Hi Rob,

Just a quick summary on my certificate renew experience.

I started with a worst case scenario assumption - original CSR and key is no longer available.
1. export old certificate in pkcs12 format
pk12util -d /etc/httpd/alias -n 'certificate alias' -o /tmp/ipa.p12 -k /etc/httpd/alias/pwdfile.txt
2. extract original certificate key
openssl pkcs12 -in /tmp/ipa.p12 -out /tmp/ipa.key -nocerts
3. generate new CSR
openssl req -out CSR.csr -key  /tmp/ipa.key -new

above commands just for reference and require significant interactive input.
I wonder if anyone can wrap all in one script.

Regarding installing new certificate I found that simplest method is to delete expired certificate first and import new one using the same alias, adding intermediate certificate if changed. Steps are identical for both apache and directory server.
1. certutil -D -d /etc/httpd/alias -n original_alias
2. certutil -A -n Intermediate -d /etc/httpd/alias -a -i intermediate.pem -t "C,," 3. certutil -A -n original_alias -d /etc/httpd/alias -t u,u,u -a -i myipanew.pem


On 07/11/2016 10:10 AM, Rob Crittenden wrote:
j...@use.startmail.com wrote:
On Tuesday, June 28, 2016 10:50 AM, Rob Crittenden <rcrit...@redhat.com> wrote:
j...@use.startmail.com wrote:

About a year ago I installed my freeipa server with certificates from
startssl using command line options --dirsrv-cert-file --http-cert-file
The certificate is about to expire, what is the proper way to update it
in all places?

It depends on whether you kept the original CSR or not. If you kept the
original CSR and are just renewing the certificate(s) then when you get
the new one, use certutil to add the updated cert to the appropriate NSS
database like:

# certutil -A -n Server-Cert -d /etc/httpd/alias -t u,u,u -a -i


Thank you, that worked just fine, except that I had to update an intermediate certificate as well.

Two questions, please:

1. I noticed a strange discrepancy in behavior between /etc/httpd/alias and /etc/dirsrv/slapd-domain. In both places original intermediate certificate is listed with empty ",," trust attributes so I initially added new intermediate certificate with empty attributes as well. certutils -V showed valid certificate in /etc/httpd/alias and not trusted in /etc/dirsrv/slapd-domain so I had to modify intermediate certificate with -t "C,,"

Hmm, not sure. Did the CA chain change in between the issuance of the two certs?

Adding a new certificate shouldn't affect the trust of any other certs so I'm not sure what happened. It could be that those subordinate CAs were loaded the first time incorrectly but weren't used so it wasn't noticed, I'm not really sure.

2. Just out of curiosity I wanted to list private keys and is prompted for a password:
# certutil -K -d /etc/httpd/alias/
certutil: Checking token "NSS Certificate DB" in slot "NSS User Private Key and Certificate Services"
Enter Password or Pin for "NSS Certificate DB":

Which one of the many provided by a user passwords is used by ipa-server-install command during NSS database initialization?

In each NSS directory there is a pwdfile.txt which contains the PIN for the internal token. You can add -f /etc/httpd/alias/pwdfile.txt to your command to list the private keys.


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