On Mar 27, 2013, at 4:59 PM, Eric Lease Morgan <emor...@nd.edu> wrote:

> When it calls as_usmarc, I think MARC::Batch tries to honor the value set in 
> position #9 of the leader. In other words, if the leader is empty, then it 
> tries to output records as MARC-8, and when the leader is a value of "a", it 
> tries to encode the data as UTF-8.

How can I figure out whether or not a MARC record contains ONLY characters from 
the UTF-8 character set?

Put another way, how can I determine whether or not position #9 of a given MARC 
leader is accurate? If position #9 is an "a", then how can I read the balance 
of the record to determine whether or not all the characters really and truly 
are UTF-8 encoded?

Eric "This Is Almost Too Much For Me" Morgan

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