I see others paradoxically
 > getting killed for the ideas or illusions that give them a reason for
 > living (what is called a reason for living is also an excellent reason
 > for dying).  I therefore conclude that the meaning of life is the most
 > urgent of questions."

Of course: questions of personal meaning are not scientific questions. Physics may show you how to build a nuclear bomb, but it won't tell you whether you should use it.

 > Besides the question of how meaning relates to this List, the question
 > of meaning itself can be asked at several different levels, so I'll
 > list a few:
> > 1) Why does the universe exist? Why is there something rather than
 > nothing?
 > 2) Why do human beings in general exist?
 > 3) Why do I exist?

These questions can be answered at the level of explanation and description (i.e. scientifically) rather than at the level of meaning, i.e. I exist because my parents met, humans exist because they evolved naturally, etc. The point I have been arguing in recent weeks is, and perhaps here we are in agreement, science cannot create values and personal meaning. On the one hand my will to live is easily explained as something programmed into me by evolutionary processes; on the other hand, what it feels like from the inside, the sense of its importance to me can only be understood by *being* a person. This is the irreducible quality of first person experience: consciousness is what is left when what can possibly be known by observing an entity is subtracted from what can possibly be known by being that entity.

Where I think I disagree with you is that you seem to want to reduce the irreducible and make values and personal meaning real world objects, albeit not of the kind that can be detected by scientific instruments, perhaps issued by God. But in proposing this you are swapping one irreducible entity extremely well-grounded in empirical evidence (I know I'm conscious, and I know that when my brain stops so does my consciousness) for another irreducible entity with no grounding in empirical evidence whatsoever.

 > The purpose of listing these three questions is not to deal with all of
 > them on this thread necessarily, but to show that the question of the
 > meaning of life really is connected to the universal questions that
 > this list tries to address.  One's answer to any one of these questions
 > can affect his/her answer to the other questions.
> > It seems that we all have to eventually come to the question of the end
 > of our lives.  (Even if immortality, quantum or other kinds, is a
 > reality, the question of the end of our lives is a topic addressed even
 > on this List.)  So as one man on United Flight 93 said before giving
 > his life to save others, "Let's roll!"
> > Tom > > "You ask me about the meaning of life? Good Lord, I don't even know my
 > way around Chinatown!" - Woody Allen

 Stathis Papaioannou

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