On Mon, Feb 1, 2016 at 9:28 AM, Fujii Masao <masao.fu...@gmail.com> wrote:
> So what about the following plan?
> [first version]
> Add only synchronous_standby_num which specifies the number of standbys
> that the master must wait for before marking sync replication as completed.
> This version supports simple use cases like "I want to have two synchronous
> standbys".
> [second version]
> Add synchronous_replication_method: 'prioriry' and 'quorum'. This version
> additionally supports simple quorum commit case like "I want to ensure
> that WAL is replicated synchronously to at least two standbys from five
> ones listed in s_s_names".
> Or
> Add something like quorum_replication_num and quorum_standby_names, i.e.,
> the master must wait for at least q_r_num standbys from ones listed in
> q_s_names before marking sync replication as completed. Also the master
> must wait for sync replication according to s_s_num and s_s_num.
> That is, this approach separates 'priority' and 'quorum' to each parameters.
> This increases the number of GUC parameters, but ISTM less confusing, and
> it supports a bit complicated case like "there is one local standby and three
> remote standbys, then I want to ensure that WAL is replicated synchronously
> to the local standby and at least two remote one", e.g.,
>   s_s_num = 1, s_s_names = 'local'
>   q_s_num = 2, q_s_names = 'remote1, remote2, remote3'
> [third version]
> Add the hooks for more complicated sync replication cases.

-1.  We're wrapping ourselves around the axle here and ending up with
a design that will not let someone say "the local standby and at least
one remote standby" without writing C code.  I understand nobody likes
the mini-language I proposed and nobody likes a JSON configuration
file either.  I also understand that either of those things would
allow ridiculously complicated configurations that nobody will ever
need in the real world.  But I think "one local and one remote" is a
fairly common case and that you shouldn't need a PhD in
PostgreSQLology to configure it.

Also, to be frank, I think we ought to be putting more effort into
another patch in this same area, specifically Thomas Munro's causal
reads patch.  I think a lot of people today are trying to use
synchronous replication to build load-balancing clusters and avoid the
problem where you write some data and then read back stale data from a
standby server.  Of course, our current synchronous replication
facilities make no such guarantees - his patch does, and I think
that's pretty important.  I'm not saying that we shouldn't do this
too, of course.

Robert Haas
EnterpriseDB: http://www.enterprisedb.com
The Enterprise PostgreSQL Company

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