A number of people have alluded to the problem of double encoding, and I'm 
beginning to think this is true. 

I have isolated a number of problem records. They all contain diacritics, but 
they do not have an "a" in position #9 of the leader -- 
http://dh.crc.nd.edu/tmp/original.marc  Can someone verify that the file 
contains UTF-8 characters for me?

For these same records I have also added an "a" in position #9 and created a 
similar file -- http://dh.crc.nd.edu/tmp/fixed.marc  

Is it true that original.marc is not denoted correctly, but fixed.marc is 
denoted correctly?

Eric Morgan

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