> That doesn't bother me either, seeing that an undefined variable isn't
> detected at compile time anywhere else.  However, fixing the SQLSTATE
> tests by removing them doesn't seem like a great solution ...
> > BTW, another easy improvement in this area is changing the RAISE format 
> > string to allow it to be an expression, rather than only a string literal.
> I would sort of have expected this to get done at the same time.
> Actually, the reason I didn't do something about RAISE in 8.0 was that
> I thought we should reconsider the whole design of the statement: it
> desperately needs to be fixed so that you can specify the SQLSTATE to
> be thrown, and so that you can re-throw the same exception you caught.
> (Note that SQLERRM is not really a solution to that: you might think
> something like "RAISE EXCEPTION SQLSTATE, '%', SQLERRM" would do,
> but it loses information, namely all the auxiliary fields.)
> Ideas?

only RAISE? Without parameters can be used only in block. It's same scope 

Oracle can define variables with type EXCEPTION. This all what we need - 
identificator. For value of exception Oracle use PRAGMA EXCEPTION_INIT - 
for SQLCODE value. PostgreSQL don't suport SQLCODE, then PRAGMA is 
irelevant, but what:

DECLARE my_exception EXCEPTION = '22012'; -- division by zero
  RAISE my_exception; -- named exception; -- no params
  EXCEPTION WHEN division_by_zero THEN
    my_exception ~ division by zero

  EXCEPTIO WHEN my_exception THEN

all variants are legal. I can use user's exception 
with default unique value from predefined interval too.


Pavel Stehule


>                       regards, tom lane

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